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June 2022 - July 1883




December 22/29, 2015, Vol 314, No. 24, Pages 2591-2701

In This Issue of JAMA

In This Issue of JAMA

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2591-2593. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.12159
Original Investigation

Ovarian Suppression With Triptorelin During Adjuvant Breast Cancer Chemotherapy and Long-term Ovarian Function, Pregnancies, and Disease-Free Survival: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2632-2640. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17291

This randomized clinical trial evaluates the effects of ovarian suppression using the luteinizing hormone–releasing hormone analogue triptorelin on long-term ovarian function, pregnancies, and disease-free survival among premenopausal women receiving adjuvant breast cancer chemotherapy.

Effect of Opioids vs NSAIDs and Larger vs Smaller Chest Tube Size on Pain Control and Pleurodesis Efficacy Among Patients With Malignant Pleural Effusion: The TIME1 Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2641-2653. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16840

This 2×2 factorial randomized trial compares the effects of larger vs smaller chest tube size and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs vs opiates on pain and efficacy of pleurodesis in patients with malignant pleural effusion.

Live-Birth Rate Associated With Repeat In Vitro Fertilization Treatment Cycles

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2654-2662. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17296

This study uses national United Kingdom in vitro fertilization (IVF) data to investigate the live-birth rate per IVF cycle and cumulative live-birth rate across all cycles by women’s age and treatment type between 2003 and 2010.

Acute Flaccid Myelitis of Unknown Etiology in California, 2012-2015

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2663-2671. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17275

This case series describes the clinical characteristics and natural course of patients with acute flaccid paralysis reported to the California Department of Public Health between June 2012 and July 2015, and compares case incidence during a US enterovirus D68 outbreak with other monitoring periods.

Research Letter

Association of Paid Sick Leave With Job Retention and Financial Burden Among Working Patients With Colorectal Cancer

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2688-2690. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.12383

This study uses data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results database to examine the association between access to paid sick leave and job retention and personal financial burden among patients with colorectal cancer.


Making Physical Activity Counseling a Priority in Clinical Practice: The Time for Action Is Now

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2617-2618. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16244

This Viewpoint discusses the importance of including physical activity counseling in patient encounters and provides tools for efficiently integrating this activity into busy clinical settings.

The End of the One-Child Policy: Lasting Implications for China

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2619-2620. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16279

This Viewpoint discusses aspects of the one-child policy in China and speculates on the future of the population with the newly announced two-child policy.

The Sustainable Development Goals: One-Health in the World’s Development Agenda

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2621-2622. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16281

This Viewpoint discusses financial, political, and practical challenges to realizing the United Nations’ 2015 Sustainable Development Goals.

A Piece of My Mind

Responding to Suffering

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2623-2624. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.13004

Prevention of Premature Menopause and Preservation of Fertility in Young Cancer Survivors: Hopeful Though Modest Long-term Results

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2625-2627. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17299

Repeated In Vitro Fertilization Cycles for Infertility

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2627-2629. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17297

Use of Clinical Prediction Rules for Guiding Use of Computed Tomography in Adults With Head Trauma

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2629-2631. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17298
The Rational Clinical Examination

Will Neuroimaging Reveal a Severe Intracranial Injury in This Adult With Minor Head Trauma?The Rational Clinical Examination Systematic Review

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2672-2681. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16316

This Rational Clinical Examination systematic review summarizes the accuracy of symptoms and signs for revealing severe intracranial injury in adults with minor head trauma.

From the JAMA Network

Smartphone-Based Visual Acuity Measurement for Screening and Clinical Assessment

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2682-2683. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.15855

This commentary discusses a study published in JAMA Ophthalmology that describes the accuracy of a smartphone-based visual acuity test for detecting visual impairment in rural Kenya.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Pharmacologic Management of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2684-2685. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16943

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the American Gastroenterological Association’s 2014 guideline on pharmacologic management of irritable bowel syndrome.

Medical News & Perspectives

Collaboration and Conflict: Looking Back at the 30-Year History of the AIDS Clinical Trials Group

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2604-2607. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14848

This Medical News and Perspectives piece recounts the 30-year history of the AIDS Clinical Trials Group, detailing the many challenges and obstacles along the road to developing an effective treatment against HIV.

News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Challenges for Kids With Seizures

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2609. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17191

Weighty Issue During Pregnancy

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2609. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17222
Clinical Trials Update

Diabetics May Benefit From Moderate Wine Consumption

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2608. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16711

Online Therapy Reduces Suicide Ideation in Medical Interns

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2608. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17187

ACE Inhibitors of Little Benefit to Kidney Transplant Patients

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2608. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17189
Health Agencies Update

Obesity-Related Medical Care Costs Medicaid $8 Billion a Year

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2607. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16829

Marijuana Use Has Doubled Among US Adults

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2607. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17171

Four New CRISPR Nucleases Characterized

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2607. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17173
The Art of JAMA

Christmas Night (The Blessing of the Oxen): Paul Gauguin

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2602-2603. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.12161
Poetry and Medicine


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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2694. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.10471
JAMA Revisited

The Optimum Population for the United States

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2695. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.12168
JAMA Patient Page

Liver Cancer

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2701. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.15425
Comment & Response

Use of Observation Stays in Calculating Hospitalizations Among Medicare Beneficiaries

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2690-2691. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.15049

Competition and Biosimilar Products

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2691-2692. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.15052

Use of Observation Stays in Calculating Hospitalizations Among Medicare Beneficiaries—Reply

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2691. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.15064

Competition and Biosimilar Products—Reply

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2692. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.15058

Notice of Retraction: Ahimastos AA, et al. Effect of Perindopril on Large Artery Stiffness and Aortic Root Diameter in Patients With Marfan Syndrome: A Randomized Controlled Trial. JAMA. 2007;298(13):1539-1547.

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2692-2693. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16678

Clarification of Sentence

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2693. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16286

Incorrect Data in a Table

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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2693. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16345
JAMA Masthead


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(24):2595-2596. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.12160