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February 2021 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

August 16, 2016, Vol 316, No. 7, Pages 685-782

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(7):685-687. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14432
Original Investigation

Effect of Abaloparatide vs Placebo on New Vertebral Fractures in Postmenopausal Women With Osteoporosis: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2016;316(7):722-733. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11136

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of subcutaneous abaloparatide vs placebo on risk of new vertebral and nonvertebral fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis.

Modeled Fetal Risk of Genetic Diseases Identified by Expanded Carrier Screening

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JAMA. 2016;316(7):734-742. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11139

This study uses gene frequencies from an expanded carrier screening program of reproductive-aged adults of multiple racial backgrounds and ethnicities to estimate the rates of children identified as being at risk for severe genetic disease.

Cost-effectiveness of PCSK9 Inhibitor Therapy in Patients With Heterozygous Familial Hypercholesterolemia or Atherosclerotic Cardiovascular Disease

Abstract Full Text
free access has multimedia has audio
JAMA. 2016;316(7):743-753. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11004

This study estimates the cost-effectiveness of adding proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9) inhibitors to statin therapy for patients with heterozygous familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) or atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD).

Research Letter

Tube Feeding in US Nursing Home Residents With Advanced Dementia, 2000-2014

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JAMA. 2016;316(7):769-770. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9374

This study uses Minimum Data Set data to describe trends in feeding tube insertion among US nursing home residents with advanced dementia between 2000 and 2014.

Viewpoint

The ACO Experiment in Infancy—Looking Back and Looking Forward

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):705-706. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9958

This Viewpoint argues that the accountable care organization approach has been successful in controlling health care costs and improving quality of care.

Reassessing ACOs and Health Care Reform

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):707-708. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10874

This Viewpoints argues against Accountable Care Organizations.

Low-Dose Aspirin in the Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease: Shared Decision Making in Clinical Practice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):709-710. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.8362

This Viewpoint discusses the challenges clinicians face individualizing decisions for patients about the benefits and risks of using aspirin for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease.

Vital Directions from the National Academy of Medicine

Vital Directions for Health and Health Care: An Initiative of the National Academy of Medicine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):711-712. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10692

In this Viewpoint the president of the National Academy of Medicine and colleagues describe the academy’s Vital Directions for Health and Health Care initiative to define evidence-based health policy opportunities and priorities in anticipation of a new US presidential administration.

A Piece of My Mind

A Wild Rotation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):713-714. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.4994
Editorial

Osteoporosis Therapy in Postmenopausal Women With High Risk of Fracture

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):715-716. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.11032

Where to Draw the Boundaries for Prenatal Carrier Screening

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):717-719. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10888

Introducing JAMA Professionalism

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JAMA. 2016;316(7):720-721. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9854
Review

Acute Aortic Dissection and Intramural Hematoma: A Systematic Review

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):754-763. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10026

This narrative review summarizes published evidence on diagnosis and management of acute aortic syndromes with a focus on the evolving roles of medical therapy vs TEVAR vs a traditional open surgical procedure.

JAMA Professionalism

Disclosure of Medical Error

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JAMA. 2016;316(7):764-765. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9136

This JAMA Professionalism article presents the case of a medical error and the options for handling the situation, including communicating with the patients.

From The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics

Insect Repellents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):766-767. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10042

This Medical Letter review summarizes the efficacy and safety of commercially available insect repellents to prevent Zika virus infection and other mosquito and tickborne diseases.

Medical News & Perspectives

Headline-Grabbing Study Brings Attention Back to Medical Errors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):698-700. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.8073

This Medical News article discusses challenges in estimating the number of deaths from medical errors.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

Regulating Genetic Tests

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):703. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10675

New Drug Targets All 6 HCV Types

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):703. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10682

Assay Detects Drug-Resistance Genes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):703. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10684
The JAMA Forum

Place Matters for Tobacco Control

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(7):700-701. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10537
Global Health

Upsurge in Cases of Cutaneous Leishmaniasis in Syria

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):702. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10498

Disparities in HPV Vaccination Programs Worldwide

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):702. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10893

More Insights Into Zika Virus Infection and Birth Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):702. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.10895
The Art of JAMA

Face Mask: Bruce Nauman

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):694-695. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14434
Poetry and Medicine

Janus

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):776. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.3182
JAMA Patient Page

Dietary Guidelines for Americans—Eat Less Salt

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(7):782. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.0970
Comment & Response

Pain and Physical Function Following Bariatric Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):770. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.8590

Pain and Physical Function Following Bariatric Surgery—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):771. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.8593

Secondary Infection in Patients With Sepsis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):771-772. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9272

Dexmedetomidine to Reduce Intubation Time in Patients With Agitated Delirium

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):772-773. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.8599

Secondary Infection in Patients With Sepsis—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):772. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9279

Dexmedetomidine to Reduce Intubation Time in Patients With Agitated Delirium—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):773-774. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.8602

Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):774. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9236

Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):774. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9239

Prescribing Opioids for Chronic Pain—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2016;316(7):774-775. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9242
Correction

Expanded Explanation of the Sample Size Calculation

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(7):775. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.9458
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2016;316(7):689-691. doi:10.1001/jama.2015.14433
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