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October 2021 - July 1883




November 1, 2016, Vol 316, No. 17, Pages 1731-1838

In This Issue of JAMA


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1731-1733. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14562
Original Investigation

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Effect of Hydrocortisone on Development of Shock Among Patients With Severe Sepsis: The HYPRESS Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1775-1785. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14799

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of hydrocortisone vs placebo on development of septic shock among intensive care patients with severe sepsis who were not in septic shock.

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Association Between Tracheal Intubation During Pediatric In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest and Survival

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1786-1797. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14486

This cohort study using data from the Get With The Guidelines–Resuscitation quality improvement registry to investigate the association between intubation during in-hospital pediatric cardiac arrest and survival to hospital discharge.

Association Between Prescription of Major Psychotropic Medications and Violent Reoffending After Prison Release

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1798-1807. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15380

This cohort study evaluates whether prescription of psychotropic medications was associated with rates of violent reoffending in Swedish adults released from prison.

Preliminary Communication

Safety and Wound Outcomes Following Genetically Corrected Autologous Epidermal Grafts in Patients With Recessive Dystrophic Epidermolysis Bullosa

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1808-1817. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15588

This phase 1 trial evaluates safety and wound outcomes after transplant of genetically corrected autologous epidermal grafts onto wounds of patients with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa.

Research Letter

Tdap Vaccination During Pregnancy and Microcephaly and Other Structural Birth Defects in Offspring

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1823-1825. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14432

This cohort study uses Vaccine Safety Datalink data to examine associations between maternal Tdap vaccination and structural birth defects in offspring.


Innovations in Health Care Delivery

Physician Peer Comparisons as a Nonfinancial Strategy to Improve the Value of Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(17):1759-1760. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13739

This Viewpoint proposes 8 factors to consider before adopting a peer-comparison model designed to guide physicians toward improving the value of care.

The New CMS Hospital Quality Star Ratings: The Stars Are Not Aligned

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1761-1762. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13679

This Viewpoint discusses hospital rating systems and ways to improve them to drive quality improvement efforts and provide patients with relevant, accessible composite information.

Opioids Out, Cannabis In: Negotiating the Unknowns in Patient Care for Chronic Pain

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1763-1764. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13677

This Viewpoint discusses challenge of determining appropriate therapies for chronic pain as federal guidelines emphasize efforts to decrease opioid abuse while some US states initiate legalized medical use of cannabis.

Monitoring Marijuana Use in the United States: Challenges in an Evolving Environment

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1765-1766. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13696

This Viewpoint calls for improved surveillance of the use and of health effects of marijuana in the wake of evolving state policies that increase legal access to the drug.

A Piece of My Mind

Moving From Disability to Possibility

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1767-1768. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9956

Evaluating Glucocorticoids for Sepsis: Time to Change Course

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1769-1771. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13904

Mental Illness, Release From Prison, and Social Context

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1771-1772. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12434

Intubation During Pediatric CPR: Early, Late, or Not at All?

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1772-1774. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13905
JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods

Confounding by Indication in Clinical Research

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1818-1819. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16435

This JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods reviews the use of methods to control for confounding by indication in clinical research.

From The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics

Buprenorphine Implants (Probuphine) for Opioid Dependence

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1820-1821. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10899

This Medical Letter review summarizes what is known about Probuphine, a newly approved subdermal implant form of buprenorphine that provides continuous low levels of drug to prevent opioid use in patients with dependence to opioids.

Medical News & Perspectives

Nobel Laureates Pick Food Fight With GMO Foes

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1752-1753. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11571

This medical news feature discusses the recent row between Nobel laureates and Greepeace over genetically modified foods.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

First DMD Drug Gains Approval

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1756. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15537

Lifesaving App for Opioid Users

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1756. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15572

Relief for Ear Pain

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1756. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15574
JAMA Infographic

Visualizing Health Policy

Medicare and End-of-Life Care

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1754. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15577
Lab Reports

Water Bear Genome Uncovers Novel Stress-Tolerant Proteins

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1755. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15523

New Insights on Key Neuronal Receptor

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1755. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15860

DNA Vaccine Protects Monkeys Against Zika Virus Infection

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1755. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15862
The Arts and Medicine

Poetry’s Company: Where Medicine Leaves Us Alone

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1744-1745. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13618

Where medicine leaves off, poetry provides companionship in the presence of loss.

Poetry and Medicine

Superior Canal Dehiscence

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1830. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9413
JAMA Revisited

Current Comment

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1831. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17108
JAMA Patient Page

Erectile Dysfunction

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1838. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12284
Comment & Response

Association of a Genetic Risk Score With Body Mass Index

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1825-1826. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14933

Association of a Genetic Risk Score With Body Mass Index—Reply

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1826-1827. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14939

Association of a Genetic Risk Score With Body Mass Index

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1826. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14945

Assessing the Patient With Arthralgia, Fevers, and Rash

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1827. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14924

Assessing the Patient With Arthralgia, Fevers, and Rash—In Reply

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1828. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14942

Mechanisms of Ascites Development

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1828-1829. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15069

Mechanisms of Ascites Development—Reply

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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1829. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15072
JAMA Masthead


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(17):1735-1736. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14563