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March 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

March 1, 2016, Vol 315, No. 9, Pages 839-954

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2016;315(9):839-841. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14136
Viewpoint

Innovations in Health Care Delivery

Health System Loyalty Programs: An Innovation in Customer Care and Service

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):863-864. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.19463

This Viewpoint discusses the use of loyalty programs within accountable care organizations as a means of achieving patient-centric care and enhancing the health system business model.

The Emerging Zika Pandemic: Enhancing Preparedness

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):865-866. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0904

This Viewpoint discusses Zika virus infection and health system preparedness and urges the World Health Organization to proactively respond to the growing global threat of infection.

Antiretroviral Preexposure Prophylaxis: Opportunities and Challenges for Primary Care Physicians

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):867-868. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0318

This Viewpoint urges greater involvement of primary care physicians in screening patients for risky sexual behaviors and prescribing preexposure prophylactic antiviral medication to those at risk of HIV infection.

Oregon’s Medicaid Coordinated Care Organizations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):869-870. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0206

This Viewpoint describes steps taken by Oregon to change its Medicaid program to improve health care access and population health and slow increases in spending.

A Piece of My Mind

A Place to Stay

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):871-872. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17476
Editorial

Perioperative Statins in Cardiac Surgery and Acute Kidney Injury

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):873-874. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0245

Visual Acuity Screening Among Asymptomatic Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):875-876. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1271
Original Investigation

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

High-Dose Perioperative Atorvastatin and Acute Kidney Injury Following Cardiac Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(9):877-888. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0548

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of short-term high-dose perioperative atorvastatin vs placebo on acute kidney injury following cardiac surgery.

Association of Red Blood Cell Transfusion, Anemia, and Necrotizing Enterocolitis in Very Low-Birth-Weight Infants

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(9):889-897. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1204

This cohort study examines the association between red blood cell transfusion, severe neonatal anemia, and necrotizing enterocolitis among very low-birth-weight infants during the first 90 days of life.

Effect of Insulin Glargine Up-titration vs Insulin Degludec/Liraglutide on Glycated Hemoglobin Levels in Patients With Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes: The DUAL V Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(9):898-907. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1252

This noninferiority trial compares the effects of a fixed ratio of insulin degludec/liraglutide vs up-titration of insulin glargine on glycated hemoglobin levels among patients with uncontrolled type 2 diabetes treated with glargine and metformin.

Special Communication

USPSTF Recommendation Statement

Screening for Impaired Visual Acuity in Older Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2016;315(9):908-914. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0763

This Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force concludes that current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening for impaired visual acuity among adults 65 years or older who do not present to their primary care clinician with vision problems.

Review

Evidence Report for the USPSTF

Screening for Impaired Visual Acuity in Older Adults: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(9):915-933. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0783

This systematic review to support the 2016 update of the US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on screening for impaired visual acuity in older adults summarizes trial evidence about screening and treatment and evidence about the diagnostic accuracy of screening instruments.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

Sudden Onset of Generalized Pustules in a Newborn

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):934-935. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0006

On day 3 after birth, a full-term neonate developed a pustular rash over the face and trunk that progressed to a “flea-bitten” pattern on the limbs. Wright staining showed eosinophils, Tzanck smear and bacterial and fungal cultures were negative, and WBC count and ESR were normal. What would you do next?

JAMA Diagnostic Test Interpretation

Gonadotropin Interpretation in a 25-Year-Old Man

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):936-937. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.18157

A 25-year-old man with interest in future fertility presented to the urology clinic with concerns of low energy but no symptoms of low libido, erectile dysfunction, or ejaculatory dysfunction (his FSH level was in the high-normal reference range, luteinizing hormone was elevated, and he had bilateral testicular atrophy and azoospermia). How do you interpret the test results?

Research Letter

Association Between Having a Highly Educated Spouse and Physician Practice in Rural Underserved Areas

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(9):939-941. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16972

This study uses US census and national survey data to investigate the proportion of married physicians who have highly educated spouses, and the odds of the couple living and working in rural underserved areas.

Medical News & Perspectives

Quality of Care Will Be a “Sweet Spot” for JAMA Cardiology Says New Editor-in-Chief

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2016;315(9):855-856. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.18368

In this Medical News & Perspectives piece, Robert O Bonow, MD, the editor-in-chief of JAMA Cardiology, discusses his editorial vision for the new journal.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

Learning About French Trial Death

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):861. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1247

Making Devices Cyber Safe

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):861. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1283

New Treatment for Liposarcoma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):861. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1289
The JAMA Forum

Promoting Therapeutic Innovation: What Do We Do About Drug-Device Combinations?

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(9):857-858. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1149
JAMA Infographic

Visualizing Health Metrics

Mortality Rates for Children Younger Than 5 Years, 1990-2013

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(9):859. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1465
Lab Reports

Hyperactive Innate Immunity at Birth Associated With Food Allergies

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):860. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0915

Enzyme Discovery May Lead to New Treatments for Metabolic Disorders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):860. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1484

Scientists Identify Genes Critical to Development of Leukemia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):860. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1486

Scientists Generate 3D Images of Cardiac Cell Connectors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):860. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1488
Comment & Response

Hip Fracture Surgery vs Elective Total Hip Replacement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):941-942. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17852

Hip Fracture Surgery vs Elective Total Hip Replacement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):941. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17858

Hip Fracture Surgery vs Elective Total Hip Replacement—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):942-943. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17861

Implementing Quality Improvement for Psychosocial Interventions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):943. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17855

Implementing Quality Improvement for Psychosocial Interventions—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):943-944. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17870
Correction

Coordinating Clinical Site Omitted

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(9):944. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1591
The Art of JAMA

March 1957 (Starbotton): Wilhelmina Barns-Graham

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):848-849. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14138
Poetry and Medicine

Heart Failure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):945. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.16903
JAMA Revisited

The Examination of School Children’s Eyes and Ears

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;315(9):946. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17076
JAMA Patient Page

Screening for Impaired Visual Acuity in Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(9):954. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.1670
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;315(9):843-844. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14137
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