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January 2023 - July 1883

Decade

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Issue

December 26, 2017, Vol 318, No. 24, Pages 2403-2503

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(24):2403-2405. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13457
Original Investigation

Effect of Antibiotic Prophylaxis on Surgical Site Infections Following Removal of Orthopedic Implants Used for Treatment of Foot, Ankle, and Lower Leg Fractures: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(24):2438-2445. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19343

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of a single preoperative dose of cefazolin vs saline on the incidence of surgical site infection following removal of orthopedic implants used for treatment of below-knee fractures.

Association of Short-term Exposure to Air Pollution With Mortality in Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(24):2446-2456. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17923

This case-crossover study estimates the association between short-term exposures to ambient fine particulate matter and ozone and mortality in the continental United States.

Association of Modifiable Risk Factors in Young Adulthood With Racial Disparity in Incident Type 2 Diabetes During Middle Adulthood

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(24):2457-2465. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19546

This study uses data from the observational Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study to assess disparity in diabetes risk between black and white middle-aged adults.

Association Between Calcium or Vitamin D Supplementation and Fracture Incidence in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(24):2466-2482. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19344

This meta-analysis summarizes the effects of calcium, vitamin D, or combined calcium and vitamin D supplements on fracture incidence among community-dwelling older adults.

Research Letter

Trends in Self-reported and Biochemically Tested Marijuana Use Among Pregnant Females in California From 2009-2016

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JAMA. 2017;318(24):2490-2491. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17225

This study uses data from a large California health care system to investigate trends in prenatal marijuana use from 2009 through 2016.

Viewpoint

Encouraging New Uses for Old Drugs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2421-2422. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17535

This Viewpoint discusses ways in which government agencies could encourage discovery of new indications for older, off-patent drugs.

The Importance of Continued US Investment to Sustain Momentum Toward Global Health Security

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2423-2424. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17188

This Viewpoint discusses the importance of the United States’ commitment to support the Global Health Security Agenda to help protect the nation and the world from epidemic disease.

The Iatrogenic Potential of the Physician’s Words

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2425-2426. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.16216

This Viewpoint discusses how physicians’ choice of words can amplify patients’ symptoms and distress and suggests approaches to communication in common situations that could reduce iatrogenic nocebo effects.

Transforming the Military Health System

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JAMA. 2017;318(24):2427-2428. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.16718

This Viewpoint describes the five lines of reform the US Department of Defense is implementing for its TRICARE health plan, the main provider of health care services to enlisted service members in all military branches, their families, and retirees.

A Piece of My Mind

Negative Capability and the Art of Medicine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2429-2430. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19333

This essay ponders John Keats’ erstwhile mention of negative capability as a prelude to identifying the art of treating patients that reaches beyond or within the bounds of science.

Editorial

Low-Level Air Pollution Associated With Death: Policy and Clinical Implications

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2431-2432. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.18948

Authorship and Team Science

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(24):2433-2437. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19341
From the JAMA Network

Sports-Related Eye Injuries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2483-2484. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17560

This commentary discusses a cross-sectional analysis published in JAMA Ophthalmology describing incidence of sports-related ocular trauma in US emergency departments.

JAMA Performance Improvement

Insulin Dosing Error in a Patient With Severe Hyperkalemia

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(24):2485-2486. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7964

This JAMA Performance Improvement article uses the case of a patient who received an overdose of insulin to discuss proper protocol and follow-up after a medication dosing error.

From The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics

Guselkumab (Tremfya) for Psoriasis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2487-2488. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.18515

This Medical Letter review summarizes the mechanism of action and adverse effects of guselkumab, an interleukin-23 blocker, for treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis in adults who are candidates for systemic or phototherapy.

Medical News & Perspectives

Will the FDA’s New Tobacco Strategy Be a Game Changer?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2413-2415. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.16396

In this Medical News article, experts discuss the FDA’s strategy to reduce nicotine in cigarettes to nonaddictive levels.

Emergency Department Opioid Misuse Diagnoses Increasing in Adolescents and Young Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2416-2417. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.16586

This Medical News article discusses trends in opioid misuse and dependence in adolescents and young adults.

News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Lyme Disease Spreading Beyond States With Historically High Incidence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2420. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19129

Most Drinking Water–Associated Disease Outbreaks Linked to Legionella

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2420. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19202
Clinical Trials Update

Stenting Does Not Relieve Stable Angina Symptoms

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2419. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19023

Recumbent Delivery With Epidural and Spontaneous Vaginal Births

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2419. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19985

Gamification Shows Promise in Motivating Physical Activity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2419. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19987

Prochlorperazine Superior to Hydromorphone for Migraine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2419. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19989

Surgery Improves Seizures in Children With Drug-Resistant Epilepsy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2419-2420. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19991
Health Agencies Update

Opioid Emergency Declared

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2418. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19014

NIH Strategy to Combat Opioid Crisis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2418. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19920

Crowdsourcing Pregnancy Data

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2418. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19923

CMS Vows to Overhaul Medicaid

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2418. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19928
The Arts and Medicine

Movie Review of The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2410-2412. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17916

This Arts and Medicine essay reviews the HBO adaptation of The Immortal Life of Henrietta Lacks, produced by Oprah Winfrey, and the ongoing relevance of the story to life sciences research ethics.

Poetry and Medicine

Arrived

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2497. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9062
JAMA Revisited

Charcot’s Opinion and Criticism of German Medicine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2498. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.10500
JAMA Patient Page

Heat Stroke

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(24):2503. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.18780

This JAMA Patient Page describes heat stroke, its prevention, and its treatment.

Comment & Response

Evidence Required for Drugs Granted Accelerated Approval

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2492-2493. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17180

Azithromycin and Survival After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2492. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17228

Azithromycin and Survival After Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2492. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17236

Evidence Required for Drugs Granted Accelerated Approval—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2493-2494. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17184

Intensive Lifestyle Intervention for Type 2 Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2494. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17232

Intensive Lifestyle Intervention for Type 2 Diabetes—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2494-2495. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17240

Spiritual Care in Medicine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2495-2496. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.16559

Spiritual Care in Medicine—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(24):2496. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.16571
Correction

Error in Figure Title

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(24):2496. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19356
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(24):2407-2408. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13458
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