Laura A. Petersen, MD, MPH; Kate Simpson, MPH; Kenneth Pietz, PhD; et al.
To investigate the effect of financial incentives to reward guideline-recommended hypertension
care, Petersen and coauthors performed a cluster randomized trial of 12 Veterans Affairs
hospital-based outpatient clinics with incentives paid at the physician level, practice level, and
both. In an Editorial, Dolor and Schulman discuss the role of pay for performance in the
transformation of clinical care.