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November 2021 - July 1883




June 13, 2017, Vol 317, No. 22, Pages 2251-2344

In This Issue of JAMA


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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2251-2253. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13163
Original Investigation

Effect of Abdominal Ultrasound on Clinical Care, Outcomes, and Resource Use Among Children With Blunt Torso Trauma: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2290-2296. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6322

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of adding focused assessment sonography for trauma (FAST) examination to a standard trauma evaluation on missed diagnoses and health services outcomes for pediatric patients with blunt torso trauma.

Effect of Low-Dose Ferrous Sulfate vs Iron Polysaccharide Complex on Hemoglobin Concentration in Young Children With Nutritional Iron-Deficiency Anemia: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2297-2304. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6846

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of ferrous sulfate vs iron polysaccharide complex on nutritional iron-deficiency anemia among infants and children aged 9 to 48 months receiving care at an outpatient hematology clinic at a US tertiary care hospital.

Association Between Elevated Brain Amyloid and Subsequent Cognitive Decline Among Cognitively Normal Persons

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2305-2316. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6669

This exploratory analysis compares rate of cognitive decline over 4 years between participants with normal vs elevated amyloid levels who are cognitively normal.

Comparison of Content on the American Board of Internal Medicine Maintenance of Certification Examination With Conditions Seen in Practice by General Internists

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2317-2324. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6853

This study compares the frequency of of medical conditions covered by questions on the American Board of Internal Medicine’s (ABIM’s) Internal Medicine Maintenance of Certification (MOC) examination with the frequency of conditions seen in general internal medicine practice.

Research Letter

Time to Delivery of an Automated External Defibrillator Using a Drone for Simulated Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrests vs Emergency Medical Services

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2332-2334. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.3957

This study compares the time to delivery of an automated external defibrillator using fully autonomous drones for simulated out-of-hospital cardiac arrests vs emergency medical services real-time responses.


Building a Broader Consensus for Health Reform

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2273-2274. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6689

This Viewpoint urges law makers build toward a bipartisan consensus for health care legislation.

Value-Based Payment Models for Community Health Centers: Time to (Cautiously) Take the Plunge?

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2275-2276. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5174

This Viewpoint discusses the drawbacks of the current reimbursement system for community health centers and highlights the benefits of new payment models if thoughtfully implemented.

Permanent GME Funding for Teaching Health Centers

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2277-2278. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5298

This Viewpoint argues for the importance and continued funding of the US teaching health center graduate medical education (GME) program, which funds community-based ambulatory primary care residency programs to address the shortage of primary care clinicians and improve primary care residency experiences.

Alternative Pathways to Board Recertification: To What End?

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2279-2280. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6120

This Viewpoint discusses origins of physician dissatisfaction with the maintenance of certification programs and how physicians, specialty boards, and others are working to evolve the programs toward processes of certification more relevant to contemporary practice.

A Piece of My Mind

Gray Areas

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2281-2282. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1657

Abdominal Ultrasound for Pediatric Blunt Trauma: FAST Is Not Always Better

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2283-2285. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6163

Brain Amyloid Pathology and Cognitive Function: Alzheimer Disease Without Dementia?

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2285-2287. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6895

Physician Certification and Recertification: The Role of Empirical Evidence

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2288-2289. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7342
From the JAMA Network

Online Measures of Physician Performance: Moving Beyond Aggregation to Integration

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2325-2326. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.3979

This commentary discusses a study published in JAMA Dermatology that identified the type of information included on websites providing consumer reviews of physicians and aspects of their practice settings.

JAMA Clinical Evidence Synopsis

NSAIDs for Chronic Low Back Pain

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2327-2328. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4571

This Clinical Evidence Synopsis summarizes a Cochrane review of clinical trials comparing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) with other drug treatments, nondrug treatments, or placebo in patients with chronic low back pain.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

A Man With a Nonblanchable Purpuric Rash

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2329-2330. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4954

An older man presented with 4 weeks of diffuse rash and elbow and knee pain. The rash improved initially with prednisone but recurred at tapered dosing. Laboratory tests revealed normal blood cell counts, normal values for renal and hepatic panels, microscopic hematuria, and 1+ proteinuria. What would you do next?

Medical News & Perspectives

More Treatments on Deck for Alcohol Use Disorder

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2267-2269. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4760

This Medical News article discusses potential new treatment options for patients with alcohol use disorder.

The JAMA Forum

Where Does the Health Insurance Premium Dollar Go?

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2269-2270. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6200
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Mercury Risk at Day Care Center

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2272. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6559

Decline in Death Rates Among Blacks

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2272. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6562
Biotech Innovations

In-home, Over-the-counter Sleep Apnea Sensor on the Horizon

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2271. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6928

Facebook Plans Brain-Typing Project With Medical Applications

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2271. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7151

Amid FDA Approval Filings, Another CAR-T Therapy Patient Death

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2271. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7153
Poetry and Medicine

Song for Pollock

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2338. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0863
JAMA Revisited

Minor Comments

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2339. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5055
JAMA Patient Page

Cardiac Catheterization

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2344. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.0708
Comment & Response

Genetic Predisposition to Abdominal Adiposity and Cardiometabolic Risk

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2334. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5041

Genetic Predisposition to Abdominal Obesity and Cardiometabolic Risk—Reply

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2334-2335. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5044

Cognitive Function After Testosterone Treatment

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2335. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5241

Cognitive Function After Testosterone Treatment

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2335-2336. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5245

Childhood and Adolescent Obesity as a Winnable Battle

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2336. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5971

Childhood and Adolescent Obesity as a Winnable Battle—Reply

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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2336-2337. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5983
JAMA Masthead


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JAMA. 2017;317(22):2255-2256. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13164