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August 4, 2015, Vol 314, No. 5, Pages 427-532 | Violence/Human Rights

In This Issue of JAMA


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(5):427-429. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11893
Original Investigation

Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder Among Veterans: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):456-465. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8361

This randomized trial reports that among veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), mindfulness-based stress reduction therapy modestly improved PTSD symptom severity compared with present-centered group therapy.

Brief Motivational Intervention for Intimate Partner Violence and Heavy Drinking in the Emergency Department: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):466-477. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8369

This randomized trial assessed the effectiveness of a brief motivational intervention for preventing heavy drinking and intimate partner violence among women in urban emergency departments (EDs) who experienced or were at risk for both.

Research Letter

Effect of Screening for Partner Violence on Use of Health Services at 3-Year Follow-up of a Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):515-516. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6755

This randomized clinical trial analyzes the effect of screening for partner violence on women’s use of health services over 3 years.

Sexual Violence and HIV Infection Associated With Adolescent vs Adult Entry Into the Sex Trade in Mexico

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):516-518. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7376

This sampling of sex workers in Mexico investigated entry in the sex trade as an adolescent vs as an adult and risk for human immunodeficiency virus infection and sexual violence.

Special Communication

Violence in the United States: Status, Challenges, and Opportunities

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2015;314(5):478-488. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8371

This Special Communication reviews data from several health and law enforcement surveillance systems to determine the burden of interpersonal violence in the United States and to explore challenges to and identify opportunities for prevention.


The State of the World’s Refugees: The Importance of Work, Cash Assistance, and Health Insurance

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):445-446. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8767

This Viewpoint from the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees outlines strategies for changing refugee assistance in an era of widespread conflict and population displacment.

Sexual Assaults Among University Students: Prevention, Support, and Justice

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):447-448. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6330

This Viewpoint proposes ways that universities can help prevent student sexual assault, fairly adjudicate claims, and support and reintegrate survivors of assault.

Physician Counseling on Firearm Safety: A New Kind of Cultural Competence

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):449-450. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7055

This Viewpoint discusses the need for physicians to develop cultural competence in firearm safety counseling as a strategy to improve patient and public health.

A Piece of My Mind

Lessons of the Gacaca

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):451-452. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6829

Broadening the Approach to Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and the Consequences of Trauma

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):453-455. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7522

Psychotherapy for Military-Related PTSD: A Review of Randomized Clinical Trials

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):489-500. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8370

This review article reports that many military personnel and veterans with posttraumatic stress disorder achieve clinically meaningful improvement with use of the first-line trauma-focused interventions cognitive processing therapy and prolonged exposure.

The Rational Clinical Examination

Does This Patient Have Posttraumatic Stress Disorder?Rational Clinical Examination Systematic Review

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):501-510. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.7877

This Rational Clinical Examination Systematic Review examines the utility of self-report screening instruments for posttraumatic stress disorder among primary care and high-risk populations.

From the JAMA Network

Psychological Treatments for Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by Traumatic Events and Chronic Adversity in Sub-Saharan Africa

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):511-512. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8383

This From The JAMA Network describes a recently published study in JAMA Pediatrics that assessed trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy for orphans and vulnerable children with trauma-related symptoms in Zambia.

Medical News & Perspectives

The Role of University Health Centers in Intervention and Prevention of Campus Sexual Assault

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):438-440. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8213

This Medical News and Perspectives piece discusses the role of campus health services in sexual assault prevention and intervention initiatives, highlighting the challenges college communities face in mitigating assault.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

Partially Hydrogenated Oils Are Out

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):443. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8387

Less Leakage With New Heart Valve

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):443. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.9096

“Lollipop” Provides Vision Assist

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):443. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.9098

New Deep Brain Stimulation Device

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):443. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.9102
The JAMA Forum

A New Focus on Prescription Drug Spending

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):440-441. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8733
Lab Reports

New Study of Candidate Vaccine to Prevent Chlamydia

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):442. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8389

New Insights on How Propranolol May Alleviate PTSD

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):442. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8966

HIV Vaccine Strategies Use Broadly Neutralizing Antibody Approach

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):442. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8968
The Art of JAMA

March Through a Swamp in Pursuit of Slaves: John Gabriel Stedman

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):434-435. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11895
Poetry and Medicine

To My Husband

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):521. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.3932
JAMA Revisited

Psychiatric Evaluation of Those Returning from Combat

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):522. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11902
JAMA Patient Page

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(5):532. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8109
Comment & Response

Medical Scribes and Electronic Health Records

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):518-519. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6947

Medical Scribes and Electronic Health Records

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):519. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6944

Medical Scribes and Electronic Health Records—Reply

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):519-520. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.6952

Incorrect Figure Label

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JAMA. 2015;314(5):520. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.8253
JAMA Masthead


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2015;314(5):431-432. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.11894