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September 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

June 16, 2015, Vol 313, No. 23, Pages 2299-2394

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;313(23):2299-2301. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11805
Original Investigation

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

High-Flow Nasal Oxygen vs Noninvasive Positive Airway Pressure in Hypoxemic Patients After Cardiothoracic Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;313(23):2331-2339. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5213

In this randomized clinical trial, the investigators tested 2 approaches to prevent or resolve acute respiratory failure and found that high-flow nasal oxygen therapy was not inferior to bilevel positive airway pressure in patients with hypoxemia after cardiothoracic surgery.

Antibiotic Therapy vs Appendectomy for Treatment of Uncomplicated Acute Appendicitis: The APPAC Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2340-2348. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6154

In this randomized clinical trial among patients with uncomplicated appendicitis proven by a computed tomographic scan, antibiotic treatment did not meet the prespecified criteria for noninferiority compared with appendectomy.

Variation in Adenoma Detection Rate and the Lifetime Benefits and Cost of Colorectal Cancer Screening: A Microsimulation Model

Abstract Full Text
free access has multimedia has audio
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2349-2358. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6251

This simulation study uses Kaiser Permanente patient data to estimate benefits, complications, and costs of colorectal cancer screening stratified by adenoma detection rate and age at initiation.

Research Letter

Short-term Outcomes of Infants Enrolled in Randomized Clinical Trials vs Those Eligible but Not Enrolled

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;313(23):2377-2379. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5734

This retrospective analysis of infants at National Institute of Child Health and Human Development Neonatal Research Network sites did not find differences in mortality or neonatal morbidity between trial participants and nonparticipants.

Special Communication

Sources and Focus of Health Development Assistance, 1990–2014

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;313(23):2359-2368. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5825

This Special Communication reports the amount of financial assistance high-income countries and private organizations provide to developing countries for health, and their areas of focus.

Viewpoint

Scientific Discovery and the Future of Medicine

Science, Medicine, and Society: A View From the Wellcome Trust

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2315-2316. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.2004

This Viewpoint discusses the translation of new knowledge into better health via the integration of science, medicine, and society.

Guiding Principles for Center for Medicare & Medicaid Innovation Model Evaluations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2317-2318. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.2902

This Viewpoint discusses the Innovation Center of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS), which was created to evaluate new health care payment and delivery models.

Curbing the Diabetes Pandemic: The Need for Global Policy Solutions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2319-2320. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5287

This Viewpoint advocates worldwide policy changes that encourages walking and bicycling and promotes healthful eating by such measures as taxing junk food and subsidizing nutritious food to curb the diabetes epidemic.

A Potential Solution to the Shortage of Solid Organs for Transplantation

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;313(23):2321-2322. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5328

This Viewpoint discusses an approach to expanding the pool of potential donors of solid organs for transplantation.

A Piece of My Mind

Rewriting the Script

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2323-2324. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.2653
Editorial

High-Flow Nasal Cannulae or Noninvasive Ventilation for Management of Postoperative Respiratory Failure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2325-2326. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5304

Treating Appendicitis Without Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2327-2328. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6266

Development Assistance for Health: Potential Contribution to the Post-2015 Agenda

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2328-2330. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5790
JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods

Noninferiority Trials: Is a New Treatment Almost as Effective as Another?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2371-2372. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6645

This Guide to Statistics and Methods describes the reasons for conducting a noninferiority trial and how to analyze and interpret the results from a trial that did.

From the JAMA Network

A Revised Quality Measure for Surgical Care: More Alpha Testing for Perioperative β-Blockers?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2369-2370. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.0798
JAMA Clinical Challenge

Recurrent Oral Ulcers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2373-2374. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.1637
Medical News & Perspectives

Margaret A. Hamburg, MD, Reflects on 6 Years at FDA

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2309-2310. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.3911
News From the Food and Drug Administration

More Protection Against Plague

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2312. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6117

Surgical Sealant Gets the Nod

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2312. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6323

Pain Relief Without Paresthesia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2312. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6326

Undeclared Corticosteroid

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2312. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6328
Global Health

Into the Woods to End Global Hunger

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2311. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5887

Worldwide Disparities in Surgical Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2311. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6441

Greatest Bacterial Diversity Found in Remote Amazonian People

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2311. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6454

International Plans to Deter Antibiotic Resistance Need Improvement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2311. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6456
The Art of JAMA

Untitled: Otis Dozier

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2306-2307. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11807
Poetry and Medicine

The Cloud of Consonants and a Vowel

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2383. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5529
JAMA Revisited

Appendicitis and Infectious Diseases

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2384. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11828
JAMA Patient Page

Appendicitis

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2394. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6201
Comment & Response

Presurgery Sedation and Patient Experience

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2379. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5513

Presurgery Sedation and Patient Experience

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2379-2380. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5516

Presurgery Sedation and Patient Experience—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2380-2381. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5522

Cause of an Elevated Lactate Level

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2381. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5043

Cause of an Elevated Lactate Level—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2381. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5046

Clinician Understanding of Cholesterol Treatment Guidelines

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2381-2382. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5519

Clinician Understanding of Cholesterol Treatment Guidelines—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(23):2382. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5526
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;313(23):2303-2304. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11806
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