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September 2019 - July 1883




October 10, 2017, Vol 318, No. 14, Pages 1297-1406

In This Issue of JAMA


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1297-1299. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13344
Original Investigation

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Effect of Lung Recruitment and Titrated Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) vs Low PEEP on Mortality in Patients With Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1335-1345. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.14171

This randomized trial compares the effects of ventilator lung recruitment using PEEP titration vs a conventional low-PEEP strategy on 28-day mortality in patients with moderate to severe acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS).

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Effect of Individualized vs Standard Blood Pressure Management Strategies on Postoperative Organ Dysfunction Among High-Risk Patients Undergoing Major Surgery: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1346-1357. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.14172

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of an individualized blood pressure management strategy vs standard blood pressure management strategy on postoperative organ dysfunction among high-risk patients undergoing major surgery.

Association of Insulin Pump Therapy vs Insulin Injection Therapy With Severe Hypoglycemia, Ketoacidosis, and Glycemic Control Among Children, Adolescents, and Young Adults With Type 1 Diabetes

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1358-1366. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13994

This population-based cohort study compares rates of severe hypoglycemia and diabetic ketoacidosis among children, adolescents, and young adults with type 1 diabetes managed with insulin pump therapy vs insulin injection therapy.

Association Between Biomarkers of Ovarian Reserve and Infertility Among Older Women of Reproductive Age

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1367-1376. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.14588

This cohort study investigates associations between biomarkers of ovarian reserve and reproductive potential among women of late reproductive age.

Research Letter

Effects of Behavioral Interventions on Inappropriate Antibiotic Prescribing in Primary Care 12 Months After Stopping Interventions

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1391-1392. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11152

This study examines assesses inappropriate antibiotic prescribing 12 months after stopping a randomized clinical trial of a behavioral intervention intended to reduce the rate of inappropriate antibiotic prescribing for acute respiratory infections.


Flawed Theories to Explain Child Physical Abuse: What Are the Medical-Legal Consequences?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(14):1317-1318. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11703

This Viewpoint urges the use of clinical judgment and evidence-based standards when evaluating or testifying about child abuse injuries in light of a rise in unsubstantiated theories (such as vitamin D deficiency) that discount abuse as a cause of those injuries.

Cybersecurity—A Serious Patient Care Concern

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(14):1319-1320. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11986

This Viewpoint discusses efforts by the health care industry to safeguard patient information from cyber attacks.

Advancing the Research Mission in a Time of Mergers and Acquisitions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(14):1321-1322. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11812

This Viewpoint discusses the risks posed by the merging of academic medical centers (AMCs) with nonacademic hospital networks and health systems to AMC investigators and the research enterprise.

Is Cognitive Behavioral Therapy the Gold Standard for Psychotherapy?The Need for Plurality in Treatment and Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(14):1323-1324. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13737

This Viewpoint reviews recent research findings questioning the status of cognitive behavioral therapy as the gold standard for treating mental disorders.

A Piece of My Mind

Global Health: What’s in It for Us?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(14):1325-1326. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13203

Lung Recruitment and Titrated PEEP in Moderate to Severe ARDS: Is the Door Closing on the Open Lung?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1327-1329. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13695

Perioperative Management of High-Risk Patients: Going Beyond “Avoid Hypoxia and Hypotension”

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1330-1332. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13699

Using Antimüllerian Hormone to Predict Fertility

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1333-1334. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.14954
Users' Guides to the Medical Literature

Discrimination and Calibration of Clinical Prediction Models: Users’ Guides to the Medical Literature

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1377-1384. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12126

This Users’ Guide to the Medical Literature discusses discrimination and calibration, 2 primary ways to measure and compare the accuracy of clinical risk prediction models.

JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods

Gatekeeping Strategies for Avoiding False-Positive Results in Clinical Trials With Many Comparisons

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(14):1385-1386. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13276

The thing

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Management of a Diabetic Foot

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(14):1387-1388. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11700

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the 2016 practice guideline on management of diabetic foot sponsored by the Society for Vascular Surgery in collaboration with the American Podiatric Medical Association and the Society for Vascular Medicine.

Medical News & Perspectives

New Toolkits Help Physicians Detect, Diagnose, and Manage Dementia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(14):1310-1312. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13627

This Medical News story discusses 2 new toolkits aimed at helping primary care physicians detect, diagnose, and manage dementia in patients.

The JAMA Forum

Science and the Trump Administration

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1312-1313. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.14813
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

As Heroin Death Rates Rose, So Did Illicit Drug Seizures

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1315. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.14433

Virgin Islands’ Zika Awareness

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1315. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.14435
Biotech Innovations

Skin-like Wearable Health Monitors

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1314. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.14440

Rapid Test for Antibiotic Susceptibility

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1314. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15190

A Retinal Scan for Alzheimer Disease

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1314. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15192
The Arts and Medicine

Black Women in Medicine—A Documentary

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1306-1307. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11551

This Arts and Medicine essay reviews the 2016 independent feature film Black Women in Medicine, which chronicles the experiences of African American US female physicians.

Poetry and Medicine

The Death of Michael Jackson

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(14):1397. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.4232
JAMA Revisited

Medicolegal: Illegal Prescribing of Intoxicating Liquor

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(14):1398. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10490
JAMA Patient Page


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1406. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13267
Comment & Response

Elevated Brain Amyloid in Cognitively Normal Individuals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(14):1392-1393. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12951

Elevated Brain Amyloid in Cognitively Normal Individuals—Reply

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1393-1394. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12962

The FAST Examination for Children With Abdominal Trauma

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(14):1394. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12943

The FAST Examination for Children With Abdominal Trauma—Reply

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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1394-1395. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12958

Security of Text Messaging in Clinical Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(14):1395. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12947

Security of Text Messaging in Clinical Care—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(14):1396. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12966
JAMA Masthead


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(14):1301-1302. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13345