In a comparative study of kidney donors and healthy nondonors who participated in the third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey, Muzaale and coauthors found that kidney donors have an increased risk of developing end-stage renal cancer over a median of 7.6 years.
G. Wang and coauthors investigate whether preterm birth is associated with elevated plasma insulin levels at birth and whether this association persists into early childhood in 1358 children born in Boston, Massachusetts. In an Editorial, Hanson discusses the importance of the developmental origins of health and disease concept in studies.
To investigate human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine dose-level protection, Herweijer and coauthors examined the association between quadrivalent HPV vaccination and first occurrence of condyloma in relation to vaccine dose using data from Swedish population-based health registers for 1 045 165 females.
To determine 30-day readmission rates and factors related to readmission for patients receiving postacute inpatient rehabilitation, Ottenbacher and coauthors conducted a retrospective cohort study among 736 536 Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries discharged from inpatient rehabilitation facilities to the community.
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