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May 2023 - July 1883




May 17, 2016, Vol 315, No. 19, Pages 2041-2136

In This Issue of JAMA


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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2041-2043. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14266
Original Investigation

Effect of Early Prophylactic High-Dose Recombinant Human Erythropoietin in Very Preterm Infants on Neurodevelopmental Outcome at 2 Years: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2079-2085. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5504

This randomized clinical trial assesses whether prophylactic early high-dose recombinant human erythropoietin (rhEPO) improves neurodevelopmental outcome for preterm infants at 2 years’ corrected age.

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Prevalence of and Factors Related to Discordance About Prognosis Between Physicians and Surrogate Decision Makers of Critically Ill Patients

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2086-2094. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5351

This study used survey and qualitative methods to characterize the frequency of and reasons for discordance in estimates of prognosis of critically ill patients made by physicians and surrogate decision makers.

Association of Hospital Critical Access Status With Surgical Outcomes and Expenditures Among Medicare Beneficiaries

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2095-2103. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5618

This hospital epidemiology study used MEDPAR file data to compare surgical outcomes and Medicare expenditures at critical access vs non–critical access hosptials.

Preliminary Communication

Association of Acute Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease With Esophageal Histologic Changes

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2104-2112. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5657

This study characterizes the histologic features of esophageal inflammation in patients with acute gastroesophageal reflux disease during and after discontinuation of proton pump inhibitor treatment.

Research Letter

Sexual Harassment and Discrimination Experiences of Academic Medical Faculty

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2120-2121. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2188

This survey study of recent National Institutes of Health career development (K) award recipients assessed the proportion who reported gender bias and advantage and sexual harrassment in their professional careers.


The New Era of Informed Consent: Getting to a Reasonable-Patient Standard Through Shared Decision Making

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2063-2064. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3070

This Viewpoint discusses the benefits of developing a patient-centered informed consent standard and the resources it would take to achieve it in practice.

Evidence-Based, Reality-Driven Colorectal Cancer Screening Guidelines: The Critical Relationship of Adherence to Effectiveness

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2065-2066. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3377

This Viewpoint discusses the need to account for clinician and patient adherence to colorectal cancer screening recommendations and barriers to implementation of screening programs in the choice of which tests to recommend in screening guidelines

Reducing Variation in the “Standard of Care” for Cancer Screening: Recommendations From the PROSPR Consortium

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2067-2068. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3067

This Viewpoint examines differences in the funding, quality, and reporting standards for breast, colorectal, and cervical cancer screening.

Utility of Cancer Value Frameworks for Patients, Payers, and Physicians

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2069-2070. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4915

This Viewpoint describes differences between various cancer value frameworks and provides recommendations for improving them for clinicians, patients, and payers.

A Piece of My Mind

My Name Is Not “Interpreter”

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2071-2072. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1249

In this essay, the author relays his personal experience with ethnicity-based discrimination and discusses the “microaggressions” that medical trainees from underrepresented groups based on race/ethnicity, gender, or sexual orientation experience.


Toward a Patient-Centered Value Framework in Oncology

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2073-2074. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4637

Communication With Family Caregivers in the Intensive Care Unit: Answers and Questions

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2075-2077. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5637

Turning the Pathogenesis of Acute Peptic Esophagitis Inside Out

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2077-2078. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5827
From the JAMA Network

Accurately Measuring Hospital Venous Thromboembolism Prevention Efforts

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2113-2114. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5422

This commentary discusses a cohort study published in JAMA Surgery that investigated the association between inpatient surveillance for venous thromboembolism and risk of postdischarge venous thromboembolism.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Surveillance Imaging in Patients in Remission From Hodgkin and Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2115-2116. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4913

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the National Comprehensive Cancer Network’s and European Society of Medical Oncology’s recent recommendations on follow-up imaging in patients in remission from Hodgkin and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

From The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics

Which Oral Anticoagulant for Atrial Fibrillation?

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2117-2118. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4917

This Medical Letter review summarizes the newly available oral anticoagulants and compares them with commonly prescribed warfarin.

Medical News & Perspectives

Miami Obstetrician Uses Evidence to Quell Zika Fears

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2051-2052. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4069

This Medical News & Perspectives story discusses Zika virus infection in pregnant women with Christine Curry, MD, PhD, of the University of Miami Miller School of Medicine.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

New Morcellation System Does Not Eliminate Cancer Risk

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2057. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5579

Leadless Pacemaker Approved

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2057. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5595

Second Biosimilar Approved

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2057. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5597
The JAMA Forum

Lead in the Water: A Tale of Social and Environmental Injustice

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2053-2054. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5581
Global Health

Impact of Syrian Conflict on Its Children

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2056. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4906

WHO Assesses Environmental Risks to Health

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2056. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5733

More Evidence Linking Zika Virus to Birth Defects

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2056. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5735
JAMA Infographic

Visualizing Health Metrics

Mortality in Children and Adolescents, 1990-2013

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2055. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5891
The Art of JAMA

Covered Wagon: Bror Julius Olsson Nordfeldt

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2048-2049. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14268
Poetry and Medicine

The Scent of Dandelion

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2126. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19294
JAMA Revisited

Tests in the Diagnosis of Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(19):2127. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17086
JAMA Patient Page

Preventing Venous Thromboembolism After Surgery

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2136. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1457
Comment & Response

Early Azithromycin Treatment to Prevent Severe Lower Respiratory Tract Illnesses in Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(19):2121-2122. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0918

Early Azithromycin Treatment to Prevent Severe Lower Respiratory Tract Illnesses in Children—Reply

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2122-2123. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0921

Leprosy as a Cause of Distal Symmetric Polyneuropathy

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2123. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1112

Leprosy as a Cause of Distal Symmetric Polyneuropathy—Reply

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2123-2124. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1118

Firearm Access and Risk of Suicide

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2124. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1068

Firearm Access and Risk of Suicide—Reply

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2124-2125. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1071

Error in Text

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2125. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5631

Error in Collaborator Name

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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2125. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5647
JAMA Masthead


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JAMA. 2016;315(19):2045-2046. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14267