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February 2019 - July 1883




October 11, 2016, Vol 316, No. 14, Pages 1425-1508

In This Issue of JAMA


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(14):1425-1427. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14523

Innovations in Health Care Delivery

Hospital-Affiliated Outpatient Birth Centers: A Possible Model for Helping to Achieve the Triple Aim in Obstetrics

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1441-1442. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11770

This Viewpoint discusses whether hospital-affiliated outpatient birth centers might improve birth outcomes and patient experience and safely reduce annual US health care spending for women at low risk of obstetric and perinatal complications.

Zika Virus 6 Months Later

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(14):1443-1444. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11941

In this Viewpoint, CDC Director Thomas Frieden and colleagues provide a mid-2016 update on Zika virus infection, including advances in understanding the epidemiology, clinical manifestations, diagnosis, prevention, and public health control of the infection.

Lessons to Be Learned From the UK Junior Doctors’ Strike

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1445-1446. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12029

This Viewpoint reviews the events leading to the UK junior doctors’ strike and discusses the potential long-term harm to medicine in the United Kingdom if a contract is not negotiated.

Cost, Effectiveness, and Value: How to Judge?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1447-1448. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11516

This Viewpoint discusses the value judgments that are always incorporated into payers’ and health systems’ assessments of the clinical- and cost-effectiveness of interventions and into their discussions whether to adopt them.

A Piece of My Mind

Cough It Up: A Health Care Paradox

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1449-1450. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.8186

Close Contact Casting vs Surgery for Unstable Ankle Fractures

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1451-1452. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14819

The Supplement Paradox: Negligible Benefits, Robust Consumption

Abstract Full Text
has multimedia has audio
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1453-1454. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14252
Original Investigation

Close Contact Casting vs Surgery for Initial Treatment of Unstable Ankle Fractures in Older Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(14):1455-1463. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14719

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of a below-knee cast vs surgery on ankle symptoms and functional outcomes at 6 months among older adults with an unstable ankle fracture.

Trends in Dietary Supplement Use Among US Adults From 1999-2012

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(14):1464-1474. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14403

This pharmacoepidemiology study uses NHANES data to report trends in dietary supplement use among US adults (between 1999 and 2012).

Association Between the 2014 Medicaid Expansion and US Hospital Finances

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(14):1475-1483. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14765

This study compares before-after changes in Medicaid revenues and uncompensated care at hospitals in states with vs without expansion of Medicaid.

JAMA Clinical Evidence Synopsis

Probiotics and the Prevention of Antibiotic-Associated Diarrhea in Infants and Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1484-1485. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11838

This Clinical Evidence Synopsis summarizes a Cochrane review of clinical trials comparing the effects of probiotics vs placebo, no treatment, or active treatment on antibiotic-associated diarrhea in children given antibiotics.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Screening, Evaluation, and Treatment of Peripheral Arterial Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1486-1487. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11103

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the Society for Vascular Surgery’s 2015 guideline on screening, evaluation, and treatment of peripheral arterial disease.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

Nystagmus and Lower Extremity Hyperalgesia After Colectomy

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz has multimedia
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1488-1489. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13658

A 47-year-old man with severe Crohn disease developed nystagmus and lower extremity hyperalgesia after elective colectomy and follow-up surgery for an enterocutaneous fistula. MRI of the brain showed hyperintensity in both medial thalami. What would you do next?

Research Letter

Molecular Autopsy for Sudden Unexpected Death

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(14):1492-1494. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11445

This case series describes the diagnostic yield of whole-exome sequencing (molecular autopsy) performed postmortem on patients younger than 45 years who died unexpectedly.

Medical News & Perspectives

Call to Action on Neurotoxin Exposure in Pregnant Women and Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1436-1437. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11576

This Medical News article discusses a push to reduce pregnancy and childhood exposures to neurodevelopmental toxins.

News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Act Fast and Think Sepsis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1440. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14249

HPV Vaccination Rates Lag in Teens

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1440. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14253
JAMA Infographic

Visualizing Health Policy

Intersection of State Abortion Policy and Clinical Practice

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(14):1438. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14105
Capitol Health Call

Significant Increases in EpiPen Price

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1439. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14178

National Library of Medicine May Receive Funding Boost

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1439. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14564

Harry Reid to Retire

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1439. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14566
Comment & Response

Escitalopram and Outcomes Among Patients With Depression and Heart Failure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1494. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13855

Escitalopram and Outcomes Among Patients With Depression and Heart Failure—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1494-1495. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13888

Face Mask vs Helmet for Noninvasive Ventilation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1496. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13843

Face Mask vs Helmet for Noninvasive Ventilation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1496. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13852

Timing of Initiation of Renal Replacement Therapy in Critically Ill Patients With Acute Kidney Injury

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1497-1498. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11329

Face Mask vs Helmet for Noninvasive Ventilation—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1497. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13858

Omitted Letter

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(14):1498. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14995

Transposed Data in Abstract

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(14):1498. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15063
The Arts and Medicine

The Effect: A New Play Takes on Psychopharmacology, in All Its Human and Scientific Complexity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1434-1435. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14526

Review of The Effect, a play that features characters in a clinical trial.

Poetry and Medicine

Pindar’s Bestowal of Victory on a Dialysis Patient

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1500. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.8112
JAMA Revisited

The Alcohol-Uric Acid Question

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1501. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17105
JAMA Patient Page

Blood in the Urine (Hematuria)

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2016;316(14):1508. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4716
JAMA Masthead


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(14):1429-1430. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14524