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June 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

April 4, 2017, Vol 317, No. 13, Pages 1291-1388

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1291-1293. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13064
Original Investigation

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Effect of Dexmedetomidine on Mortality and Ventilator-Free Days in Patients Requiring Mechanical Ventilation With Sepsis: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1321-1328. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2088

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of sedation with vs without dexmedetomidine on mortality and ventilator-free days in patients with sepsis.

Association Between Early Low-Dose Hydrocortisone Therapy in Extremely Preterm Neonates and Neurodevelopmental Outcomes at 2 Years of Age

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1329-1337. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2692

This secondary analysis of outcomes from the PREMILOC (Early Low-Dose Hydrocortisone to Improve Survival without Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia in Extremely Preterm Infants) trial compares neurodevelopmental impairment in neonates given hydrocortisone vs placebo.

Trends in Thyroid Cancer Incidence and Mortality in the United States, 1974-2013

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(13):1338-1348. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2719

This study uses SEER database data to compare thyroid cancer incidence and mortality rates in the United States by cancer type and stage between 1974 and 2013.

Preliminary Communication

Effect of Moderate-Intensity Exercise Training on Peak Oxygen Consumption in Patients With Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(13):1349-1357. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2503

This randomized clinical trial assesses whether moderate-intensity exercise training, compared with usual activity, improves exercise capacity in adults with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.

Research Letter

Rates of Cortical Atrophy in Adults 80 Years and Older With Superior vs Average Episodic Memory

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;317(13):1373-1375. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0627

This cohort study compares cortical volume change over 18 months among adults 80 years and older with memory at least as good as middle-aged adults (SuperAgers) vs cognitively average elderly peers.

Viewpoint

Prime Time for Shared Decision Making

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1309-1310. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0616

This Viewpoint proposes steps that policy makers and health systems can take to make high-quality shared decision making more routine in clinical practice.

Medical Liability Reform in a New Political Environment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1311-1312. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1405

This Viewpoint proposes newly conceivable federal policy options under a Republican president and Congress that may offer a more bipartisan and comprehensive approach to medical liability reform.

Making Health Care Markets Work: Competition Policy for Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1313-1314. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1173

With increasing consolidation of US physician practices and hospitals into health care systems, this Viewpoint discusses the negative effects on quality of patient care and health care costs, and it proposes potential solutions.

A Piece of My Mind

The Prescriptions I Write

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1315-1316. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.16796
Editorial

Reevaluating Postnatal Steroids for Extremely Preterm Infants to Prevent Lung Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1317-1318. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2725

Recreational Exercise in Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1319-1320. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2584
Review

Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1358-1367. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2200

This narrative review summarizes screening, diagnosis, and treatment options for patients with obsessive-compulsive disorder.

From the JAMA Network

Congenital Zika Syndrome in 2017

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1368-1369. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1553

This commentary discusses a case series of infants with congenital Zika virus infection published in JAMA Neurology that described developmental abnormalities more severe than had been previously reported.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

Fever in a Traveler Returning From Africa

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1370-1371. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.19729

A 35-year- old man had 4 days of fever, confusion, and jaundice after travel to Sierra Leone, where he did not take malaria prophylaxis or use insect repellent. His blood smear showed Plasmodium falciparum ring forms. What would you do next?

Medical News & Perspectives

Resetting the Circadian Clock Might Boost Metabolic Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1303-1305. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0653

This Medical News feature discusses the role of circadian clock in regulating metabolism.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

Biologic Medication for Psoriasis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1308. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2408

Detecting Bacteremia Pathogens

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1308. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2683

Test Aids Antibiotic Decisions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1308. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2685
The JAMA Forum

Vaccines and the Trump Administration

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1305-1306. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2311
Lab Reports

Allele-Specific Gene Expression May Influence Mental Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1307. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2529

Circadian Clock Boosts Stress-Response Genes During Aging

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1307. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.3108

Skin’s Natural Bacteria May Protect Against Pathogens

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1307. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.3111
The Arts and Medicine

How to Survive a Plague: The Next Great HIV/AIDS History

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1298-1299. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1325

This Arts and Medicine essay reviews David Frances’s book, How to Survive a Plague, an extensive account of the AIDS activists in the 1980s and 1990s who effectively mobilized to provide medical treatment and support for those suffering from the disease.

Poetry and Medicine

Fire, in the Kingdom of Animals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1380. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.18401
JAMA Revisited

Ehrlich and Von Behring

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1381. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0642
JAMA Patient Page

Vaginal and Urinary Symptoms of Menopause

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1388. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0833
Comment & Response

Rate of Persistent Postconcussive Symptoms

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1375. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1322

Rates of Persistent Postconcussive Symptoms

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1375-1376. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1327

Interventions for Anxiety and Depression in Conflict-Affected Areas

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1376. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1842

Interventions for Anxiety and Depression in Conflict-Affected Areas—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1376-1377. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1848

The Right to Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1377-1378. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1863

The Right to Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1378. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1866

Research on Gun Violence vs Other Causes of Death

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1378-1379. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2428

Research on Gun Violence vs Other Causes of Death

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1379. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.2440
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2017;317(13):1295-1296. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13065
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