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September 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

November 8, 2016, Vol 316, No. 18, Pages 1841-1932

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(18):1841-1843. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14575
Original Investigation

Effect of Cranberry Capsules on Bacteriuria Plus Pyuria Among Older Women in Nursing Homes: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(18):1879-1887. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16141

This randomized clinical trial investigates whether 2 capsules of cranberry containing 72 mg of proanthcyanidin compared with placebo would reduce the presence of bacteriuria plus pyuria in older women living in nursing homes.

Effect of Tailored Dose-Dense Chemotherapy vs Standard 3-Weekly Adjuvant Chemotherapy on Recurrence-Free Survival Among Women With High-Risk Early Breast Cancer: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1888-1896. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15865

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of tailored dose-dense adjuvant chemotherapy vs standard adjuvant chemotherapy on recurrence-free survival in women with high-risk early breast cancer.

Effect of Supplemental Donor Human Milk Compared With Preterm Formula on Neurodevelopment of Very Low-Birth-Weight Infants at 18 Months: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(18):1897-1905. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16144

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of supplementing maternal breast milk with nutrient-enriched donor milk vs preterm formula on neurocognitive development of very low-birth-weight infants at 18 months’ corrected age.

Preliminary Communication

Effect of Anakinra on Recurrent Pericarditis Among Patients With Colchicine Resistance and Corticosteroid Dependence: The AIRTRIP Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(18):1906-1912. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15826

This randomized trial assesses whether anakinra reduces risk of recurrent pericarditis among patients in Italy with colchicine-resistant and corticosteroid-dependent recurrent pericarditis.

Research Letter

Association of e-Cigarette Vaping and Progression to Heavier Patterns of Cigarette Smoking

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(18):1918-1920. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14649

This cohort study uses survey data to assess associations between baseline e-cigarette use among high school students and use of combustible cigarettes 6 months later.

Viewpoint

Reporting Sex, Gender, or Both in Clinical Research?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(18):1863-1864. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16405

This Viewpoint offers guidance for how to report sex and gender characteristics of study participants in medical research articles.

Consideration of Sex Differences in Medicine to Improve Health Care and Patient Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1865-1866. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13995

This Viewpoint emphasizes how physiological differences between males and females affect treatment responses, disease manifestations, and health outcomes.

Not Thinking Clearly? Play a Game, Seriously!

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1867-1868. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14174

This Viewpoint discusses the cognitive processes that inform clinical judgment and suggests that video games training might reshape clinical intuition, promote self-efficacy, and improve clinical decision making among physicians.

Black Gains in Life Expectancy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1869-1870. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14398

This Viewpoint discusses the narrowing life-expectancy gap between the US black and white populations and points out categories of disease and death that could further narrow the gap.

A Piece of My Mind

The Things We Have Lost

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1871-1872. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9954
Editorial

Cranberry for Prevention of Urinary Tract Infection?Time to Move On

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1873-1874. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16140

Donor Human Milk for Very Low-Birth-Weight Infants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1875-1876. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16142

Announcing the New JAMA.com

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(18):1877-1878. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15075
From the JAMA Network

Melanoma Prevention—Avoiding Indoor Tanning and Minimizing Overexposure to the Sun

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1913-1914. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16430

This commentary discusses a case-control study study published in JAMA Dermatology that examined associations between indoor tanning and melanoma among men and women younger than 50 years.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

Long-standing Onychodystrophy in a Young Woman

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1915-1916. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16167

A 34-year-old woman has thickened toenails for more than 20 years, with subungual hyperkeratosis of all 10 toenails and scale on the plantar surface skin and in the web spaces on examination. What would you do next?

Medical News & Perspectives

On CDC’s 70th Anniversary, Director Tom Frieden, MD, Looks Ahead

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1857-1858. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.12699

This Medical News article is an interview with CDC Director Tom Frieden, MD, on the agency’s historic anniversary.

News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Older Adults’ Falls Take High Toll

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1860. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15623

Another Birthday? Keep Moving

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1860. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15625
Capitol Health Call

Regulating Personal Care Products

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1859. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15973

Precision Medicine Gets Boost

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1859. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16235

Senator Confronts FDA Over Laboratory Tests

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1859. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16237
The Arts and Medicine

Tig Notaro: A Comedian Makes “Sick” Humor the Main Act

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(18):1850-1851. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16652

This Arts and Medicine essay reviews how comedian Tig Notaro mined humor out of her C difficile infection, breast cancer diagnosis, and subsequent bilateral mastectomy and discusses the role of comedy in illness and health care.

Poetry and Medicine

Sunday Best

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1925. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10519
JAMA Revisited

Possible Dangers of the Bubble Fountain

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1926. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17109
JAMA Patient Page

Pancreatic Operations

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(18):1932. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11165
Comment & Response

Intensive vs Standard Blood Pressure Control for Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1920-1921. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14912

Intensive vs Standard Blood Pressure Control for Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1921. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14909

Intensive vs Standard Blood Pressure Control for Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1921-1922. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14921

Intensive vs Standard Blood Pressure Control for Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1922-1923. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14927

Intensive vs Standard Blood Pressure Control for Older Adults—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1923. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14936

Health Care Reform in the United States

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(18):1923-1924. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15237
Correction

Misidentification of Patients in the Abstract and Author Affiliations

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(18):1924. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15459

Two Names Added to Additional Contributions Section

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(18):1924. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15518

Addition of an Omitted Word

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(18):1924. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16009

Error in Title

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(18):1924. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17038
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(18):1845-1846. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14576
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