This randomized trial evaluates whether noninvasive ventilation improves 7-day tracheal reintubation and other outcomes compared with standard oxygen therapy among patients with hypoxemic acute respiratory failure after abdominal surgery.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of high-flow nasal cannula oxygen therapy vs conventional oxygen therapy on risk of reintubation among mechanically ventilated patients at low risk for reintubation.
This cohort study compares changes in physical function and pain among obese patients 1 to 3 years after bariatric surgery (Roux-en-Y gastric bypass or laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding).
This pharmacoeconomic study uses MEPS data to compare trends in expenditure and price of antihyperglycemic medications in the United States from 2002 through 2013.
This Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends against screening for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in asymptomatic adults.
In this Viewpoint, Berwick discusses 2 “eras” of the medical profession and offers changes that would be useful to move into a new “moral era.”
This Viewpoint summarizes the performance to date of the Affordable Care Act and discusses additional laws and regulations that might be needed to ensure continued reform.
This Viewpoint discusses what can realistically be expected from the US health care system and how the nation achieve it.
This Viewpoint discusses how clinicians, institutions, community members, and patients could extend the reach of health care coverage and promote healthful behaviors through partnerships.
This systematic review to support the 2016 update of the US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on screening asymptomatic adults for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) summarizes evidence about the accuracy of questionnaires and office-based pulmonary function testing as screening tests for COPD and about the efficacy and harms of treating screen-detected COPD.
This commentary discusses a randomized clinical trial published in JAMA Dermatology that compared treatment of actinic keratosis with a single course of topical 5% fluorouracil cream vs a vehicle control cream.
A man in his 70s with a history of recent CABG surgery presented with blue, tender plantar macules on several toes and red, tender macules on his hands. Laboratory findings included a BUN level of 70 mg/dL, serum creatinine level of 6.1 mg/dL, and peripheral eosinophilia. What would you do next?
This Medical News & Perspectives story discusses the clinical advances and future promise of penis transplants.
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