[Skip to Content]
[Skip to Content Landing]

October 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

April 5, 2016, Vol 315, No. 13, Pages 1309-1419

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1309-1311. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14188
Original Investigation

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Effect of Noninvasive Ventilation on Tracheal Reintubation Among Patients With Hypoxemic Respiratory Failure Following Abdominal Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1345-1353. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2706

This randomized trial evaluates whether noninvasive ventilation improves 7-day tracheal reintubation and other outcomes compared with standard oxygen therapy among patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure after abdominal surgery.

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Effect of Postextubation High-Flow Nasal Cannula vs Conventional Oxygen Therapy on Reintubation in Low-Risk Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1354-1361. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2711

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy vs conventional oxygen therapy on risk of reintubation among mechanically ventilated patients at low risk for reintubation.

Change in Pain and Physical Function Following Bariatric Surgery for Severe Obesity

Abstract Full Text
free access has multimedia has audio
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1362-1371. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3010

This cohort study compares changes in physical function and pain among obese patients 1 to 3 years after bariatric surgery (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding).

Research Letter

Expenditures and Prices of Antihyperglycemic Medications in the United States: 2002-2013

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1400-1402. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0126

This pharmacoeconomic study uses MEPS data to compare trends in expenditure and price of antihyperglycemic medications in the United States from 2002 through 2013.

Special Communication

USPSTF Recommendation Statement

Screening for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1372-1377. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2638

This Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends against screening for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in asymptomatic adults.

Viewpoint

Era 3 for Medicine and Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1329-1330. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1509

In this Viewpoint, Berwick discusses 2 “eras” of the medical profession and offers changes that would be useful to move into a new “moral era.”

How Well Is the Affordable Care Act Doing?Reasons for Optimism

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1331-1332. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2556

This Viewpoint summarizes the performance to date of the Affordable Care Act and discusses additional laws and regulations that might be needed to ensure continued reform.

Better Health Care: A Way Forward

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1333-1334. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0590

This Viewpoint discusses what can realistically be expected from the US health care system and how the nation achieve it.

Halfway There? Health Reform Starts Now

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1335-1336. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1732

This Viewpoint discusses how clinicians, institutions, community members, and patients could extend the reach of health care coverage and promote healthful behaviors through partnerships.

A Piece of My Mind

Say What You Mean, Mean What You Say

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1337-1338. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.18910
Editorial

The Future of US Health Care Policy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1339-1340. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2447

High-Flow Nasal Oxygen or Noninvasive Ventilation for Postextubation Hypoxemia: Flow vs Pressure?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1340-1342. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2709

Screening, Case-Finding, and Outcomes for Adults With Unrecognized COPD

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1343-1344. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3274
Review

Evidence Report for the USPSTF

Screening for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1378-1393. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2654

This systematic review to support the 2016 update of the US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on screening asymptomatic adults for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) summarizes evidence about the accuracy of questionnaires and office-based pulmonary function testing as screening tests for COPD and about the efficacy and harms of treating screen-detected COPD.

From the JAMA Network

Actinic Keratosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1394-1395. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3065

This commentary discusses a randomized clinical trial published in JAMA Dermatology that compared treatment of actinic keratosis with a single course of topical 5% fluorouracil cream vs a vehicle control cream.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

Postprocedural Blue Toes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1396-1397. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1810

A man in his 70s with a history of recent CABG surgery presented with blue, tender plantar macules on several toes and red, tender macules on his hands. Laboratory findings included a BUN level of 70 mg/dL, serum creatinine level of 6.1 mg/dL, and peripheral eosinophilia. What would you do next?

Medical News & Perspectives

US Hospitals Prepare for Penis Transplants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1322-1324. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0209

This Medical News & Perspectives story discusses the clinical advances and future promise of penis transplants.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

New Option for Treating Epilepsy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1328. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2689

Another Call to Switch Reprocessors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1328. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2757

Skull Clamps Are Slipping

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1328. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2765
The JAMA Forum

Replacing the Affordable Care Act and Other Suggested Reforms

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1324-1325. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19499
JAMA Infographic

Visualizing Health Policy

Recent Trends in Prescription Drug Costs

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1326. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2646
Lab Reports

Compound Reverses Memory Deficits in Model of Schizophrenia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1327. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2507

Sialylated Sugars in Breast Milk Help Gut Microbes Promote Infant Growth

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1327. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3234

Noncoding RNA May Help Treat Heart Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1327. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3236
The Art of JAMA

Into Bondage: Aaron Douglas

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1318-1319. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14190
Poetry and Medicine

MRI

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1407. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2443
JAMA Revisited

E Pluribus Unum Forever

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1408. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17080

Compulsory Health Insurance

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1408. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2728
JAMA Patient Page

Screening for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1419. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3322
Comment & Response

Breast Cancer Screening: Benefit or Harm?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1402. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19126

Breast Cancer Screening: Benefit or Harm?—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1402-1403. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19129

Clinical Breast Examination and Breast Cancer Screening Guideline

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1403-1404. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0686

Screening Mammography and Age Recommendations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1404-1405. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19072

Clinical Breast Examination and Breast Cancer Screening Guideline—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1404. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0689

Screening Mammography and Age Recommendations—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1405. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19090
Correction

Typographical Error and Added Reference

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1406. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3022

Unclear Information in Table

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1406. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3295

Incorrect Data in 2 Tables

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1406. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3404
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(13):1313-1314. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14189
×