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October 2021 - July 1883

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May 24/31, 2016, Vol 315, No. 20, Pages 2143-2248

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

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JAMA. 2016;315(20):2143-2145. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14279
Original Investigation

Effect of Endobronchial Coils vs Usual Care on Exercise Tolerance in Patients With Severe Emphysema: The RENEW Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2016;315(20):2178-2189. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6261

This randomized clinical trial compares the effectiveness and safety of bilateral endobronchial coil treatment vs usual care for improving exercise tolerance among patients with emphysema and severe lung hyperinflation.

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Effect of Early vs Delayed Initiation of Renal Replacement Therapy on Mortality in Critically Ill Patients With Acute Kidney Injury: The ELAIN Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2016;315(20):2190-2199. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5828

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of early vs delayed initiation of renal replacement therapy on 90-day all-cause mortality among critically ill patients with AKI.

Sodium Excretion and the Risk of Cardiovascular Disease in Patients With Chronic Kidney Disease

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JAMA. 2016;315(20):2200-2210. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4447

This cohort study investigates the association between urinary sodium excretion and heart failure, myocardial infarction, and stroke in patients with chronic kidney disease.

Association of Neighborhood Walkability With Change in Overweight, Obesity, and Diabetes

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JAMA. 2016;315(20):2211-2220. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5898

This population epidemiology study uses Canadian national health care and census data to estimate changes in overweight/obesity and diabetes prevalence by neighborhood walkability index between 2001 and 2012.

Research Letter

Treatment Indications for Antidepressants Prescribed in Primary Care in Quebec, Canada, 2006-2015

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JAMA. 2016;315(20):2230-2232. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3445

This pharmacoepidemiology study uses national Canadian electronic medical record data to describe treatment indications for antidepressants and temporal trends in antidepressant prescribing for depression in Quebec, Canada, from 2006 through 2015.

Viewpoint

Innovations in Health Care Delivery

Development and Implementation of Expected Practices to Reduce Inappropriate Variations in Clinical Practice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2163-2164. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4255

This Viewpoint describes approaches taken by the Los Angeles Department of Health Services to reduce clinical practice variaton across the system.

A Stronger Treatment System for Opioid Use Disorders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2165-2166. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3674

This Viewpoint proposes health care delivery and infrastructure reforms that would strengthen the US treatment system for opioid use disorders.

Measurement of the Patient Experience: Clarifying Facts, Myths, and Approaches

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2167-2168. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1652

In this Viewpoint, Medicare administrators describe the intended role and proper use of its Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (HCAHPS) survey as a measure of patients' hospital-based experience.

A Piece of My Mind

Black Lives

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2169-2170. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1689
Editorial

Early to Dialyze: Healthy and Wise?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2171-2172. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6210

Dietary Salt, Kidney Disease, and Cardiovascular Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2173-2174. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5985

Can Walkable Urban Design Play a Role in Reducing the Incidence of Obesity-Related Conditions?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2175-2177. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5635
JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Tinnitus

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2221-2222. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5209

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery’s 2014 clinical practice guideline on diagnosis and management of tinnitus.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

Persistent Rash in a Patient Receiving Total Parenteral Nutrition

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2223-2224. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4154

A 50-year old man receiving total parenteral nutrition presented with a desquamating rash on his face, scalp, inguinal region, and perineum as well as diffuse alopecia of the face, scalp, axillae, and groin. What would you do next?

JAMA Diagnostic Test Interpretation

Elevated Hemoglobin or Hematocrit Level

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2225-2226. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2435

A 71-year-old woman with recent fatigue and night sweats but no family history of blood disorders tested with an elevated hemoglobin level and a low-normal erythropoietin level. How do you interpret the test results?

Medical News & Perspectives

More Women With Breast Cancer Opt for Bilateral Mastectomy Despite Lack of Survival Benefit

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2154-2156. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3584

This Medical News feature looks at why an increasing number of women with breast cancer are choosing contralateral prophylactic mastectomy, as well as approaches to improve the decision-making process for women considering their surgical options.

The JAMA Forum

Reports of Obamacare’s Demise Are Greatly Exaggerated

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(20):2156-2157. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6398
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Students’ Shifting Tobacco Habits

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2160. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5968

Sleepy Teens Take More Risks

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2160. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6105
Clinical Trials Update

Gene Transfer Improves Heart Function in Patients With Heart Failure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2159. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5372

Best Way to Quit Smoking: Cold Turkey

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2159. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6211

CABG Delivers Survival Benefit in Ischemic Cardiomyopathy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2159. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6212
Health Agencies Update

Single Question Can Identify Youth at Risk for Alcohol Use Disorder

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2158. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5611

EPA Awards Climate Change Air Quality Grants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2158. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6159

National Institutes of Health Awards Vaccine Adjuvant Grants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2158. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6161
The Art of JAMA

A Rock on the Lukenia Hills: William R. Leigh

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2150-2151. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14281
Poetry and Medicine

Memorial Day

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2238. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4645
JAMA Revisited

Science and Practical Common Sense

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2239. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17087
JAMA Patient Page

Chronic Kidney Disease

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(20):2248. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1426
Comment & Response

Risk of Anaphylaxis With Intravenous Iron Products

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2232. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0962

Risk of Anaphylaxis With Intravenous Iron Products

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2232-2233. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0965

Intended vs Reported Scope of Practice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2233-2234. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1719

Intended vs Reported Scope of Practice—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2234-2235. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1727

Pimping as a Practice in Medical Education

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2235-2236. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1568

Pimping as a Practice in Medical Education

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2235. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1574

Pimping as a Practice in Medical Education

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2236. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1571

Pimping as a Practice in Medical Education—Reply

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JAMA. 2016;315(20):2236-2237. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1580

Pimping as a Practice in Medical Education—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(20):2237. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1582
Correction

Incorrect Data

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(20):2237. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5850

Incorrect Wording in Recommendations

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(20):2237. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5851
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(20):2147-2148. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14280
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