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November 2023 - July 1883




February 9, 2016, Vol 315, No. 6, Pages 531-626

In This Issue of JAMA


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(6):531-533. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14097
Original Investigation

Effect of Behavioral Interventions on Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing Among Primary Care Practices: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2016;315(6):562-570. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0275

This cluster randomized clinical trial compares the effects of behavioral interventions on rates of inappropriate (not guideline-concordant) antibiotic prescribing during ambulatory visits for acute respiratory tract infections.

Effect of a Task-Oriented Rehabilitation Program on Upper Extremity Recovery Following Motor Stroke: The ICARE Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2016;315(6):571-581. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0276

This randomized trial assesses the efficacy of a structured, task-oriented motor training program vs usual and customary occupational therapy for patients with stroke with upper extremity motor deficits.

Association of Admission to Veterans Affairs Hospitals vs Non–Veterans Affairs Hospitals With Mortality and Readmission Rates Among Older Men Hospitalized With Acute Myocardial Infarction, Heart Failure, or Pneumonia

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JAMA. 2016;315(6):582-592. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0278

This cross-sectional study compares mortality and readmission rates for acute myocardial infarction, heart failure, and pnemonia among older men treated at VA and non-VA hospitals in urban metropolitan statistical areas.

Research Letter

Major Causes of Injury Death and the Life Expectancy Gap Between the United States and Other High-Income Countries

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JAMA. 2016;315(6):609-611. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.15564

This population epidemiology study uses US National Vital Statistics System and WHO Mortality Database data to estimate differences in life expectancy between the United States and other high-income countries attributable to injury.


Innovations in Health Care Delivery

Machine Learning and the Profession of Medicine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(6):551-552. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.18421

This Viewpoint discusses the opportunities and ethical implications of using machine learning technologies, which can rapidly collect and learn from large amounts of personal data, to provide individalized patient care.

Policy Solutions for Better Hearing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(6):553-554. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0044

This Viewpoint explains reasons that increased access to hearing aid technology is needed and proposes policy changes that would make such changes possible.

Integrating Cadaver Exome Sequencing Into a First-Year Medical Student Curriculum

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(6):555-556. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19465

This Viewpoint discusses the values of teaching genetics in the first year of medical school.

A Piece of My Mind

Can I Eat Yet?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(6):557. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.18605

Improving Outpatient Antibiotic Prescribing: Another Nudge in the Right Direction

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(6):558-559. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0430

Learning From the Past to Improve VA Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(6):560-561. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0243

Antibiotic Therapy for Adults Hospitalized With Community-Acquired Pneumonia: A Systematic Review

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JAMA. 2016;315(6):593-602. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0115

This systematic review characterizes associations between 3 aspects of antibiotic therapy (optimal time to antibiotic initiation, initial antibiotic selection, and criteria for the transition from intravenous to oral therapy) and short-term mortality in adults hospitalized with community-acquired pneumonia.

From the JAMA Network

Changing the “Working While Sick” Culture: Promoting Fitness for Duty in Health Care

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JAMA. 2016;315(6):603-604. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0094

This commentary discusses a mixed-methods analysis published in JAMA Pediatrics that investigated why attending physicians and advanced practice clinicians work while sick.

JAMA Diagnostic Test Interpretation

HbA1c in the Evaluation of Diabetes Mellitus

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(6):605-606. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16561

A 76-year-old man recently diagnosed with type 2 diabetes and a history of hypertension requested assistance with managing his type 2 diabetes. His fingerstick blood glucose diary showed consistent recordings of greater than 350 mg/dL and his hemoglobin level was 13.3 g/dL. How do you interpret these test results?

Medical News & Perspectives

Ethical and Societal Questions Loom Large as Gene Editing Moves Closer to the Clinic

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(6):546-548. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19150

This Medical News & Perspectives article discusses advances in gene editing and the ethical and societal considerations raised by clinical application of these technologies.

News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Opioid Overdoses Continue to Climb

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(6):550. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0085

Cancer Rate Dips as PSA Tests Drop

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(6):550. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0102
Capitol Health Call

Congress Seeks FDA Documents About Generic Drug Approvals

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JAMA. 2016;315(6):549. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0003

Senate Committee Investigates Price Hikes for Off-Patent Drugs

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JAMA. 2016;315(6):549. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0162

Plan Needed to Prevent Infectious Disease Spread via Air Travel

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(6):549. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0164

Hepatitis C Drugs Top State Medicaid Pharmaceutical Expenditures

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JAMA. 2016;315(6):549. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0166
The Art of JAMA

Moon: Yoshida Hodaka

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(6):538-539. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14099
Poetry and Medicine

Take Off Your Clothes

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JAMA. 2016;315(6):615. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.11609
JAMA Revisited

The Highlands of Medicine

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JAMA. 2016;315(6):616. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17073
JAMA Patient Page


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(6):626. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0320
Comment & Response

Blood Pressure Control and Recurrence of Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(6):611. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16011

Blood Pressure Control and Recurrence of Intracerebral Hemorrhage—Reply

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JAMA. 2016;315(6):611-612. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16017

Value of Personalized Medicine

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JAMA. 2016;315(6):612-613. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17130

Value of Personalized Medicine—Reply

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JAMA. 2016;315(6):613-614. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17142

Value of Personalized Medicine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(6):613. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17136

Incorrect Author Name

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(6):614. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16172

Misstated Terminology

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(6):614. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0020
JAMA Masthead


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;315(6):535-536. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14098