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May 2023 - July 1883




September 12, 2017, Vol 318, No. 10, Pages 883-974

In This Issue of JAMA


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JAMA. 2017;318(10):883-885. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13300
Original Investigation

Effect of Axillary Dissection vs No Axillary Dissection on 10-Year Overall Survival Among Women With Invasive Breast Cancer and Sentinel Node Metastasis: The ACOSOG Z0011 (Alliance) Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):918-926. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11470

This noninferiority trial compares 10-year overall survival of women with invasive breast cancer and sentinel lymph node metastases treated with breast-conserving therapy and sentinel lymph node dissection alone vs axillary dissection.

Menopausal Hormone Therapy and Long-term All-Cause and Cause-Specific Mortality: The Women’s Health Initiative Randomized Trials

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):927-938. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11217

This observational follow-up (cumulative 18 years) of postmenopausal women enrolled in 2 RCTs compared rates of all-cause, cardiovascular, and cancer mortality between groups receiving hormone therapy (conjugated equine estrogens [CEE] plus medroxyprogesterone acetate) or CEE alone vs placebo.

Association Between Laparoscopic Antireflux Surgery and Recurrence of Gastroesophageal Reflux

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):939-946. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10981

This cohort study assesses the risk of recurrence of gastroesophageal reflux after laparoscopic antireflux surgery and risk factors for reflux recurrence.

Association of Genetic Variants Related to CETP Inhibitors and Statins With Lipoprotein Levels and Cardiovascular Risk

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):947-956. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11467

This mendelian randomization analysis of individual-participant data estimated the association between changes in levels of low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (and other lipoproteins) and risk of cardiovascular events due to CETP variants, alone and in combination with HMGCR variants.

Research Letter

Association Between Ruptured Distal Biceps Tendon and Wild-Type Transthyretin Cardiac Amyloidosis

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):962-963. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9236

This cross-sectional study compares the frequency of rupture of the distal biceps tendon in patients with wild-type transthyretin amyloidosis cardiomyopathy vs those with other causes of heart failure.


Preventing Cancer and Other Diseases Caused by Human Papillomavirus Infection: 2017 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Research Award

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):901-902. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11706

In this Viewpoint, 2017 Lasker-DeBakey Clinical Medical Research Award winners Douglas Lowy and John Schiller discuss the development of the virus-like particle technology that was used to create the human papillomavirus vaccine to prevent cervical cancer and other diseases.

A Century of Progressing and Advancing Reproductive Health Care: The 2017 Lasker-Bloomberg Public Service Award

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):903-904. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11957

In this Viewpoint, Cecile Richards on behalf of Planned Parenthood—the 2017 Lasker-Bloomberg Public Service Award winner—traces the 100-year history of the organization’s provision of medical and reproductive health services to US women and the effect of those services on women’s health, well-being, and career trajectories.

Diagnostic Errors and Diagnostic Calibration

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):905-906. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11030

This Viewpoint discusses physician and patient factors that affect clinical decision making and may lead to diagnostic errors during the treatment of patients.

A Piece of My Mind

What Should I Do When I Hear the Call for Medical Assistance in a Plane?

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):907-908. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7187

Breast Cancer Surgery: Less Is More

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):909-911. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12890

Menopausal Hormone Therapy: Understanding Long-term Risks and Benefits

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):911-913. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11462

The Durability of Antireflux Surgery

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):913-915. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11461

Genetic Studies Help Clarify the Complexities of Lipid Biology and Treatment

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):915-917. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11750
JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Acute Diarrheal Infections in Adults

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):957-958. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8485

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the 2016 American College of Gastroenterology’s guideline on diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of acute diarrheal infections in adults.

JAMA Diagnostic Test Interpretation

Antiphospholipid Antibodies

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):959-960. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4854

A 39-year-old man with a history of ischemic stroke presented with right calf swelling and shortness of breath and was diagnosed with pulmonary embolism by CTPA. Testing 2 days later showed elevated titers of anticardiolipin and anti–β2 glycoprotein I antibodies and negative lupus anticoagulant screening assays. How would you interpret these results?

Medical News & Perspectives

New Hope for a Gonorrhea Vaccine

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):894-895. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11037

This Medical News article discusses findings that a meningococcal vaccine might also protect against gonorrhea.

The JAMA Forum

“America’s Health First”: A Misnomer

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):896-897. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11239
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Lax Infection Control Consequences

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):899. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11455

Challenges in HCV Elimination

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):899. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11457
Biotech Innovations

Nanochip Turns Skin Into a Bioreactor

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):898. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12097

Lightweight Exosuit Could Help Patients Walk After Stroke

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):898. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13165

Expanded Tissue Samples Poised to Assist Pathologists

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):898. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13167
Poetry and Medicine

Michael Jackson’s Procedures

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):967. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4280
JAMA Revisited

Progress in Teaching Psychiatry: Adolf Meyer, M.D., Baltimore

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):968. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10486
JAMA Patient Page


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JAMA. 2017;318(10):974. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10476
Comment & Response

Guideline Recommendations for Statin Therapy

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):963-964. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11375

Behavioral Economics and Health Insurance Reform

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):964-965. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10548

Guideline Recommendations for Statin Therapy—Reply

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):964. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11379

Medication Reconciliation vs Medication Review

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):965-966. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10552

Behavioral Economics and Health Insurance Reform—Reply

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):965. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10556

Medication Reconciliation vs Medication Review—Reply

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JAMA. 2017;318(10):966. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10560
JAMA Masthead


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JAMA. 2017;318(10):887-888. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13301