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September 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

June 7, 2016, Vol 315, No. 21, Pages 2251-2367

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2251-2253. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14292
Original Investigation

Trends in Obesity Among Adults in the United States, 2005 to 2014

Abstract Full Text
free access has multimedia has audio
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2284-2291. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6458

This study uses NHANES data through 2013-2014 to update previously reported trends in the prevalence of obesity in US adults.

Trends in Obesity Prevalence Among Children and Adolescents in the United States, 1988-1994 Through 2013-2014

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(21):2292-2299. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6361

This study uses National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data through 2013-2014 to update previously reported trends in the prevalence of obesity and extreme obesity in children and adolescents aged 2 to 19 years.

Development and Validation of Risk Models to Select Ever-Smokers for CT Lung Cancer Screening

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2300-2311. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6255

This study uses models derived from US Health survey data to compare the effects of risk-based vs recommendation-based computed tomography screening on screen-avertable lung cancer deaths and number needed to screen to prevent 1 lung cancer death over 5 years.

Association Between a Single General Anesthesia Exposure Before Age 36 Months and Neurocognitive Outcomes in Later Childhood

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2312-2320. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6967

This cohort study compares childhood IQ scores in siblings with vs without anesthesia exposure before age 3 years.

Research Letter

Trends in Gout and Rheumatoid Arthritis Hospitalizations in the United States, 1993-2011

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(21):2345-2347. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3517

This population epidemiology study uses Nationwide Inpatient Sample data to describe trends in US hospitalizations for gout and rheumatoid arthritis between 1993 and 2011.

US Preventive Services Task Force

Recommendation Statement

Screening for Syphilis Infection in Nonpregnant Adults and Adolescents: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2321-2327. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5824

This Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening for syphilis infection in people at increased risk for infection, including men who have sex with men and persons living with HIV.

Evidence Report

Screening for Syphilis: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2328-2337. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4114

This systematic review to support the 2016 update of the US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on screening for syphilis summarizes published evidence about the effectiveness of routine screening, accuracy of screening tests and strategies, and potential screening harms.

Viewpoint

Lifespan Weighed Down by Diet

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2269-2270. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3829

This Viewpoint discusses the possibility that declines in life expectancy from obesity-related chronic disease could reverse decades-long improvements in mortality trends, and proposes clinical and policy responses.

Specialty-Based Global Payment: A New Phase in Payment Reform

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2271-2272. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4318

This Viewpoint discusses Medicare’s new Oncology Care Model and how it may serve as a model for specialty-based global payment.

The Potential for Postrandomization Confounding in Randomized Clinical Trials

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2273-2274. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3676

In this Viewpoint, JoAnn Manson and colleagues discuss the risk of postrandomization “confounding,” a bias that can be introduced in long-duration trials of sustained interventions, using statin initiation after randomization in Women’s Health Initiative trials as an example.

A Piece of My Mind

You’ve Got Mail

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2275-2276. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1757
Editorial

The Unrelenting Challenge of Obesity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2277-2278. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6190

Who Should Be Screened for Lung Cancer? And Who Gets to Decide?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2279-2281. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5986

Syphilis on the Rise: What Went Wrong?

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2281-2283. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.7073
From the JAMA Network

Minimal Physical Health Risk Associated With Long-term Cannabis Use—But Buyer Beware

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2338-2339. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5181

This commentary discusses a cohort study published in JAMA Psychiatry that investigated associations between cannabis use over 20 years and physical health problems in midlife.

JAMA Clinical Evidence Synopsis

Treatment of Fatigue in Parkinson Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2340-2341. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5260

This Clinical Evidence Synopsis summarizes a Cochrane review on the efficacy of pharmacological and nonpharmacological interventions for patients with Parkinson disease experiencing fatigue.

Medical News & Perspectives

In Infants With Necrotizing Enterocolitis, Gut Dysbiosis Precedes Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2264-2265. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4341

This Medical News feature explores the association between dysbiosis in a preterm infant’s gut microbiome and the subsequent development of necrotizing enterocolitis.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

Fluconazole Under Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2268. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6558

Banning Electrical Shock Devices

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2268. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6560

Combination Treatment for COPD

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2268. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6562
The JAMA Forum

The Stars of Hospital Care: Useful or a Distraction?

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2265-2266. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5638
Lab Reports

Targeted Therapy Blocks Growth of Triple-Negative Breast Cancer in Mice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2267. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.5897

Research Uncovers Healthy People With Disease-Causing Mutations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2267. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6850

How Depressed Mood May Develop After Viral Infection

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2267. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.6852
The Art of JAMA

Woman at the Window: Caspar David Friedrich

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2258-2259. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14294
Poetry and Medicine

Travels in Time

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2354. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0552
JAMA Revisited

The Significance of Mortality Statistics

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2355. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17088
JAMA Patient Page

Screening for Syphilis

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2367. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.7188
Comment & Response

Resident Physicians With Depression or Depressive Symptoms

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2347. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1716

Resident Physicians With Depression or Depressive Symptoms—In Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2347-2348. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1724

Treatment for Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2348. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1844

Treatment for Patients With Newly Diagnosed Glioblastoma—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2348-2349. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1847

China’s One-Child Policy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2349-2350. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2192

Consequences of Influencing Physician Behavior

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2350-2351. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1223

China’s One-Child Policy—In Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2350. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.2195

Consequences of Influencing Physician Behavior—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2351. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1226

Responding to a Request for Physician-Assisted Death

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2351-2352. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4027

Responding to a Request for Physician-Assisted Death—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2352. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4045
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(21):2255-2256. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14293
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