This randomized trial evaluated the effects on anxiety and depression symptoms of a multicomponent behavioral intervention delivered by lay health workers to adults functionally impaired by psychological distress in a conflict-affected area of Pakistan.
This cluster randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of a lay health worker–administered, primary care–based, culturally adapted psychological intervention with education and support, vs usual care with education and support, for common mental disorders in Zimbabwe.
This study used data from National Health Expenditure Accounts to estimate US spending on personal health care and public health, according to condition, age and sex group, and type of care.
This cohort study of Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries compares trends in readmission rates for target and nontarget conditions among hospitals penalized vs not penalized under the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program.
This observational study quantifies the risk to hospital inpatients associated with patients on the same ward experiencing critical illness.
This Viewpoint discusses the apparent association between a reduction of psychiatric beds and increasing suicide rates in the United States, and proposes an expansion of inpatient psychiatric treatment facilities as a component of a national suicide prevention strategy.
This Viewpoint discusses how faulty data analysis can affect the outcome of reports comparing weekday vs weekend mortality among hospitalized patients.
This Viewpoint summarizes suggestions for forming and conducting academic search committees to improve equity and diversity in leadership of medical schools, hospitals, and health systems.
This Viewpoint discusses the value of negative controls in detecting bias in controlled trials.
This narrative review summarizes tests and treatments for patients with new-onset seizure as well as long-term management options for patients with new-onset epilepsy.
This JAMA Performance Improvement article uses the case of an on-duty nurse attacked by a patient to discuss how to treat potentially violent patients while ensuring the safety of health care personnel.
This Clinical Evidence Synopsis summarizes a Cochrane review of clinical trials comparing intra-articular corticosteroids with sham injection or no intervention in patients with knee osteoarthritis.
This Medical News article discusses the 40-year-old Nurses’ Health Study’s continuing focus on breast cancer prevention.
This Arts and Medicine essay reviews 2 of the best graphic medicine offerings from 2016: My Degeneration: A Journey Through Parkinson’s and Rosalie Lightning.