This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of immediate antiretroviral therapy (ART) vs referral to the nearest health facility on linkage to care and viral suppression among ART-native adults in rural Lesotho who home-tested positive for HIV.
This study uses medical record review to estimate the quality of health care for noncommunicable, mental health, and infectious conditions among children in Australia in inpatient, emergency, and ambulatory health care settings.
This case series describes findings from the clinical evaluation of US government personnel reporting symptoms after exposure to directional audible and sensory phenomena during their postings in Havana, Cuba, and their clinical outcomes after rehabilitation.
This study assessed the presence, amount, and sensitivity of personally identifiable information and personal health information found in hospital recycling bins in Toronto, Ontario, Canada.
This 2018 US Preventive Services Task Force guideline update recommends clinicians counsel patients aged 6 months to 24 years with fair skin types to minimize exposure to UV radiation to reduce risk of skin cancer (B recommendation), selectively counseling patients older than 24 years based on skin cancer risk factors (C recommendation), and concludes that current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of counseling adults about skin self-examination to prevent skin cancer (I statement).
This systematic review to support the 2018 update of the US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on skin cancer prevention summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of behavioral counseling for skin cancer prevention.
This Viewpoint cautions against the misperception that health care spending on children in the United States is small compared with that for adults, arguing that a proper appreciation of the magnitude of spending is required to reduce the financial burden on families and make informed decisions about how to allocate limited resources.
This Viewpoint argues that integrated infection prevention programs in which hospitals share resources, standards, responsibility, and oversight for infection control with nursing homes could reduce resident readmissions and costs and limit the transmission of drug-resistant organisms between facilities.
This Viewpoint uses advances in breast cancer to discuss how physicians might harness precision medicine to reduce the burden on patients of unnecessary treatment.
In this essay, the author a resident physician caring for an infant hospitalized for injury from physical abuse and for neonatal abstinence syndrome, wonders about the circumstances that led to the infant’s mistreatment and about how her life will develop.
A 56-year-old woman with a history of ovarian cancer and surgical colostomy for small bowel obstruction had a firm, nontender, multilobulated nodule with an ulcerated center adjacent to her stoma, without change despite multiple rounds of antibiotics. What would you do next?
This Medical News article discusses recent findings that suggest former members of the US diplomatic community in Havana developed concussion-like symptoms, despite no history of head trauma, and explores possible causes and next steps.
As part of an ongoing series profiling the daily routine of health care professionals making a difference in their communities, this Medical News article profiles a planned parenthood physician who provides reproductive health care to the underserved.
This Medical News story discusses the risks and benefits of hormonal contraception in light of recent research assessing the association between contemporary hormonal contraception use and breast cancer risk.
This Arts and Medicine essay describes The Bigger Picture, a California-based arts and public health campaign that helps young people of color develop original spoken word poetry and hip hop music videos that address structural causes of type 2 diabetes in the United States.
This JAMA Patient Page discusses the US Preventive Services Task Force’s recommendations on behavioral counseling for skin cancer prevention.
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