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April 2021 - July 1883




July 21, 2015, Vol 314, No. 3, Pages 203-310

In This Issue of JAMA


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JAMA. 2015;314(3):203-205. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11865
Original Investigation

Effect of Varying Doses of a Monovalent H7N9 Influenza Vaccine With and Without AS03 and MF59 Adjuvants on Immune Response: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):237-246. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7916

This randomized trial compares the immunogenicity and safety of avian influenza A(H7N9) vaccines that differ by adjuvant type and dosing schedule.

Association of Bystander Interventions With Neurologically Intact Survival Among Patients With Bystander-Witnessed Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in Japan

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):247-254. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8068

This population epidemiology study uses data from a Japanese national registry to characterize trends in use of chest compression and defibrillation by bystanders and associated rates of neurologically intact survival among patients with out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

Association of Bystander and First-Responder Intervention With Survival After Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest in North Carolina, 2010-2013

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):255-264. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7938

This epidemiology study uses registry data to investigate the prevalence of bystander- and first responder–initiated cardiopulmonary resuscitation in North Carolina and associations with survival after cardiac arrest.

Pioglitazone Use and Risk of Bladder Cancer and Other Common Cancers in Persons With Diabetes

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):265-277. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7996

This pharmacoepidemiology study uses Kaiser Permanente diabetes registry data to investigate associations between prescriptions for pioglitazone and bladder, prostate, breast, and other cancers.

Research Letter

Change in International Normalized Ratio Among Patients Treated With Dicloxacillin and Vitamin K Antagonists

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):296-297. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6669

This study from Denmark used a clinical database to analyze drug interaction outcomes of patients treated with dicloxacillin and vitamin K antagonists.


Scientific Discovery and the Future of Medicine

How the New Neuroscience Will Advance Medicine

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):221-222. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.3298

This Viewpoint describes recent advances in neuroscience and genetics that will inform new approaches and treatments based on an understanding of the biological processes underlying brain disorders.

Strategies to Improve Survival From Cardiac Arrest: A Report From the Institute of Medicine

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):223-224. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8454

This Viewpoint introduces a newly released Institute of Medicine report describing many actions that stakeholders across the United States can take to improve outcomes from cardiac arrest.

Competition in the Age of Biosimilars

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):225-226. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6170

This Viewpoint discusses how the competition created by biosimilars is different from competition from generic drugs and proposes ways in which public policy might increase the competitive benefits of biosimilars.

The Americans With Disabilities Act and HIV/AIDS Discrimination: Unfinished Business

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):227-228. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6637

This Viewpoint discusses the role the Americans with Disabilities Act could play in ensuring that persons with HIV/AIDS can access health care without stigma and discrimination.

A Piece of My Mind

Learning to Breathe

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):229-230. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.3448

Bystander Interventions Can Improve Outcomes From Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):231-232. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7519

The Safety of Prescription Drugs

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):233-234. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7151

Evaluating Research on the Safety of Medical Therapies: The Responsibility of Journals to the Health of the Public

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):235-236. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8232

Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):278-288. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7505

This review article reports that therapy for atrial fibrillation should include rate control for all patients, but maintenance of sinus rhythm with drugs or catheter ablation should be considered on an individual patient basis.

From the JAMA Network

Care Bundles and Prevention of Surgical Site Infection in Colorectal Surgery

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):289-290. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.4473

This From The JAMA Network article discusses a retrospective study published in JAMA Surgery reporting the effect of a preventive care bundle on surgical site infection rates and costs in colorectal surgery.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Management of Anticoagulation in Patients With Atrial Fibrillation

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):291-292. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.3088

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis article summarizes the evidence for management of anticoagulation therapy in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Medical News & Perspectives

Genomic Technologies Speed Pathogen Detection

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):212-214. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.3140

This article discusses advances in genomic technologies that have improved the efficiency and tractibility of pathogen discovery, detection, and tracking clinical and public health settings.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

Thumbs Up for PCSK9 Inhibitors

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):217. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7582

Soft Tissue Filler Alert

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):217. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8139

Children’s Antiretroviral Combo

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):217. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8143
The JAMA Forum

Back to the Future: Volume as a Quality Metric

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):214-215. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7580
Global Health

Attacks on Health Increasing in Conflict-Ridden Countries

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):216. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7288

Liberia Carries Out Vaccination Campaign

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):216. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8114

Study Reveals Benefit of Early Antiretroviral Treatment

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):216. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8118

Multipronged Approach Helps Alleviate Poverty

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):216. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8119
The Art of JAMA

Untitled, Bronx Storefront, “La Rumba Supermarket” : Emilio Sánchez

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):210-211. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11867
Poetry and Medicine

Thoracic Park

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):301. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.3677
JAMA Revisited

New Opportunities in Health Broadcasting

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):302. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11874
JAMA Patient Page

Preventing Stroke in People With Atrial Fibrillation

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):310. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6779
Comment & Response

Single-Gene Genotyping and Personalized Preventive Care

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):297-298. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6218

Single-Gene Genotyping and Personalized Preventive Care—Reply

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):298. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6233

Single-Gene Genotyping and Personalized Preventive Care—Reply

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):298-299. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6236

Exemptions to Vaccination for Children

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):299. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6610

Exemptions to Vaccination for Children—Reply

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JAMA. 2015;314(3):299-300. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6615
JAMA Masthead


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JAMA. 2015;314(3):207-208. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11866