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October 2017 - July 1883

Decade

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Issue

October 13, 2015, Vol 314, No. 14, Pages 1421-1534

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1421-1423. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.12019
Viewpoint

New Therapies in the Treatment of High CholesterolAn Argument to Return to Goal-Based Lipid Guidelines

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1443-1444. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10017

This Viewpoint discusses the need to achieve consensus around management strategies for patients with hyperlipidemia when proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK-9) inhibitors enter the marketplace.

Value-Based Payments Require Valuing What Matters to Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1445-1446. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8909

This Viewpoint emphasizes the inclusion of actual patient values in developing an effective value-based payment system.

Obstacles to Developing Cost-Lowering Health TechnologyThe Inventor’s Dilemma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1447-1448. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10114

This Viewpoint discusses obstacles and policy options for the development and adoption of cost-lowering health technologies in the United States.

Health Care Scheduling and AccessA Report From the IOM

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1449-1450. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.9431

This Viewpoint discusses the importance of timeliness in quality of health care and summarizes strategies for improving wait times and access to care.

A Piece of My Mind

Armchairs and Bow Ties

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1451-1452. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7651
Editorial

Addressing the Opioid Epidemic

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1453-1454. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12397

Measuring Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae in the United StatesA Critical Step for Control

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1455-1456. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.11629

JAMA CardiologyA New Member of the JAMA Network Family of Journals

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1457-1458. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12867
Original Investigation

Early Physical Therapy vs Usual Care in Patients With Recent-Onset Low Back PainA Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1459-1467. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.11648

This randomized trial evaluates whether early physical therapy is more effective than usual care for improving disability in patients with recent-onset low back pain.

Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use and Use Disorders Among Adults Aged 18 Through 64 Years in the United States, 2003-2013

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1468-1478. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.11859

This population epidemiology study uses national survey data to characterize national trends in prescription opioid use and opiod use disorders and related mortality.

Epidemiology of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae in 7 US Communities, 2012-2013

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1479-1487. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12480

This population epidemiology study characterizes the incidence, clinical characteristics, and resistance mechanisms of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolated from patients who received care in 7 US metropolitan areas between 2012 and 2013.

Association Between Hospitalization With Community-Acquired Laboratory-Confirmed Influenza Pneumonia and Prior Receipt of Influenza Vaccination

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1488-1497. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12160

This case-control study investigates the association between influenza vaccination and subsequent hospitalization for community-acquired influenza pneumonia.

Review

Evaluation and Treatment of PericarditisA Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1498-1506. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12763

This systematic review summarizes published evidence on the causes, diagnosis, therapy, prevention, and prognosis of pericarditis.

From the JAMA Network

Alternative Tobacco Products as a Second Front in the War on Tobacco

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1507-1508. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.11394

This commentary discusses the regulatory implications of the association between early use by youth of alternative tobacco products, such as water pipe tobacco and snus, and later cigarette smoking, as reported in a cohort study published in JAMA Pediatrics.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Glycemic Control in Older Adults With Diabetes Mellitus

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1509-1510. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8345

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the 2013 updates to the American Geriatrics Society’s guideline for improving the care of older adults with diabetes.

Research Letter

Changes in Substance Abuse Treatment Use Among Individuals With Opioid Use Disorders in the United States, 2004-2013

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1515-1517. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10345

This study used National Survey of Drug Use and Health data to assess substance use treatment trends among individuals aged 12 years or older with opioid use disorders.

Comment & Response

Accommodated MCAT Time and Performance Measurements

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1517-1518. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10741

Accommodated MCAT Time and Performance Measurements—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1518. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10744

Clinical Decision Support Systems and Advanced Diagnostic Imaging

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1518-1519. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10919

Remote Ischemic Preconditioning and Postoperative Renal Dysfunction

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1519-1520. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10543

Clinical Decision Support Systems and Advanced Diagnostic Imaging—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1519. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10922

Remote Ischemic Preconditioning and Postoperative Renal Dysfunction—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1520. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10550

Notice of Retraction: Ahimastos AA, et al. Effect of Ramipril on Walking Times and Quality of Life Among Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease and Intermittent Claudication: A Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA. 2013;309(5):453-460.

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1520-1521. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10811
Correction

Clarification of the Number of References and Studies Used in Review

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1521. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12071
Medical News & Perspectives

Exercise and Gardening Programs as Tools to Reduce Community Violence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1435-1437. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.9002

This Medical News and Perspectives piece introduces some of the public health initiatives aimed at mitigating community violence by creating safe common spaces where residents can participate in physical fitness and urban gardening.

The JAMA Forum

Community Approaches to the Opioid Crisis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1437-1438. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12346
Capitol Health Call

Safety of Feminine Hygiene Products Called Into Question

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1439. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.11984

Bill Would Allow Moral and Religious Objections to Health Care Services

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1439. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12649

Proposed Legislation to Address HIV in Minority Communities

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1439. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12651

Proposed Legislation Takes Aim at Childhood Cancers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1439. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12653
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

School Menus Improve but Need Work

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1440. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12510

Plague Increase in Western US

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1440. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12513
The Art of JAMA

BarracksTaneyuki (Dan) Harada

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1432-1433. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.12021
Poetry and Medicine

Mountain Clinic in Honduras

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1523. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7716
JAMA Revisited

A Doctor’s Dilemma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(14):1524. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.12028
JAMA Patient Page

Proper Care of Contact Lenses

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1534. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12468
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1425-1426. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.12020
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