This randomized trial compared the effects of prolonged exposure therapy (10 sessions over 2 weeks vs 8 weeks) vs present-centered therapy vs minimal contact on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptom severity among active duty military personnel.
This cohort study evaluates the association between surgical left atrial appendage occlusion and subsequent risk of arterial thromboembolism among older patients with atrial fibrillation undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting or valvular surgery.
This cohort study uses national clinical and claims data to compare the risks of procedural, medical, and reproductive complications among women undergoing hysteroscopic or laparoscopic sterilization.
This study describes views, downloads, Altmetric scores, and citations of articles published as preprints and differences in Altmetric scores and citations of published articles by prior preprint status.
This study describes the number of interim reports of ongoing randomized trials published between 2006 and 2015, the reasons for interim reporting, and differences in the abstract conclusions between interim and final publications.
This study summarizes responses to trial registration fields on the ClinicalTrials.gov website asking users if they plan to share individual participant data and what information they would be willing to share.
This study estimates the prevalence of conflict of interest disclosures in medical journal articles published in 2016 and associations between disclosures and median journal impact factor and article Altmetric scores.
This study assesses whether research manuscripts with supplemental material submitted in 2016 to JAMA, JAMA Internal Medicine, and JAMA Pediatrics were more likely than those without supplements to undergo peer review, be accepted, and have more online views and downloads.
This extension of the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-analyses (PRISMA) reporting guideline establishes consensus standards for reporting systematic reviews of diagnostic test accuracy studies.
This Viewpoint reviews the rationale and evidence for implementing bundled hospital payments for cardiac care and argues that the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services' 2017 cancellation of a bundled payment plan for acute myocardial infarction care and coronary artery bypass surgery procedures dims prospects for a health care system that focuses on value rather than volume.
This Viewpoint discusses the need to fund and conduct clinical trials that focus on the needs of pregnant women, children, people older than 65 years, and people with intellectual, functional or physical disabilities given that these populations comprise more than half of the US population.
This Viewpoint discusses how the current attention to the opioid epidemic might be used to reinvigorate tobacco control initiatives.
In this essay, the author shows moments when the words he and other physicians used alienated his patient and family, interfered with fully understanding a patient’s medical needs, and impaired clinical judgment.
This Clinical Evidence Synopsis summarizes a Cochrane review comparing the effectiveness and safety of oral antifungal medications for treatment of fungal toenail infection.
A 25-year-old woman of European ethnic ancestry with poor vision and photophobia since childhood and a history of pendular nystagmus had hypopigmented hair and lashes, fair skin, and reddish-pink irides on examination, with visual acuity 20/60 bilaterally. What would you do next?
This Medical News article is an interview with Shantanu Nundy, MD, about a new way for physicians to collaborate on cases online.
This Arts and Medicine essay discusses the work of Beverly Fishman, whose abstract works are inspired by pill-related forms and themes and are intended as commentary on the role of pharmacy and the pharmaceutical industry in contemporary culture.
This Arts and Medicine essay describes a 2014 staging of the opera Orphée et Eurydice , directed by Romeo Castellucci, in which Eurydice’s residence in the Underworld is represented by a patient with locked-in syndrome from a vertebrobasilar stroke.
This JAMA Patient Page describes patellofemoral pain and its causes, diagnosis, and treatment.
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