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September 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

February 2, 2016, Vol 315, No. 5, Pages 435-528

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2016;315(5):435-437. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14084
Original Investigation

Effect of Subcutaneous Dupilumab on Nasal Polyp Burden in Patients With Chronic Sinusitis and Nasal Polyposis: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(5):469-479. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19330

This randomized trial compares the effects of adding dupilumab, an IL-4 and IL-13 signalling inhibitor, to mometasone furoate nasal spray vs mometasone alone in adults with chronic sinusitis and nasal polyposis refractory to intranasal corticosteroids.

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Effect of Acetazolamide vs Placebo on Duration of Invasive Mechanical Ventilation Among Patients With Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(5):480-488. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0019

This randomized controlled trial assesses whether acetazolamide reduces mechanical ventilation duration among critically ill patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and metabolic alkalosis.

Association of Seafood Consumption, Brain Mercury Level, and APOE ε4 Status With Brain Neuropathology in Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(5):489-497. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19451

This cohort study describes correlations and associations between premortem seafood intake, postmortem brain mercury levels, and postmortem Alzheimer disease neuropathology in older adults.

Association Between Expiratory Central Airway Collapse and Respiratory Outcomes Among Smokers

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(5):498-505. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19431

This cohort study uses paired inspiratory-expiratory computed tomography images to determine the prevalence and clinical significance of expiratory central airway collapse among current and former smokers.

Research Letter

Prevalence and Cost of Office Visits Prior to Colonoscopy for Colon Cancer Screening

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(5):514-515. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.15278

This study uses employer-sponsored private insurance claims data to determine the proportion of colonoscopies for colon cancer screening and polyp surveillance that were preceded by office visits and the associated insurance payments for those visits between 2010 and 2013.

Viewpoint

Dietary Guidelines for Americans

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(5):457-458. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.18396

This Viewpoint summarizes the updated recommendations of the US Department of Health and Human Services’ recently released 2015-2020 Dietary Guidelines for Americans.

Academic Health Systems’ Third Curve: Population Health Improvement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):459-460. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.18550

This Viewpoint discusses opportunities and challenges facing academic health systems as they move beyond providing individual-patient care and population-specific management to providing health improvement at the population level.

Role of the FDA in Affordability of Off-Patent Pharmaceuticals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):461-462. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.18720

This Viewpoint maintains that the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) should have a more active role in the approval and marketing of off-patent pharmaceutical products.

A Piece of My Mind

My Body, Your Crime: The Anatomy of a Medical Note

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):463-464. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16760
Editorial

Fish Consumption, Brain Mercury, and Neuropathology in Patients With Alzheimer Disease and Dementia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):465-466. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0005

This Editorial expresses the potential benefits of fatty fish consumption in helping protect older adults from developing Alzheimer disease and other forms of dementia.

Sharing Clinical Trial Data: A Proposal From the International Committee of Medical Journal Editors

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(5):467-468. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.18164
From the JAMA Network

Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation for Chronic Tinnitus

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):506-507. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0075

This commentary discusses a study published in JAMA Otolaryngology–Head & Neck Surgery that evaluated transcranial magnetic stimulation for the treatment of chronic tinnitus.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

Well-Demarcated, Scaly Plaques

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):508-509. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16068

A 46-year-old woman presented with well-demarcated erythematous scaly plaques, with central clearing, on her chest, back, flanks, and groin. She reported that the eruption worsens with warmer weather but reported no other pain or rash. What would you do next?

From The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics

Drugs Past Their Expiration Date

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):510-511. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0048

This Medical Letter review summarizes what is known about the safety of use of drugs past their expiration date in the United States.

Medical News & Perspectives

US Infant Mortality Rate Declines but Still Exceeds Other Developed Countries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):451-452. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.18886

This Medical News & Perspectives article explores reasons for the decrease in the infant mortality rate in the United States, as well as reasons why it is still higher than that of other industrialized countries.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

Helping Kids Combat Arrhythmia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):456. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.18965

Reversing Drug-Induced Paralysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):456. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19422

From Soldiers to Civilians

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):456. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19424
The JAMA Forum

4 Simple Reforms to Address Mass Shootings and Other Firearm Violence

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(5):453-454. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19497
Lab Reports

Researchers Design Malaria-Resistant Mosquitoes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):455. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.18628

Gut Microbes Stimulate Fat Loss in Response to Cold

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):455. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19338

Dietary Fucose Helps Attenuate Metastatic Melanoma in Mice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):455. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19343

Computer Modeling May Lead to More Personalized Epilepsy Surgeries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):455. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19346
The Art of JAMA

Symphony in Grey and Green: The Ocean: James McNeill Whistler

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):442-443. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14086
Poetry and Medicine

The Exterior Palace

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):519. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.9789
JAMA Revisited

Narration: Timelessness

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):520. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17068
JAMA Patient Page

Dietary Guidelines for Americans

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(5):528. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0077
Comment & Response

Oral Nutrient Supplementation and Cognitive Function

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):515-516. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16443

Oral Nutrient Supplementation and Cognitive Function

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):516. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16452

Oral Nutrient Supplementation and Cognitive Function—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):516-517. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16467

Accounting for Missing Data in Clinical Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):517-518. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16461

Accounting for Missing Data in Clinical Research—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(5):518. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16470
Correction

Incorrect Spelling of an Author’s Name

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(5):518. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.18563

Incorrect I2 Value in the Table

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(5):518. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.18575
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(5):439-440. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14085
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