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January 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

February 6, 2018, Vol 319, No. 5, Pages 421-515

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(5):421-423. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12218
Viewpoint

Is It Time for a New Medical Specialty?The Medical Virtualist

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):437-438. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17094

This Viewpoint proposes a new specialty for medical virtualists, physicians trained and certified in the delivery of health care services through web-based services, videoconferencing, and social media.

Ensuring Timely Access to Quality Care for US Veterans

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):439-440. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20743

This Viewpoint describes the rationale for the US Veteran CARE (Coordinated Access & Rewarding Experience) program, a proposal under consideration by the US Congress that would refer patients in the Veterans Health Administration (VHA) health system to community-based care based on a judgments of clinical appropriateness made by a primary health care professional in combination with shared assessments of convenience and time sensitivity.

The Importance of Relative Prices in Health Care Spending

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):441-442. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20047

This Viewpoint discusses how distortions of prices in health care services influence policies and payments that encourage use of lower value services, and it proposes policies that target price distortions as a means to address rising health care expenditures.

Medical Preprints—A Debate Worth Having

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):443-444. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17566

This Viewpoint discusses preprint publication of clinical research, outlining the benefits and risks of making early manuscript drafts widely available before their accuracy has been vetted through the traditional editorial and peer review process.

A Piece of My Mind

I Am That Parent

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):445. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21048

In this essay, a critical care pediatric hospitalist finds herself on the other side of the office table advocating for the specific medical care needed to address her son’s rare skeletal dysplasia and her search for a pediatric specialist with whom to travel on this quest.

Editorial

Is Patent Foramen Ovale a Risk Factor for Perioperative Stroke?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):446-447. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21902

Implications of Higher Than Expected Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):448-449. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21895

Guidelines for Patient-Reported Outcomes in Clinical Trial Protocols

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):450-451. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21541
Original Investigation

Association of Preoperatively Diagnosed Patent Foramen Ovale With Perioperative Ischemic Stroke

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;319(5):452-462. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21899

This cohort study compares risk of ischemic stroke within 30 days postsurgery among adult noncardiac surgery patients with patent foramen ovale (PFO) vs without PFO.

Association of Intracerebral Hemorrhage Among Patients Taking Non–Vitamin K Antagonist vs Vitamin K Antagonist Oral Anticoagulants With In-Hospital Mortality

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;319(5):463-473. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21917

This cohort study compares the association between use of warfarin vs non–vitamin K oral anticoagulants (NOACs) and in-hospital mortality among patients with intracerebral hemorrhage.

Prevalence of Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders in 4 US Communities

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(5):474-482. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21896

This community-based cohort study used active-case ascertainment to estimate the prevalence of fetal alcohol spectrum disorders among first-graders living in 4 diverse communities in the United States.

Special Communication

Guidelines for Inclusion of Patient-Reported Outcomes in Clinical Trial Protocols: The SPIRIT-PRO Extension

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;319(5):483-494. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21903

This extension of the Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) reporting guideline establishes standards for clinical trial protocols that include patient-reported outcome data.

JAMA Performance Improvement

Oversedation of a Patient With Obstructive Sleep Apnea Prior to Imaging

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(5):495-496. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.22004

This JAMA Performance Improvement article uses the case of a patient with obstructive sleep apnea who experienced cardiac arrest after sedation for magnetic resonance imaging to discuss proper handling and avoidance of oversedation in high-risk patients.

JAMA Diagnostic Test Interpretation

Evaluating Thrombocytopenia During Heparin Therapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):497-498. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21898

A 45-year-old man with superior mesenteric vein thrombosis (SMVT) and with mesenteric ischemia was treated with partial small bowel resection and 2 weeks of enoxaparin. Three weeks later, he underwent bowel resection for recurrent SMVT and developed venous thromboembolism on intravenous heparin. Lab results were consistent with heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (4Ts score, 6). What would you do next?

Research Letter

Progressive Massive Fibrosis in Coal Miners From 3 Clinics in Virginia

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(5):500-501. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.18444

This study describes the demographic and radiographic characteristics of 416 coal miners with progressive massive pulmonary fibrosis (PMF) identified by pneumoconiosis screening as part of the US Coal Workers’ Health Surveillance Program.

Medical News & Perspectives

Physicians Join Frontline Efforts to Curb Gun Injuries, Deaths

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):428-430. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.18072

In this Medical News story, physicians discuss their efforts aimed at addressing gun violence and injury.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

Therapy Approved for Rare Inflammatory Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):434. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21626

Gene Therapy for Vision Loss

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):434. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21710

New Human Insulin Analog Approved

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):434. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21720
The JAMA Forum

To Fix the Hospital Readmissions Program, Prioritize What Matters

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(5):431-433. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21623
Bench to Bedside

Gut Microbes May Shape Response to Cancer Immunotherapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):430-431. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12857
Comment & Response

Prophylactic Low-Dose Oxygen for Patients With Acute Stroke

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):501-502. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20342

Complications With Insulin Pump Therapy vs Insulin Injection Therapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):502-503. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20345

Prophylactic Low-Dose Oxygen for Patients With Acute Stroke—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):502. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20349

Complications With Insulin Pump Therapy vs Insulin Injection Therapy—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):503-504. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20357

Technology as a Tool for Mental Disorders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):504. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20338

Technology as a Tool for Mental Disorders—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):504. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20353

Corrected Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder Among US Children and Adolescents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):505. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0001
Correction

Error in Abstract

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(5):505. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.22055

Error in Expression of Formula

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(5):505. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.22120

Error in Source Data for Prevalence of Autism Spectrum Disorder

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(5):505. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0022
Poetry and Medicine

Wandering

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):507. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13824
JAMA Revisited

Current Comment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(5):508. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12226
JAMA Patient Page

Nursemaid’s Elbow (Elbow Subluxation)

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(5):515. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.22031

This JAMA Patient Page describes elbow subluxation in children, a common pediatric joint injury in children 6 months to 5 years old.

JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(5):425-426. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12219
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