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July 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

June 5, 2018, Vol 319, No. 21, Pages 2149-2244

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2149-2151. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12394
Original Investigation

Effect of Use of a Bougie vs Endotracheal Tube and Stylet on First-Attempt Intubation Success Among Patients With Difficult Airways Undergoing Emergency Intubation: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2179-2189. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6496

This randomized clinical trial compares the effect on first-attempt success of intubation using a tracheal tube bougie introducer vs endotracheal tube with stylet in patients with difficult airway characteristics requiring emergency intubation.

Association Between Oxygen Saturation Targeting and Death or Disability in Extremely Preterm Infants in the Neonatal Oxygenation Prospective Meta-analysis Collaboration

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2190-2201. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5725

This meta-analysis uses individual participant data from 5 randomized clinical trials to compare the effects of lower vs higher oxygen saturation target ranges on death or major morbidity among infants born before 28 weeks’ gestation.

Association of the Quick Sequential (Sepsis-Related) Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) Score With Excess Hospital Mortality in Adults With Suspected Infection in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2202-2211. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6229

This pooled cohort analysis assesses the association of quick Sequential (Sepsis-Related Organ Failure Assessment (qSOFA) score with excess hospital death among patients with suspected infection in low- to middle-income countries and compares the mortality association using qSOFA vs systemic inflammatory response syndrome (SIRS) criteria.

Preliminary Communication

Feasibility of Bioengineered Tracheal and Bronchial Reconstruction Using Stented Aortic Matrices

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has multimedia has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2212-2222. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4653

This case series describes 90-day mortality of patients who required tracheal, bronchial, or carinal reconstruction using stented aortic allografts supported by muscle flaps for treatment of inoperable airway disease including lung cancer, tracheal stenosis, or tracheomalacia.

Research Letter

Use of Conservative Management for Low-Risk Prostate Cancer in the Veterans Affairs Integrated Health Care System From 2005-2015

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2231-2233. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5616

This study uses US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) data to characterize trends in the use of watchful waiting and active surveillance as strategies for managing low-risk prostate cancer in US veterans from 2005 through 2015.

Viewpoint

Value-Based Pricing for Drugs: Theme and Variations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2165-2166. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4871

In this Viewpoint, Peter Bach and colleagues distinguish 5 pricing reform proposals implied by the concept of value-based drug pricing and discuss the potential of each to ensure value in response to unsustainable drug price increases.

Three Steps Toward a More Sustainable Path for Targeted Cancer Drugs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2167-2168. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.3414

This Viewpoint proposes policy reforms to prioritize use and development of new cancer drugs that yield meaningful clinical benefit at sustainable prices.

Value-Based Pricing and Patient Access for Specialty Drugs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2169-2170. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5367

This Viewpoint discusses the challenges of high prices for payers and high access barriers for patients for specialty drugs and how these can be addressed by value-based pricing and value-based patient access.

A Piece of My Mind

Survival Techniques

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2171-2172. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6069

In this narrative medicine essay, a palliative care physician realizes that her inability to tolerate discomfort felt by her preschool-aged daughter is a survival technique in reaction to her experience of grief for her dying patients and comes to an understanding that the 2 roles complement each other.

Editorial

Optimizing Oxygen Saturation Targets in Extremely Preterm Infants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2173-2174. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5724

qSOFA Score for Patients With Sepsis in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2175-2177. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6413

Has Reconstruction of the Central Airways Been Transformed?From Aorta to Trachea

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2177-2178. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4652
JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods

Randomization in Clinical Trials: Permuted Blocks and Stratification

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2223-2224. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6360

This JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods explains the rationale for permuted block randomization and for stratifying randomization in clinical trials.

JAMA Clinical Evidence Synopsis

Hearing Aids and Health-Related Quality of Life in Adults With Hearing Loss

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2225-2226. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5567

This Clinical Evidence Synopsis summarizes a Cochrane review of randomized trials comparing the effects of hearing aids vs control interventions on health-related quality of life among adults with hearing loss.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Evaluation and Management of Patients With Syncope

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2227-2228. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21992

This Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the 2017 American College of Cardiology (ACC)/American Heart Association (AHA)/Heart Rhythm Society (HRS) guideline for the evaluation and management of patients with syncope.

Medical News & Perspectives

As Overdoses Climb, Emergency Departments Begin Treating Opioid Use Disorder

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2158-2160. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4648

This Medical News story describes the growing trend of emergency departments initiating medication-assisted treatment with buprenorphine to patients with opioid use disorder.

The Body’s Largest Artery Aids in Building a Better Trachea

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2160-2161. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5374

In this medical news article, the author of a JAMA study reporting outcomes of tracheal or bronchial replacement surgery explains how he and his colleagues developed their techniques.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

New Test Identifies Candida auris

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2164. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6922

FDA Blitz on Nicotine Product Sales to Minors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2164. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6923

Electrical Stimulation for Epilepsy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2164. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.7068
Bench to Bedside

Enzyme-Responsive Hydrogels May Help Treat Arthritis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2161-2162. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12861
JAMA Infographic

Visualizing Health Metrics

Global Deaths Attributable to High Systolic Blood Pressure, 1990-2016

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2163. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5119
The Arts and Medicine

Revision Plastic Surgery Reality Television: What’s Good About Botched?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2156-2157. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5756

This Arts and Medicine essay reviews Botched, a reality television show featuring patients seeking revision plastic surgery, praising it for its realistic depiction of complications and bad outcomes against the trend of unrealistic representations of plastic surgery online and in social media.

Poetry and Medicine

The Wind Reminds

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2239. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20088
JAMA Revisited

Let’s Provide Primary Care to All Uninsured Americans—Now!

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2240. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12402
JAMA Patient Page

Injury Around the Eye

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2244. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.5830

This JAMA Patient Page describes common causes of eye injury and recommended treatment.

Comment & Response

Wait Time for Hip Fracture Surgery and Mortality

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2233. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4418

Wait Time for Hip Fracture Surgery and Mortality

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2234. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4422

Wait Time for Hip Fracture Surgery and Mortality—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2234-2235. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4426

Anesthesia Care Handovers and Risk of Adverse Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2235. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4430

Anesthesia Care Handovers and Risk of Adverse Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2235-2236. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4442

Anesthesia Care Handovers and Risk of Adverse Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2236. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4434

Anesthesia Care Handovers and Risk of Adverse Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2236-2237. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4438

Anesthesia Care Handovers and Risk of Adverse Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2237. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4450

Anesthesia Care Handovers and Risk of Adverse Outcomes—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2237-2238. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4462
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(21):2153-2154. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12395
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