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March 2023 - July 1883




June 23/30, 2015, Vol 313, No. 24, Pages 2401-2508

In This Issue of JAMA


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2401-2403. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11819
Original Investigation

Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillator Use Among Medicare Patients With Low Ejection Fraction After Acute Myocardial Infarction

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2433-2440. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6409

This cohort study uses registry and Medicare claims data to assess the frequency of ICD implantation within 1 year of myocardial infarction and to compare mortality in patients with vs without ICDs.

Association Between Early Screening for Patent Ductus Arteriosus and In-Hospital Mortality Among Extremely Preterm Infants

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2441-2448. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6734

This population-based cohort study reports that screening echocardiography before day 3 of life to identify patent ductus arteriosus among extremely preterm infants was associated with lower in-hospital mortality and likelihood of pulmonary hemorrhage.

Use of Phosphodiesterase Type 5 Inhibitors for Erectile Dysfunction and Risk of Malignant Melanoma

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2449-2455. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6604

This case-control study examines the association between use of phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibitors for erectile dysfunction and malignant melanoma risk.

Cannabinoids for Medical Use: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2456-2473. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6358

This meta-analysis summarizes the effectiveness of cannabis and cannabinoids for managing medical and psychotic disorders, including chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, chronic pain, and mood and sleep disorders.

Research Letter

Cannabinoid Dose and Label Accuracy in Edible Medical Cannabis Products

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2491-2493. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6613

This study analyzed the dose accuracy of labels from edibile medical cannabis products dispensed in 3 US cities.


Scientific Discovery and the Future of Medicine

Broadly Neutralizing Antibodies and the Development of Vaccines

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2419-2420. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.2427

This Viewpoint discusses the importance and progress of neutralizing human immunodeficiency virus through efforts to induce broadly reactive neutralizing antibodies.

The 2015 US Dietary Guidelines: Lifting the Ban on Total Dietary Fat

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2421-2422. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5941

Based on the Dietary Guidelines Advisory Committee’s recent recommendations, this Viewpoint urges the US Department of Agriculture and US Department of Health and Human Services to remove limits on total fat consumption in their 2015 Dietary Guideline to promote consumption of healthful fat.

FDA Regulation of Indoor Tanning Devices and Opportunities for Skin Cancer Prevention

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2423-2424. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5975

This Viewpoint describes the current regulation of indoor tanning equipment and the need for a broader public health approach to prevent and reduce skin cancer caused by indoor tanning.

Unrest in Baltimore: The Role of Public Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(24):2425-2426. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5561

This Viewpoint reflects on recent events in Baltimore and the role of public health in the immediate response, in understanding the basis of unrest, and in long-term solutions to health inequities.

A Piece of My Mind

I’m Sorry

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;313(24):2427-2428. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.6507

Underutilization of Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators in Older Patients

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2429-2430. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6408

Medical Marijuana: Is the Cart Before the Horse?

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2431-2432. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6407

This Editorial discusses some of the medical and legal considerations surrounding use of medical marijuana and cannabinoid drugs.

Clinical Crossroads

Medical Marijuana for Treatment of Chronic Pain and Other Medical and Psychiatric Problems: A Clinical Review

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2474-2483. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6199

This synopsis of a medicine grand rounds conference uses an example of a patient with chronic low back pain as the basis for discussing the use of medical marijuana for treating chronic pain and other disorders.

From the JAMA Network

Metformin as Initial Oral Therapy in Type 2 Diabetes

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2484-2485. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.2765
JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Perioperative β-Blocker Therapy

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2486-2487. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.3086

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis article summarizes the evidence for perioperative use of β-blockers in patients with or at risk of developing cardiovascular disease.

Medical News & Perspectives

Novel Programs and Discoveries Aim to Combat Antibiotic Resistance

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2411-2413. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.4738

In the wake of increasing antimicrobial resistance threats, this article discusses some recent government initiatives and efforts by scientists, physicians, and public health officials to combat drug-resistant bacteria.

News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Gauging Hispanic Health

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2417. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6481

Improving Triglyceride Levels

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2417. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6544
Clinical Trials Update

Osteoporosis Drug May Benefit the Frail Elderly in Nursing Homes

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2416. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6097

Mindfulness Therapy Is Not Superior to Maintenance Antidepressants

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2416. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6588

Clinician Training Reduces Cesarean Rates in Low-Risk Pregnancies

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2416. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6590
Health Agencies Update

New HIV Test May Improve Point-of-Care Medicine in Remote Regions

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2415. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6100

NIH Study Demonstrates Metabolism Affects Ease of Weight Loss

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2415. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6575

IOM Report on Cognitive Aging

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2415. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6577
JAMA Infographic

Visualizing Health Policy

Health Care Coverage and Access for Men, 2013-2015

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2414. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6551
The Art of JAMA

The Church Supper: James Baare Turnbull

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2408-2409. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11821
Poetry and Medicine

Winter Solstice

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2498. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5531
JAMA Revisited

Correspondence: Ben Franklin’s Views

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2499. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11814
JAMA Patient Page

Medical Marijuana

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2508. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6676
Comment & Response

Housing for Homeless Adults With Mental Illness

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2493. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5745

Housing for Homeless Adults With Mental Illness—Reply

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2493-2494. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5748

Flaws in Patient Safety Measures

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2494-2495. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5736

Flaws in Patient Safety Measures—Reply

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2495. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5751

Dosing Recommendations for New Oral Anticoagulants

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2496. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5739

Dosing Recommendations for New Oral Anticoagulants—Reply

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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2496-2497. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.5754

Wording and Data Errors in the Text and Table

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2497. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6026
JAMA Masthead


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;313(24):2405-2406. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11820