This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of home oxygen therapy with vs without home noninvasive ventilation (NIV) on time to readmission or death in patients with persistent hypercapnia after an acute chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbation.
This study assesses the 6-month discriminative accuracy of patient mortality and functional outcome predictions made by intensive care unit (ICU) physicians and nurses at the time of ICU admission.
This analysis examines intervention communities in rural Uganda and Kenya in an ongoing cluster randomized trial to assess the change in the proportions of HIV-positive residents diagnosed with HIV, treated with ART, and achieving HIV viral suppression.
This meta-analysis evaluates associations between gestational weight gain above or below the Institute of Medicine guidelines and maternal and infant outcomes including size for gestational age, preterm birth, cesarean delivery, and gestational diabetes mellitus.
This study uses Medicare claims data to describe the use of annual wellness visits among Medicare beneficiaries in the United States from 2011 through 2014.
This study describes the number of H-1B visa physician applications and active care H-1B visa applications physicians by state and employer in 2016.
This Viewpoint summarizes rules in health care organizations that their own leaders identified as ones that contribute little or no value to care, impede the work of clinicians, frustrate patients and families, and waste time and resources.
This Viewpoint explores why biosimilars for chronic diseases, the largest category of biological therapies, are unlikely to yield cost savings.
This commentary discusses an observational study within a randomized clinical trial published in JAMA Ophthalmology that found intake of at least 500 mg/d of dietary long-chain ω-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (2 weekly servings of oily fish) is associated with a decreased risk of sight-threatening diabetic retinopathy among middle-aged and older individuals with type 2 diabetes.
A 27-year-old woman with pain in the right upper quadrant underwent a laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Lab tests were positive for JAK2 V617F, confirming the presence of clonal hematopoiesis. How would you proceed?
This Medical Letter review summarizes classes of drugs and other treatments approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for the prevention of migraine.
This Medical News article discusses the Fogarty International Center’s contributions to global health research.