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September 2019 - July 1883




July 18, 2017, Vol 318, No. 3, Pages 215-310

In This Issue of JAMA


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(3):215-217. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13223
Original Investigation

Effect of High-Dose vs Standard-Dose Wintertime Vitamin D Supplementation on Viral Upper Respiratory Tract Infections in Young Healthy Children

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JAMA. 2017;318(3):245-254. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8708

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of 2000 IU vs 400 IU of vitamin D supplementation on the number of upper respiratory tract infections among preschool children during winter months in Canada.

Associations of Weight Gain From Early to Middle Adulthood With Major Health Outcomes Later in Life

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JAMA. 2017;318(3):255-269. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7092

This cohort analysis uses Nurses’ Health Study and Health Professionals Follow-Up Study data to examine the association between weight gain in early to middle adulthood and heart disease, cancer, and death later in life.

Association of Changing Hospital Readmission Rates With Mortality Rates After Hospital Discharge

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(3):270-278. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8444

This cohort study examines whether reductions in hospital readmission rates following hospitalizations for heart failure, acute myocardial infarction, and pneumonia are associated with mortality rates after hospital discharge among Medicare fee-for-service beneficiaries.

Research Letter

Association Between Structured Physical Activity and Sedentary Time in Older Adults

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JAMA. 2017;318(3):297-299. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7203

This post hoc exploratory analysis of Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) trial data examines the association between the trial’s physical activity intervention and sedentary time in older adults.


The Evolving Story of Overlapping Surgery

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(3):233-234. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8061

This Viewpoint discusses the practice of scheduling overlapping surgeries, calls for studies to determine if the practice is harmful to patients, and suggests behavioral modification to help restore public trust of patients and regulators in surgeons and surgical practice.

Treating Anxiety in 2017: Optimizing Care to Improve Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):235-236. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6996

This Viewpoint summarizes best practices for the diagnosis and treatment of anxiety disorders by nonpsychiatrist physicians.

The Role of Patient Engagement in Addressing Parents’ Perceptions About Immunizations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):237-238. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7168

This Viewpoint discusses cognitive biases that underlie vaccine hesitancy and refusal and proposes strategies for respectfully engaging with patients to address concerns and increase vaccination over time.

A Piece of My Mind

The Absurd

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):239-240. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.5955

Obesity and Excessive Weight Gain in Young Adults: New Targets for Prevention

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):241-242. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6119

Readmissions Have Declined, and Mortality Has Not Increased: The Importance of Evaluating Unintended Consequences

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):243-244. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8705

Diagnosis and Management of Asthma in Adults: A Review

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(3):279-290. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8372

This review describes the characteristics of asthma and presents an evidence-based approach to the diagnosis and management of mild to moderate stable asthma in adults.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Management of Acute Diverticulitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):291-292. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6373

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the 2015 American Gastroenterological Association’s guideline on the management of acute diverticulitis.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

A Bleeding Oral Mass in a Pregnant Woman

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(3):293-294. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6901

A 24-year-old woman at 26 weeks’ gestation had a quickly developing vascular nodular mass with friable edges on her upper maxillary gingiva. She has no fever, local trauma, or lymphadenopathy. What would you do next?

Medical News & Perspectives

Can a Diet That Mimics Fasting Turn Back the Clock?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):227-229. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6648

This Medical News article discusses how periodic bouts of a fasting-mimicking diet may affect longevity.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

Opioid Should Come Off the Market

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):232. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8435

Expanded Use for Heart Valve

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):232. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8437

Generic ADHD Drug

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):232. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8439
The JAMA Forum

Revisiting Medicaid

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(3):229-230. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7999
Global Health

Health Care Attacks Continue in 23 Countries Around the World

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):231. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.8323

Drug-Resistant Tuberculosis Predicted to Increase in High-Burden Countries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):231. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9086

Vaginal Microbiome Affects Efficacy of HIV Microbicide

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):231. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.9091
Poetry and Medicine

At Our Fingertips

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):303. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.1111
JAMA Revisited
JAMA Patient Page

Checking Blood Pressure at Home

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(3):310. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.6670
Comment & Response

Vitamin D Supplementation and Cancer Risk

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):299. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7833

Vitamin D Supplementation and Cancer Risk

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):299-300. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7857

Screening Pelvic Examinations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):300. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7825

Screening Pelvic Examinations—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):300-301. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7837

For-Profit Medical Education

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):301. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7821

For-Profit Medical Education

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):301-302. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7829

For-Profit Medical Education—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2017;318(3):302. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7861
JAMA Masthead


Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2017;318(3):219-220. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.13224