Stergiopoulos and coauthors examine the effect of scattered-site housing with Intensive Case Management program services on housing stability and generic quality of life among homeless adults in 4 Canadian cities with mental illness and moderate support needs for mental health services.
This randomized trial reports that among patients undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia, sedative premedication with lorazepam compared with placebo or no premedication did not improve the self-reported patient experience the day after surgery, but was associated with modestly prolonged time to extubation and a lower rate of early cognitive recovery.
After 5 years of follow-up, this prospective study found that the size of most benign thyroid nodules did not increase and rarely developed into cancer.
In this exploratory analysis of lung transplant registry data since implementation of a medical need–based organ allocation system, double-lung transplantation was associated with better graft survival than single-lung transplantation in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis but not in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.
This Viewpoint describes the benefits of, evidence behind, and prescriber concerns with mandates, and recommends policies that may increase effective use of prescription drug monitoring programs.
This Viewpoint discusses new challenges and opportunities related to the care of critically ill patients.
This Viewpoint debates the guidance on ethics for studies that compare interventions within established standards of care.
This Viewpoint discusses how the Center for Medicare and Medicaid’s use of Patient Safety Indicator-90 in pay-for-performance programs falls short in its attempt to accurately and fairly measure patient harm.
This clinical review summarizes the diagnosis and treatment of patients with IBS, including dietary, lifestyle, medical, and behavioral interventions.
This JAMA Clinical Evidence Synopsis summarizes data from a Cochrane review of pharmacological interventions for sleepiness and sleep disturbances caused by shift work.
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