This randomized controlled trial compares the effect of a 9-month home-based exercise intervention comprising a wearable activity monitor and telephone coaching vs usual care on 6-minute walk distance among patients with peripheral artery disease.
This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of ticagrelor + aspirin vs ticagrelor alone vs aspirin alone on saphenous vein graft patency 1 year after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) in tertiary care hospitals in China.
This cohort study compares mortality rates among patients with Hutchinson-Gilford progeria syndrome who were treated with the protein farnesyltransferase inhibitor lonafarnib vs contemporaneous matched untreated patients.
This study summarizes policies of the top 20 noncommercial funders of health research regarding trial registration, access to summary results, and individual patient data availability.
This study uses National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data to characterize trends in obesity prevalence among US youth and adults between 2007-2008 and 2015-2016.
This 2018 US Preventive Services Task Force guideline recommends exercise to prevent falls in community-dwelling adults 65 years or older at increased fall risk (B recommendation), that patients and clinicians consider the balance of benefits and harms based on prior falls, comorbid conditions, and patient values and preferences (C recommendation), and recommends against vitamin D supplementation to prevent falls in community-dwelling adults 65 years or older (D recommendation).
This systematic review to support the 2018 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on interventions to prevent falls in older adults summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of fall prevention interventions in community-dwelling older adults.
In this Viewpoint, authors from the Vatican, academic medicine, and climate sciences highlight areas of consensus about climate change in their respective health, science, and faith communities and call for global collaboration to mitigate its effects, reduce health disparities, and improve human health.
This Viewpoint reviews evidence of racial disparities in postoperative discharge settings, possible reasons for the disparities, and reforms and regulations that might be necessary to correct them.
This Viewpoint discusses ways in which the US FCC’s 2017 repeal of net neutrality could compromise online medical education through prioritization by internet service providers of paid commercial over less well-funded or Free Open Access Medical Eduction (FOAM) content.
This Viewpoint describes the addition of HIV nucleotide sequence data collected through molecular surveillance to traditional epidemiologic investigation as an effective means to characterize HIV transmission networks, contain outbreaks, and prevent further spread.
In this medical narrative essay, the author reflects on his experiences in emergency rooms, intensive care units and hospital wards assessing the mental health and motives of patients recovering from grievous self-inflected injuries and trauma.
This Clinical Evidence Synopsis summarizes a Cochrane review of clinical trials comparing the effects of hydrolyzed vs standard formula on feeding intolerance and necrotizing enterocolitis among preterm infants.
This Medical News article discusses a new study of the chemical bisphenol A.
This Arts and Medicine essay discusses the relevance of hip-hop musician Kendrick Lamar’s music and lyrics to the health challenges of urban youth and argues for physician literacy that incorporates the arts that are important to patients.
This JAMA Patient Page discusses the US Preventive Services Task Force’s recommendations on providing interventions to prevent falls in older adults.