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January 2019 - July 1883

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October 18, 2016, Vol 316, No. 15, Pages 1515-1610

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(15):1515-1517. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14536
Viewpoint

The Ethics of Behavioral Health Information Technology: Frequent Flyer Icons and Implicit Bias

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1539-1540. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12534

This Viewpoint discusses the ethics of using an icon in electronic health records to designate patients who have frequent visits.

Time to Reassess the Cancer Compendia for Off-label Drug Coverage in Oncology

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1541-1542. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12770

This Viewpoint argues that the current model of payment coverage decisions for oncology drugs based on third-party drug compendia is outdated and should be abandoned for a new approach.

Investing Wisely in Health Care Capital

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1543-1544. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10605

This Viewpoint emphasizes the contribution of capital spending to escalating health care costs, and argues for improved understanding of the ways capital spending planning and investment can deliver important gains in health care value and population health.

Science and Public Health on Trial: Warning Notices on Advertisements for Sugary Drinks

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1545-1546. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10516

This Viewpoint discusses the trial of American Beverage Association (ABA) et al v City & County of San Francisco over the ordinance requiring billboards advertising sugar-sweetened beverages to include a warning notice.

A Piece of My Mind

The Face That Thinks

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1547-1548. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.8438
Editorial

Empirical Antifungal Therapy in Critically Ill Patients With Sepsis: Another Case of Less Is More in the ICU

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1549-1550. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13801

New Findings in Ventral Incisional Hernia Repair

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1551-1552. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15722

Oxygen in the ICU: Too Much of a Good Thing?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1553-1554. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13800
Original Investigation

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Empirical Micafungin Treatment and Survival Without Invasive Fungal Infection in Adults With ICU-Acquired Sepsis, Candida Colonization, and Multiple Organ Failure: The EMPIRICUS Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(15):1555-1564. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14655

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of micafungin vs placebo on 28-day fungal infection–free survival among nonneutropenic critically ill patients with ICU-acquired sepsis, Candida species colonization at multiple sites, and multiple organ failure.

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Effect of Postextubation High-Flow Nasal Cannula vs Noninvasive Ventilation on Reintubation and Postextubation Respiratory Failure in High-Risk Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(15):1565-1574. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14194

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of high-flow conditioned oxygen therapy vs noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on postextubation respiratory failure and reintubation among critically ill adult patients.

Long-term Recurrence and Complications Associated With Elective Incisional Hernia Repair

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(15):1575-1582. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15217

This Danish cohort study investigates the risks of long-term recurrence and mesh-related complications among patients undergoing incisional hernia repair with open mesh, laparoscopic mesh, and open nonmesh surgical techniques.

Preliminary Communication

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Effect of Conservative vs Conventional Oxygen Therapy on Mortality Among Patients in an Intensive Care Unit: The Oxygen-ICU Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(15):1583-1589. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11993

This randomized clinical trial compares a conservative oxygen protocol vs standard oxygen delivery on the outcomes of mortality, organ failure, and infection in adult patients admitted to a medical-surgical intensive care unit (ICU).

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Management of an Unprovoked First Seizure in Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1590-1591. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12047

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the American Academy of Neurology’s and American Epilepsy Society’s 2015 guideline on management of an unprovoked first seizure in adults.

JAMA Diagnostic Test Interpretation

Thyroid-Stimulating Hormone in the Evaluation of Subclinical Hypothyroidism

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1592-1593. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9534

A 62-year-old woman presented with a 6-month history of hair thinning, itchy scalp, and cold sensitivity, has a mild elevation of her thyroid-stimulating hormone level (4.88 mIU/L) and elevated levels of low-density lipoprotein (155 mg/dL) and total cholesterol (257 mg/dL). How do you interpret the test results?

Research Letter

Longitudinal Evaluation of Work Status and Productivity After Bariatric Surgery

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JAMA. 2016;316(15):1595-1597. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12040

This study assesses working status and productivity change in the first 3 years following surgery for severe obesity.

Medical News & Perspectives

Getting Pharmacogenomics Into the Clinic

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1533-1535. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12103

This Medical News article discusses barriers to widespread implementation of genotype-guided prescribing.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

Reducing Stroke Disability

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1538. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14561

Say Goodbye to Some Antibacterials

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1538. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14612

Ovarian Cancer Screening Tests Don’t Pass Muster

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1538. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14614
The JAMA Forum

Time to Hit the Pause Button on Medicare’s Payment Demonstration Projects?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(15):1535-1536. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14246
Global Health

Mosquito Traps Reduce Malaria Rates in Kenya

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1537. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14381

Congenital Brain Abnormalities From Zika Infection

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1537. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14955

Sluggish Progress in Improving Breastfeeding Practices

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1537. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14957
Comment & Response

Palliative Care–Led Meetings for Families of ICU Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1597-1598. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14316

Palliative Care–Led Meetings for Families of ICU Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1598. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14319

Palliative Care–Led Meetings for Families of ICU Patients—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1598-1599. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14322

Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1599. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14074

Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1600. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14077

Euthanasia and Physician-Assisted Suicide—In Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1600-1601. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14080
Correction

Data Error in Figure

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(15):1601. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14786
The Arts and Medicine

Two Gratitudes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1524-1525. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12792

In this essay, novelist Chris Adrian reviews Oliver Sacks' final 'Gratitude' essays and Jenny Diski's end of life memoir, "In Gratitude."

Poetry and Medicine

Reading Bly in the Waiting Room

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1602. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12275
JAMA Revisited

The Falling Death Rate and Lengthening of Life

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(15):1603. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17106
JAMA Patient Page

What Is an Abdominal Wall Hernia?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(15):1610. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15755
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(15):1519-1520. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14537
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