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September 2023 - July 1883




October 13, 2015, Vol 314, No. 14, Pages 1421-1534

In This Issue of JAMA


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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1421-1423. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.12019
Original Investigation

Early Physical Therapy vs Usual Care in Patients With Recent-Onset Low Back Pain: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1459-1467. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.11648

This randomized trial evaluates whether early physical therapy is more effective than usual care for improving disability in patients with recent-onset low back pain.

Nonmedical Prescription Opioid Use and Use Disorders Among Adults Aged 18 Through 64 Years in the United States, 2003-2013

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1468-1478. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.11859

This population epidemiology study uses national survey data to characterize national trends in prescription opioid use and opiod use disorders and related mortality.

Epidemiology of Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae in 7 US Communities, 2012-2013

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1479-1487. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12480

This population epidemiology study characterizes the incidence, clinical characteristics, and resistance mechanisms of carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae isolated from patients who received care in 7 US metropolitan areas between 2012 and 2013.

Association Between Hospitalization With Community-Acquired Laboratory-Confirmed Influenza Pneumonia and Prior Receipt of Influenza Vaccination

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1488-1497. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12160

This case-control study investigates the association between influenza vaccination and subsequent hospitalization for community-acquired influenza pneumonia.

Research Letter

Changes in Substance Abuse Treatment Use Among Individuals With Opioid Use Disorders in the United States, 2004-2013

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1515-1517. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10345

This study used National Survey of Drug Use and Health data to assess substance use treatment trends among individuals aged 12 years or older with opioid use disorders.


New Therapies in the Treatment of High Cholesterol: An Argument to Return to Goal-Based Lipid Guidelines

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1443-1444. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10017

This Viewpoint discusses the need to achieve consensus around management strategies for patients with hyperlipidemia when proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK-9) inhibitors enter the marketplace.

Value-Based Payments Require Valuing What Matters to Patients

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1445-1446. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8909

This Viewpoint emphasizes the inclusion of actual patient values in developing an effective value-based payment system.

Obstacles to Developing Cost-Lowering Health Technology: The Inventor’s Dilemma

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1447-1448. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10114

This Viewpoint discusses obstacles and policy options for the development and adoption of cost-lowering health technologies in the United States.

Health Care Scheduling and Access: A Report From the IOM

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1449-1450. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.9431

This Viewpoint discusses the importance of timeliness in quality of health care and summarizes strategies for improving wait times and access to care.

A Piece of My Mind

Armchairs and Bow Ties

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1451-1452. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7651

Addressing the Opioid Epidemic

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1453-1454. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12397

Measuring Carbapenem-Resistant Enterobacteriaceae in the United States: A Critical Step for Control

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1455-1456. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.11629

JAMA Cardiology: A New Member of the JAMA Network Family of Journals

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1457-1458. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12867

Evaluation and Treatment of Pericarditis: A Systematic Review

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1498-1506. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12763

This systematic review summarizes published evidence on the causes, diagnosis, therapy, prevention, and prognosis of pericarditis.

From the JAMA Network

Alternative Tobacco Products as a Second Front in the War on Tobacco

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1507-1508. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.11394

This commentary discusses the regulatory implications of the association between early use by youth of alternative tobacco products, such as water pipe tobacco and snus, and later cigarette smoking, as reported in a cohort study published in JAMA Pediatrics.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Glycemic Control in Older Adults With Diabetes Mellitus

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1509-1510. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8345

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the 2013 updates to the American Geriatrics Society’s guideline for improving the care of older adults with diabetes.

Medical News & Perspectives

Exercise and Gardening Programs as Tools to Reduce Community Violence

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1435-1437. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.9002

This Medical News and Perspectives piece introduces some of the public health initiatives aimed at mitigating community violence by creating safe common spaces where residents can participate in physical fitness and urban gardening.

The JAMA Forum

Community Approaches to the Opioid Crisis

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1437-1438. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12346
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

School Menus Improve but Need Work

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1440. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12510

Plague Increase in Western US

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1440. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12513
Capitol Health Call

Safety of Feminine Hygiene Products Called Into Question

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1439. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.11984

Bill Would Allow Moral and Religious Objections to Health Care Services

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1439. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12649

Proposed Legislation to Address HIV in Minority Communities

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1439. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12651

Proposed Legislation Takes Aim at Childhood Cancers

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1439. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12653
The Art of JAMA

Barracks: Taneyuki (Dan) Harada

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1432-1433. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.12021
Poetry and Medicine

Mountain Clinic in Honduras

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1523. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7716
JAMA Revisited

A Doctor’s Dilemma

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1524. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.12028
JAMA Patient Page

Proper Care of Contact Lenses

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1534. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12468
Comment & Response

Accommodated MCAT Time and Performance Measurements

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1517-1518. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10741

Accommodated MCAT Time and Performance Measurements—Reply

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1518. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10744

Clinical Decision Support Systems and Advanced Diagnostic Imaging

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1518-1519. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10919

Remote Ischemic Preconditioning and Postoperative Renal Dysfunction

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1519-1520. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10543

Clinical Decision Support Systems and Advanced Diagnostic Imaging—Reply

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1519. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10922

Remote Ischemic Preconditioning and Postoperative Renal Dysfunction—Reply

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1520. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10550

Notice of Retraction: Ahimastos AA, et al. Effect of Ramipril on Walking Times and Quality of Life Among Patients With Peripheral Artery Disease and Intermittent Claudication: A Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA. 2013;309(5):453-460.

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1520-1521. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10811

Clarification of the Number of References and Studies Used in Review

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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1521. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12071
JAMA Masthead


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JAMA. 2015;314(14):1425-1426. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.12020