This randomized trial evaluates if early administration of azithromycin, started prior to the onset of severe lower respiratory tract illness (LRTI) symptoms, in preschool children with recurrent severe LRTIs can prevent the progression of these episodes.
This analysis of data from the NCDR CathPCI registry reports that hospital volumes of nonacute percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), and proportions of PCI classified as inappropriate, have decreased since publication of the Appropriate Use Criteria for Coronary Revascularization.
This ecologic study examines changes in prostate cancer incidence and PSA screening rate among men 50 years and older in relation to US Preventive Services Task Force screening recommendations using registry and survey data.
This retrospective investigation of Medicare claims data compared the risk of anaphylaxis among intravenous iron products.
This observational study examines prostate-specific antigen screening data from the National Health Interview Survey from 2000-2013 to determine the prevalence and determinants of screening before and after the 2012 US Preventive Services Task Force recommendations against such screening.
This randomized clinical trial of young healthy volunteers assessed the association between energy drink consumption and cardiovascular responses.
This Viewpoint discusses the risks and benefits of antimicrobial use, an approach to decision making in prescribing antimicrobials, and the next steps in improving infection management for patients at the end of life.
This Viewpoint discusses the numbers of children living in poverty and receiving benefits for mental disabilities and potential considerations for improvement of the Supplemental Security Income program for children with mental disorders.
This Viewpoint clarifies US Preventive Services Task Force recommendations as they apply to insurance coverage under the Affordable Care Act.
This Viewpoint discusses the need for well-defined strategies to prevent neonatal abstinence syndrome.
This commentary discusses a retrospective review of Pediatric Health Information System data recently published in JAMA Pediatrics that compared use of ultrasound and computed tomography among children with appendicitis.
A 37-year-old woman presented with worsening swelling and itching in the red ink area of a recent tattoo. There was no abnormality over the black ink area. She had a white blood cell count of 10 000 cells/µL, normal hemoglobin level, and normal platelet count.What would you do next?
A 59-year-old white man was found to have an enlarged prostate without nodules after undergoing a digital rectal examination. He had no family history of prostate cancer. His prostate-specific antigen (PSA) levels slowly increased over the past dacade. How do you interpret the results of his PSA history?
This Medical News and Perspective piece discusses more recent approaches and challenges in health forecasting using Twitter data streams.