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March 2019 - July 1883

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Issue

April 24, 2018, Vol 319, No. 16, Pages 1631-1734

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1631-1633. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12339
Viewpoint

Health, Faith, and Science on a Warming Planet

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1651-1652. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.2779

In this Viewpoint, authors from the Vatican, academic medicine, and climate sciences highlight areas of consensus about climate change in their respective health, science, and faith communities and call for global collaboration to mitigate its effects, reduce health disparities, and improve human health.

Discharge Destination and Disparities in Postoperative Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1653-1654. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21884

This Viewpoint reviews evidence of racial disparities in postoperative discharge settings, possible reasons for the disparities, and reforms and regulations that might be necessary to correct them.

Net Neutrality Repeal and the Potential Harm to Medical Education

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1655-1656. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1683

This Viewpoint discusses ways in which the US FCC’s 2017 repeal of net neutrality could compromise online medical education through prioritization by internet service providers of paid commercial over less well-funded or Free Open Access Medical Eduction (FOAM) content.

Molecular Epidemiology and the Transformation of HIV Prevention

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1657-1658. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1513

This Viewpoint describes the addition of HIV nucleotide sequence data collected through molecular surveillance to traditional epidemiologic investigation as an effective means to characterize HIV transmission networks, contain outbreaks, and prevent further spread.

A Piece of My Mind

When Mind Deforms Body

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1659-1660. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4102

In this medical narrative essay, the author reflects on his experiences in emergency rooms, intensive care units and hospital wards assessing the mental health and motives of patients recovering from grievous self-inflected injuries and trauma.

Editorial

Ticagrelor Following Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: For Better Vein Graft Patency or Better Patient Outcomes?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1661-1662. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3793

Precision Medicine and Progress in the Treatment of Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1663-1664. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.2199
Original Investigation

Effect of a Home-Based Exercise Intervention of Wearable Technology and Telephone Coaching on Walking Performance in Peripheral Artery Disease: The HONOR Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1665-1676. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3275

This randomized controlled trial compares the effect of a 9-month home-based exercise intervention comprising a wearable activity monitor and telephone coaching vs usual care on 6-minute walk distance among patients with peripheral artery disease.

Effect of Ticagrelor Plus Aspirin, Ticagrelor Alone, or Aspirin Alone on Saphenous Vein Graft Patency 1 Year After Coronary Artery Bypass Grafting: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(16):1677-1686. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3197

This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of ticagrelor + aspirin vs ticagrelor alone vs aspirin alone on saphenous vein graft patency 1 year after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in tertiary care hospitals in China.

Preliminary Communication

Association of Lonafarnib Treatment vs No Treatment With Mortality Rate in Patients With Hutchinson-Gilford Progeria Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(16):1687-1695. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3264

This cohort study compares mortality rates among patients with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome who were treated with the protein farnesyltransferase inhibitor lonafarnib vs contemporaneous matched untreated patients.

US Preventive Services Task Force

Recommendation Statement

Interventions to Prevent Falls in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1696-1704. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3097

This 2018 US Preventive Services Task Force guideline recommends exercise to prevent falls in community-dwelling adults 65 years or older at increased fall risk (B recommendation), that patients and clinicians consider the balance of benefits and harms based on prior falls, comorbid conditions, and patient values and preferences (C recommendation), and recommends against vitamin D supplementation to prevent falls in community-dwelling adults 65 years or older (D recommendation).

Evidence Report

Interventions to Prevent Falls in Older Adults: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(16):1705-1716. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21962

This systematic review to support the 2018 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on interventions to prevent falls in older adults summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of fall prevention interventions in community-dwelling older adults.

JAMA Clinical Evidence Synopsis

Hydrolyzed Formula Compared With Standard Formula for Preterm Infants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1717-1718. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3623

This Clinical Evidence Synopsis summarizes a Cochrane review of clinical trials comparing the effects of hydrolyzed vs standard formula on feeding intolerance and necrotizing enterocolitis among preterm infants.

Research Letter

Noncommercial Funders’ Policies on Trial Registration, Access to Summary Results, and Individual Patient Data Availability

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(16):1721-1723. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.2841

This study summarizes policies of the top 20 noncommercial funders of health research regarding trial registration, access to summary results, and individual patient data availability.

Trends in Obesity and Severe Obesity Prevalence in US Youth and Adults by Sex and Age, 2007-2008 to 2015-2016

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(16):1723-1725. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3060

This study uses National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data to characterize trends in obesity prevalence among US youth and adults between 2007-2008 and 2015-2016.

Medical News & Perspectives

Scientists Call FDA Statement on Bisphenol A Safety Premature

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1644-1646. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3288

This Medical News article discusses a new study of the chemical bisphenol A.

The JAMA Forum

Single-Payer Health Care: Opportunities and Vulnerabilities

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(16):1646-1647. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3997
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

ER Opioid Overdoses Increasing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1650. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4026

Dentists at Risk of Lung Disease?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1650. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4585
Clinical Trials Update

Better Communication Can Improve HPV Vaccine Rates

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1649. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4013

Vegetarian and Mediterranean Diets Effective for Weight Loss

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1649. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4738

Disadvantaged Pain Patients Benefit From Psychological Interventions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1649. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4739

Virtual CBT Improves Social Functioning in Psychosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1649. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4740

Prazosin May Not Reduce Nightmares in Veterans With PTSD

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1649. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4741
Health Agencies Update

Scientists Affirm Survey’s Value for Impaired Driving Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1648. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4286

Just 4 Weeks of Antibiotics Prevents Active TB in People With HIV

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1648. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4736

VA Using Telemedicine to Provide Therapy to Rural Veterans With PTSD

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1648. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4737
Comment & Response

Machine Learning Compared With Pathologist Assessment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1725-1726. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1466

Machine Learning Compared With Pathologist Assessment—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1726. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1478

Medical Care for Undocumented Immigrants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1727. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1369

Medical Care for Undocumented Immigrants—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1727-1728. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1373
Correction

Data Errors in Table

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1728. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4408

Incorrect Funding/Support Section

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(16):1728. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4854
The Arts and Medicine

When You Got the Yams—Kendrick Lamar and the Language of Power in Clinical Encounters

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1642-1643. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3768

This Arts and Medicine essay discusses the relevance of hip-hop musician Kendrick Lamar’s music and lyrics to the health challenges of urban youth and argues for physician literacy that incorporates the arts that are important to patients.

Poetry and Medicine

Bells

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1729. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.16961
JAMA Revisited

Retrogression in New York City

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1730. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12347
JAMA Patient Page

Prevention of Falls in Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(16):1734. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4396

This JAMA Patient Page discusses the US Preventive Services Task Force’s recommendations on providing interventions to prevent falls in older adults.

JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(16):1635-1636. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12340
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