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October 2021 - July 1883




October 24/31, 2017, Vol 318, No. 16, Pages 1517-1622

In This Issue of JAMA


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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1517-1519. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13366
Original Investigation

Effect of Therapeutic Hypothermia Initiated After 6 Hours of Age on Death or Disability Among Newborns With Hypoxic-Ischemic Encephalopathy: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1550-1560. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.14972

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of whole-body cooling vs usual care on death or disability at 18 to 22 months among infants with hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy.

Association of Robotic-Assisted vs Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy With Perioperative Outcomes and Health Care Costs, 2003 to 2015

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1561-1568. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.14586

This cohort study uses commercially available health care improvement database data to compare trends in the use, outcomes, and costs of robotic-assisted vs laparoscopic nephrectomy in the United States between 2003 and 2015.

Effect of Robotic-Assisted vs Conventional Laparoscopic Surgery on Risk of Conversion to Open Laparotomy Among Patients Undergoing Resection for Rectal Cancer: The ROLARR Randomized Clinical Trial

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1569-1580. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7219

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of robotic-assisted vs conventional laparoscopic surgery on the risk of conversion to open laparotomy among patients undergoing resection for rectal cancer.

Association of Prehospital Blood Product Transfusion During Medical Evacuation of Combat Casualties in Afghanistan With Acute and 30-Day Survival

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1581-1591. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15097

This cohort study examines associations between prehospital blood product transfusion and injury survival among US military combat casualties in Afghanistan.

Research Letter

Excretion of the Herbicide Glyphosate in Older Adults Between 1993 and 2016

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1610-1611. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11726

This study reports urinary levels of glyphosate, an herbicide sprayed onto genetically modified crops, among participants in the Rancho Bernardo Study of Healthy Aging between 1993 and 2016.


An HIV Vaccine Is Essential for Ending the HIV/AIDS Pandemic

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1535-1536. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13505

In this Viewpoint, Anthony Fauci discusses the limits of current treatment and prevention approaches to the HIV epidemic and proposes that the addition of an HIV vaccine is necessary to slow and end it.

Ten Steps the Federal Government Should Take Now to Reverse the Opioid Addiction Epidemic

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1537-1538. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.14567

In this Viewpoint, former CDC Director Tom Frieden outlines 10 steps the federal government should take to prevent opioid addiction among nonusers and treat addiction and prevent overdoses among current users.

Reframing the Opioid Epidemic as a National Emergency

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1539-1540. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13358

This Viewpoint discusses the president’s recent declaration of a public health emergency in response to the opioid crisis in the United States.

FDA Approval of Nonadjunctive Use of Continuous Glucose Monitors for Insulin Dosing: A Potentially Risky Decision

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1541-1542. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12075

This Viewpoint discusses the potential risks of the US Food and Drug Administration’s 2016 approval of the Dexcom G5 Mobile continuous glucose monitor for making diabetes treatment decisions without confirmation of the device’s readings with fingerstick or laboratory testing.

A Piece of My Mind

A Death in the Family

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1543-1544. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13531

Robotic-Assisted Surgery: Balancing Evidence and Implementation

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1545-1547. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13696

Prehospital Blood Transfusion for Combat Casualties

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1548-1549. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15096

Urinary Incontinence in Women: A Review

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1592-1604. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12137

This narrative review summarizes evaluation and treatment of urinary incontinence in women, including use of exercises, lifestyle modifications, medications, and surgical approaches to manage the condition.

JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods

Bayesian Analysis: Using Prior Information to Interpret the Results of Clinical Trials

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1605-1606. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15574

This JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods discusses the Bayesian approach to integrating or updating information from previous studies with newly obtained data to yield a final quantitative summary of the information.

From The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics

Prasterone (Intrarosa) for Dyspareunia

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1607-1608. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.14981

This Medical Letter review summarizes treatment options for dyspareunia, focusing on use of intravaginal prasterone for treatment of moderate to severe dyspareunia in postmenopausal women.

Medical News & Perspectives

Could a New Method to Detect Coronary Inflammation Prevent Heart Attacks?

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1527-1528. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13413

This Medical News article discusses preventing heart attacks by analyzing perivascular fat content.

The JAMA Forum

Long-term Care: Investing in Models That Work

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1529-1530. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15230
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Hispanic Kids Shoulder High Leukemia Burden

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1533. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15335

Brucella in Raw Milk Prompts Health Warning in Texas

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1533. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15338
Clinical Trials Update

Liraglutide May Reduce Diabetic Kidney Disease

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1532. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15293

Intervention Improves Adherence to Opioid Prescribing Guidelines

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1532. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15789

Baby-Led Weaning Does Not Reduce Risk of Overweight

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1532. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15793

Lay Workers Can Ease Distress in Women Exposed to Violence

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1532. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15796

PCPs Can Manage Genomic Results but Clinical Utility Is Limited

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1532. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15798
Health Agencies Update

NIH Funds “Tissue Chip” Models for Drug Screening

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1531. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15522

Federal Task Force to Address Pain Management

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1531. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15980

New Data on Suicide Risk Among Military Veterans

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1531. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15982
Poetry and Medicine

Lear as an Aging Musician

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1616. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7266
JAMA Revisited

Treatment of the Opium Neurosis: By Stephen Lett, M.D., Ont., Canada

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1617. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10492
JAMA Patient Page

Urinary Incontinence in Women

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1622. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.15571
Comment & Response

Prediabetes Prevalence in China

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1611-1613. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13744

Prediabetes Prevalence in China—Reply

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1612-1613. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13752

Improving Direct-to-Consumer Medical Testing

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1613. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13733

Improving Direct-to-Consumer Medical Testing—Reply

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1613-1614. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13756

PET Scans With 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose to Diagnose Adrenal Tumors

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1614. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13748

PET Scans With 18F-Fluorodeoxyglucose to Diagnose Adrenal Tumors—Reply

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1614-1615. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13759

Incorrect Dosage Information in Table

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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1615. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11827
JAMA Masthead


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JAMA. 2017;318(16):1521-1522. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13367