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January 2022 - July 1883




December 27, 2016, Vol 316, No. 24, Pages 2567-2686

In This Issue of JAMA


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(24):2567-2569. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14653
Original Investigation

Effect of a Multicomponent Behavioral Intervention in Adults Impaired by Psychological Distress in a Conflict-Affected Area of Pakistan: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2016;316(24):2609-2617. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17165

This randomized trial evaluated the effects on anxiety and depression symptoms of a multicomponent behavioral intervention delivered by lay health workers to adults functionally impaired by psychological distress in a conflict-affected area of Pakistan.

Effect of a Primary Care–Based Psychological Intervention on Symptoms of Common Mental Disorders in Zimbabwe: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2016;316(24):2618-2626. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19102

This cluster randomized clinical trial evaluates the effectiveness of a lay health worker–administered, primary care–based, culturally adapted psychological intervention with education and support, vs usual care with education and support, for common mental disorders in Zimbabwe.

US Spending on Personal Health Care and Public Health, 1996-2013

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JAMA. 2016;316(24):2627-2646. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16885

This study used data from National Health Expenditure Accounts to estimate US spending on personal health care and public health, according to condition, age and sex group, and type of care.

Innovations in Health Care Delivery

Association Between Hospital Penalty Status Under the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program and Readmission Rates for Target and Nontarget Conditions

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JAMA. 2016;316(24):2647-2656. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18533

This cohort study of Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries compares trends in readmission rates for target and nontarget conditions among hospitals penalized vs not penalized under the Hospital Readmission Reduction Program.

Research Letter

Association Between In-Hospital Critical Illness Events and Outcomes in Patients on the Same Ward

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JAMA. 2016;316(24):2674-2675. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15505

This observational study quantifies the risk to hospital inpatients associated with patients on the same ward experiencing critical illness.


Increase in US Suicide Rates and the Critical Decline in Psychiatric Beds

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2591-2592. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16989

This Viewpoint discusses the apparent association between a reduction of psychiatric beds and increasing suicide rates in the United States, and proposes an expansion of inpatient psychiatric treatment facilities as a component of a national suicide prevention strategy.

Higher Mortality in Weekend Admissions to the Hospital: True, False, or Uncertain?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2593-2594. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16410

This Viewpoint discusses how faulty data analysis can affect the outcome of reports comparing weekday vs weekend mortality among hospitalized patients.

Reducing Bias in Academic Search Committees

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2595-2596. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17540

This Viewpoint summarizes suggestions for forming and conducting academic search committees to improve equity and diversity in leadership of medical schools, hospitals, and health systems.

Negative Control Outcomes: A Tool to Detect Bias in Randomized Trials

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2597-2598. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17700

This Viewpoint discusses the value of negative controls in detecting bias in controlled trials.

A Piece of My Mind

Bearing the Silence of Tragedy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2599-2600. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11184

Randomized Clinical Trials to Evaluate Mental Health Interventions in Resource-Poor Societies

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2601-2603. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17780

How Can the United States Spend Its Health Care Dollars Better?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2604-2606. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16739

Intra-articular Corticosteroids and Knee Osteoarthritis: Interpreting Different Meta-analyses

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2607-2608. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17227

New-Onset Seizure in Adults and Adolescents: A Review

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(24):2657-2668. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18625

This narrative review summarizes tests and treatments for patients with new-onset seizure as well as long-term management options for patients with new-onset epilepsy.

JAMA Performance Improvement

Ensuring Staff Safety When Treating Potentially Violent Patients

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JAMA. 2016;316(24):2669-2670. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18260

This JAMA Performance Improvement article uses the case of an on-duty nurse attacked by a patient to discuss how to treat potentially violent patients while ensuring the safety of health care personnel.

JAMA Clinical Evidence Synopsis

Intra-articular Corticosteroids for Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2671-2672. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17565

This Clinical Evidence Synopsis summarizes a Cochrane review of clinical trials comparing intra-articular corticosteroids with sham injection or no intervention in patients with knee osteoarthritis.

Medical News & Perspectives

The Nurses’ Health Study Takes Fresh Aim at Breast Cancer as It Heads Into Decade Five

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2583-2585. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.15976

This Medical News article discusses the 40-year-old Nurses’ Health Study’s continuing focus on breast cancer prevention.

The JAMA Forum

Improving Health Care for Homeless People

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(24):2586-2587. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18760
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

As Teenage Pregnancies Decline, So Do Preterm Births

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2590. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18236

Inflammatory Bowel Disease Is More Common Than Earlier Studies Showed

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2590. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18375
Clinical Trials Update

Physicians Can Motivate Patients to Shed Pounds

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2589. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18408

Still No Migraine Relief for Kids

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2589. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19352

Celecoxib Similar to 2 NSAIDs for Cardiovascular Safety

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2589. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19355
Health Agencies Update

New 5-Year Targets Announced for Health Care–Associated Infections

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2588. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18655

First Inactivated Zika Vaccine Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2588. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19328

NIH Awards $150 Million for BRAIN Initiative Research in 2016

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2588. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19330
The Arts and Medicine

Graphic Medicine: The Best of 2016

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2580-2581. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19200

This Arts and Medicine essay reviews 2 of the best graphic medicine offerings from 2016: My Degeneration: A Journey Through Parkinson’s and Rosalie Lightning.

Poetry and Medicine


Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2679. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.14325
JAMA Revisited

The Right and Wrong of Making Experiments on Human Beings

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2680. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.17115
JAMA Patient Page


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(24):2686. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18623
Comment & Response

Prenatal Carrier Screening

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2675-2676. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17401

Prenatal Carrier Screening—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2676-2677. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17404

Abdominal vs Minimally Invasive Hysterectomy

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JAMA. 2016;316(24):2677. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17819

Abdominal vs Minimally Invasive Hysterectomy—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(24):2677-2678. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17830

Notice of Retraction: Das RR, Singh M. Oral Zinc for the Common Cold. JAMA. 2014;311(14):1440-1441.

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(24):2678. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18134

Incorrect data

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(24):2678. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18692
JAMA Masthead


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(24):2571-2572. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14654