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June 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

May 22/29, 2018, Vol 319, No. 20, Pages 2057-2146

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2057-2059. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12383
Original Investigation

Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Recurrent Wheezing in Black Infants Who Were Born Preterm: The D-Wheeze Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2086-2094. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5729

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of 2 vitamin D dosing strategies on recurrent wheezing in black infants at 12months of age who were born preterm.

Effect of More vs Less Frequent Follow-up Testing on Overall and Colorectal Cancer–Specific Mortality in Patients With Stage II or III Colorectal Cancer: The COLOFOL Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2095-2103. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5623

This randomized controlled trial compares the effects of high- vs low-frequency computed tomographic and carcinoembryonic antigen surveillance on 5-year overall mortality and colorectal cancer–specific mortality rates among patients with stage II and II colorectal cancer after curative resection.

Association Between Intensity of Posttreatment Surveillance Testing and Detection of Recurrence in Patients With Colorectal Cancer

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2104-2115. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5816

This cohort study uses medical record data to compare disease recurrence among patients with stages I, II, or III colorectal cancer monitored with higher- vs lower-intensity imaging and CEA surveillance testing within 3 years after treatment.

Association of Surgical Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion With Subsequent Stroke and Mortality Among Patients Undergoing Cardiac Surgery

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2116-2126. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6024

This cohort study uses administrative data from a large US database to evaluate whether surgical occlusion of the left atrial appendage (LAAO) during CABG or valve surgery is associated with risk of stroke, mortality, and atrial fibrillation.

Research Letter

Sources of Funding for Research in Evidence Reviews That Inform Recommendations of the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2132-2133. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5404

This study characterizes the sources of funding for the research included in systematic reviews that form the basis for US Preventive Services Task Force recommendation statements.

Viewpoint

The Neurobiology of Opioid Addiction and the Potential for Prevention Strategies

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2071-2072. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3394

This Viewpoint uses the observation that ondansetron has been found to reduce symptoms of opioid withdrawal to argue for research and public health programs aimed at preventing rather than just managing opioid addiction.

Increasing Naloxone Awareness and Use: The Role of Health Care Practitioners

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2073-2074. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4867

In this Viewpoint, US Surgeon General Jerome Adams summarizes his office’s 2018 Advisory on Naloxone and Opioid Overdose, which provides guidance on the use of naloxone to curb the number of opioid overdose deaths across the country.

Behavioral Phenotyping in Health Promotion: Embracing or Avoiding Failure

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2075-2076. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.2921

This Viewpoint discusses how workplace lifestyle and health monitoring interventions can discourage and disengage employees when health measures fail to show positive change, and proposes that organizations develop coaching and psychological strategies to motivate employees who grow discouraged from an absence of clear change through their sense of failure.

Risk Adjustment for Quality Measures Is Neither Binary nor Mandatory

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2077-2078. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3368

This Viewpoint proposes a system for ranking the quality of risk adjustment methods as a way to more accurately account for health care quality and more transparently link payment incentives to performance and patient outcomes.

A Piece of My Mind

Filling in the Gaps

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2079-2080. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5837

In this narrative medicine essay, a medical oncologist shares how little he understood of his patients’ pain and challenges while undergoing cancer treatment until his own diagnosis, which inspired working with administrators to help patients navigate the institutional labyrinth and provide transportation to and from treatment.

Editorial

Prenatal vs Infant Vitamin D Supplementation and the Risk of Wheezing in Childhood

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2081-2082. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5726

Best Evidence Supports Annual Surveillance for Resected Colorectal Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2083-2085. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5817
JAMA Insights

Clinical Update

Percutaneous Coronary Intervention in 2018

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2127-2128. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5281

This JAMA Clinical Update reviews the evolution of procedures for treating coronary artery stenosis since 1977 and the role of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the management of acute coronary syndromes (NSTEMI and STEMI), stable and unstable angina, and stable multivessel disease.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

A Young Woman With Cough and Lithoptysis

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2129-2130. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5101

A 28-year-old healthy woman had a 2-week history of dyspnea, cough, wheezing, and lithoptysis. She had a borderline elevated Histoplasma antigen level, and a chest computed tomography scan revealed a calcified subcarinal mass compromising the left main-stem bronchus lumen. What would you do next?

Medical News & Perspectives

Is Direct Primary Care a Game Changer?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2064-2066. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3173

This Medical News story discusses the pros and cons of direct primary care, whose practitioners don’t accept insurance and instead charge a membership fee to cover services.

Taking a Closer Look at the Biomarker Test for Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2066-2067. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4644

In this Medical News article, experts discuss the benefits and limitations of a blood test recently approved to evaluate patients with mild traumatic brain injury.

News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Evolution of “Nightmare Bacteria”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2070. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5474

Postdisaster Pharmacy Needs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2070. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6144
Clinical Trials Update

Hypertension Management in Barbershops

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2069. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5866

Tai Chi for Fibromyalgia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2069. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6255

Drug Slows Disability Progression in Multiple Sclerosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2069. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6256

Peer Counselors for Formerly Incarcerated People With HIV

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2069. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6257

Carvedilol During Chemotherapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2069. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6258
Health Agencies Update

GAO Calls for Coordinated Efforts to Detect Arsenic in Rice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2068. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6020

Factors Linked to Depression in Sexual Minority Youth

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2068. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6253

Surgeon General Urges Expanded Availability of Naloxone

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2068. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6254
Poetry and Medicine

Unmantling

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2139. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0097
JAMA Revisited

The Pomelo, or Grapefruit

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2140. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12391
JAMA Patient Page

Small Bowel Obstruction

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2146. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5834

This JAMA Patient Page describes small bowel obstruction and its symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment.

Comment & Response

Air Pollution and Mortality in the Medicare Population

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2133-2134. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3939

Air Pollution and Mortality in the Medicare Population

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2134-2135. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3923

Air Pollution and Mortality in the Medicare Population

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2135. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3927

Air Pollution and Mortality in the Medicare Population—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2135-2136. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3943

Surgical Procedures for Patients With Severe Obesity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2136-2137. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4112

Surgical Procedures for Patients With Severe Obesity—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2137. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4116

Bundled Payments Initiative Participation and Retention

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2137-2138. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4454

Bundled Payments Initiative Participation and Retention—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2138. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4466
Correction

Error in a Figure

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2138. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6147
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(20):2061-2062. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12384
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