Gallo and coauthors conducted a randomized trial among 132 one-month-old healthy, term, breastfed infants with 11 months of follow-up to investigate the efficacy of different dosages of cholecalciferol in supporting 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations in infants. In an editorial, Abrams discusses targeting dietary vitamin D intakes in healthy infants.
In a multicenter, age-stratified study of 830 healthy females, Dobson and coauthors determine whether mean antibody levels to human papillomavirus (HPV)–16 and HPV-18 among girls receiving 2 doses was noninferior to young women receiving 3 doses in an effort to protect against cervical cancer.
Lowenthal and coauthors report on the association between efavirenz-based vs nevirapine-based antiretroviral regimens and virological failure in children infected with human immunodeficiency virus.
Serenius and colleagues study neurodevelopmental outcome in extremely preterm children at 2.5 years (corrected age) in 491 survivors compared with control participants in a population-based prospective cohort in Sweden.
In a multicenter cohort study conducted in the northeastern United States, Wachman and coauthors determined if certain single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) are associated with length of hospital stay and need for treatment in infants with neonatal abstinence syndrome.