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August 2018 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

March 20, 2018, Vol 319, No. 11, Pages 1069-1176

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1069-1071. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12284
Viewpoint

Appropriately Framing Child Health Care SpendingA Prerequisite for Value Improvement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1087-1088. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0014

This Viewpoint cautions against the misperception that health care spending on children in the United States is small compared with that for adults, arguing that a proper appreciation of the magnitude of spending is required to reduce the financial burden on families and make informed decisions about how to allocate limited resources.

Can Infection Prevention Programs in Hospitals and Nursing Facilities Be Integrated?From Silos to Partners

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1089-1090. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0060

This Viewpoint argues that integrated infection prevention programs in which hospitals share resources, standards, responsibility, and oversight for infection control with nursing homes could reduce resident readmissions and costs and limit the transmission of drug-resistant organisms between facilities.

Reducing Overtreatment of Cancer With Precision MedicineJust What the Doctor Ordered

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1091-1092. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0018

This Viewpoint uses advances in breast cancer to discuss how physicians might harness precision medicine to reduce the burden on patients of unnecessary treatment.

A Piece of My Mind

Collateral Damage

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1093. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.2183

In this essay, the author a resident physician caring for an infant hospitalized for injury from physical abuse and for neonatal abstinence syndrome, wonders about the circumstances that led to the infant’s mistreatment and about how her life will develop.

Editorial

The Global HIV EpidemicWhat Will It Take to Get to the Finish Line?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1094-1095. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.2093

Quality of Health Care for ChildrenThe Need for a Firm Foundation of Trustworthy Evidence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1096-1097. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0161

Neurological Symptoms Among US Diplomats in Cuba

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1098-1100. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1780

Sun Protection and Skin Self-examination and the US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation on Behavioral Counseling for Skin Cancer Prevention

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1101-1102. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0163
Original Investigation

Effect of Offering Same-Day ART vs Usual Health Facility Referral During Home-Based HIV Testing on Linkage to Care and Viral Suppression Among Adults With HIV in LesothoThe CASCADE Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1103-1112. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1818

This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of immediate antiretroviral therapy (ART) vs referral to the nearest health facility on linkage to care and viral suppression among ART-native adults in rural Lesotho who home-tested positive for HIV.

Quality of Health Care for Children in Australia, 2012-2013

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1113-1124. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0162

This study uses medical record review to estimate the quality of health care for noncommunicable, mental health, and infectious conditions among children in Australia in inpatient, emergency, and ambulatory health care settings.

Preliminary Communication

Neurological Manifestations Among US Government Personnel Reporting Directional Audible and Sensory Phenomena in Havana, Cuba

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1125-1133. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1742

This case series describes findings from the clinical evaluation of US government personnel reporting symptoms after exposure to directional audible and sensory phenomena during their postings in Havana, Cuba, and their clinical outcomes after rehabilitation.

US Preventive Services Task Force

Recommendation Statement

Behavioral Counseling to Prevent Skin CancerUS Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1134-1142. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1623

This 2018 US Preventive Services Task Force guideline update recommends clinicians counsel patients aged 6 months to 24 years with fair skin types to minimize exposure to UV radiation to reduce risk of skin cancer (B recommendation), selectively counseling patients older than 24 years based on skin cancer risk factors (C recommendation), and concludes that current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of counseling adults about skin self-examination to prevent skin cancer (I statement).

Evidence Report

Behavioral Counseling for Skin Cancer PreventionEvidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1143-1157. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21630

This systematic review to support the 2018 update of the US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on skin cancer prevention summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of behavioral counseling for skin cancer prevention.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

Peristomal Nodule in a Patient With Ovarian Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1158-1159. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0770

A 56-year-old woman with a history of ovarian cancer and surgical colostomy for small bowel obstruction had a firm, nontender, multilobulated nodule with an ulcerated center adjacent to her stoma, without change despite multiple rounds of antibiotics. What would you do next?

Research Letter

Disposal of Paper Records Containing Personal Information in Hospitals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1162-1163. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21533

This study assessed the presence, amount, and sensitivity of personally identifiable information and personal health information found in hospital recycling bins in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.

Medical News & Perspectives

More Questions Raised by Concussion-like Symptoms Found in US Diplomats Who Served in Havana

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1079-1081. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1751

This Medical News article discusses recent findings that suggest former members of the US diplomatic community in Havana developed concussion-like symptoms, despite no history of head trauma, and explores possible causes and next steps.

A Day in the Life: Planned Parenthood Physician Provides Reproductive Health Care to the Underserved

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1081-1083. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0422

As part of an ongoing series profiling the daily routine of health care professionals making a difference in their communities, this Medical News article profiles a planned parenthood physician who provides reproductive health care to the underserved.

Weighing the Risks and Benefits of Hormonal Contraception

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1083-1084. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0448

This Medical News story discusses the risks and benefits of hormonal contraception in light of recent research assessing the association between contemporary hormonal contraception use and breast cancer risk.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

Domestically Produced Radioisotope

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1086. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1807

Smart Watch Detects Seizures

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1086. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1809

New Treatment Option for Pneumonia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1086. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1812
Global Health

Surgical Outcomes Are Worse in African Countries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1085. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1791

NTDs Added to African Leaders Malaria Alliance Scorecard

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1085. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.2365

Air Pollution Is Greatest Environmental Threat to Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1085. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.2366
Comment & Response

Robotic-Assisted vs Conventional Laparoscopic Surgery for Rectal Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1163-1164. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21692

Robotic-Assisted vs Conventional Laparoscopic Surgery for Rectal Cancer—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1164-1165. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21696

Robotic-Assisted vs Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1165. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21848

Robotic-Assisted vs Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1165-1166. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21860

Prehospital Blood Product Transfusion and Combat Injury Survival

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1166-1167. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21676

Robotic-Assisted vs Laparoscopic Radical Nephrectomy—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1166. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21876

Prehospital Blood Product Transfusion and Combat Injury Survival—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1167-1168. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21700
Correction

Author Name Misspelled

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1168. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.2159
The Arts and Medicine

Messengers of Truth and Health—Young Artists of Color Raise Their Voices to Prevent Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1076-1078. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0986

This Arts and Medicine essay describes The Bigger Picture, a California-based arts and public health campaign that helps young people of color develop original spoken word poetry and hip hop music videos that address structural causes of type 2 diabetes in the United States.

Poetry and Medicine

*How Life Is

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1169. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.11856
JAMA Revisited

The Decline of an Old Amenity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1170. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12292
JAMA Patient Page

Behavioral Counseling for Skin Cancer Prevention

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1176. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1624

This JAMA Patient Page discusses the US Preventive Services Task Force’s recommendations on behavioral counseling for skin cancer prevention.

JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(11):1073-1074. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12285
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