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June 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

February 13, 2018, Vol 319, No. 6, Pages 525-624

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(6):525-527. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12229
Original Investigation

Effect of the Pulmonary Embolism Rule-Out Criteria on Subsequent Thromboembolic Events Among Low-Risk Emergency Department Patients: The PROPER Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;319(6):559-566. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21904

This crossover cluster–randomized clinical noninferiority trial compared the safety of using pulmonary embolism rule-out criteria (PERC) vs a conventional strategy (D-dimer and CTPA) for excluding the diagnosis of pulmonary embolism (PE) among emergency department patients with low clinical probability of PE.

Effect of a Quality Improvement Intervention on Clinical Outcomes in Patients in India With Acute Myocardial Infarction: The ACS QUIK Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(6):567-578. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21906

This cluster randomized, stepped-wedge clinical trial compares the effect of a quality improvement tool kit vs usual care on 30-day major adverse cardiovascular events in patients with acute myocardial infarction (AMI) in Kerala, India.

Association of the Affordable Care Act Dependent Coverage Provision With Prenatal Care Use and Birth Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(6):579-587. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0030

This study determines whether the dependent coverage provision of the Affordable Care Act was associated with changes in payment for birth, prenatal care, and birth outcomes among married and unmarried women.

Research Letter

Gender and Byline Placement of Co-first Authors in Clinical and Basic Science Journals With High Impact Factors

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(6):610-611. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.18672

This study describes the byline order of gender-discordant co-first authors in 10 clinical and basic science journals with high impact factors.

Paid Family and Childbearing Leave Policies at Top US Medical Schools

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(6):611-614. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19519

This study characterizes variations in duration, salary support, policy clarity, and constraints or prerequisites for childbearing and family leave policies at 12 top-tier US medical schools.

US Preventive Services Task Force

Recommendation Statement

Screening for Ovarian Cancer: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(6):588-594. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21926

This 2018 Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends against screening for ovarian cancer in asymptomatic women (D recommendation).

Evidence Report

Screening for Ovarian Cancer: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(6):595-606. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21421

This systematic review to support the 2018 update of the US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on screening for ovarian cancer summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of ovarian cancer screening for average-risk, asymptomatic women.

Viewpoint

Language, Science, and Politics: The Politicization of Public Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):541-542. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21763

This Viewpoint provides historical context for advice given by the US Department of Health and Human Services in 2017 to the CDC to avoid particular words in 2019 budget requests and argues that scientific innovation can flourish only when it is protected from political interference.

Ascent to the Summit of the CME Pyramid

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):543-544. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19791

This Viewpoint proposes a framework for thinking about outcomes of continuing medical education (CME) activities, including identification of professional practice gaps and improvement of clinical competence, clinician performance, and patient and community health outcomes.

Evolution of Continuing Medical Education: Promoting Innovation Through Regulatory Alignment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):545-546. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19954

This Viewpoint discusses efforts by the ACCME and AMA to develop new rules that allow physicians to collect continuing medical education credits using new technologies and in a streamlined way.

Disclosures in Nutrition Research: Why It Is Different

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):547-548. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.18571

In this Viewpoint, John Ioannidis argues that nutrition researchers should be required to disclose relevant dietary advocacy, activism, practices, and personal preferences given indirect financial benefits they may realize from offering dietary advice and the relative ease with which they can promote their personal beliefs in diet through science.

A Piece of My Mind

I Solemnly Share

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):549-550. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.22135

In this essay, a young medical student describes her struggle with depression and how the experience of vulnerability has bred a deep compassion for her patients and peers.

Editorial

Utility of a Clinical Prediction Rule to Exclude Pulmonary Embolism Among Low-Risk Emergency Department Patients: Reason to PERC Up

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):551-553. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21901

Improving Evidence for Implementation of Guideline-Based Care in Low- and Middle-Income Countries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):554-556. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21905

Screening for Ovarian Cancer in Asymptomatic Women

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):557-558. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21894
JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods

The Stepped-Wedge Clinical Trial: Evaluation by Rolling Deployment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):607-608. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21993

This JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods discusses the stepped-wedge apporach to cluster randomized clinical trial design, in which clusters are randomized to the order in which they receive the experimental regimen.

Medical News & Perspectives

Simple Models and Ice Bucket Challenge Fuel Progress in ALS Treatment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):535-537. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20704

This Medical News story discusses recent progress in ALS research fueled by work in basic model systems and funding from the Ice Bucket Challenge.

The JAMA Forum

A New Year’s Wish on Opioids

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(6):537-538. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0058
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

State Restrictions of e-Cigarette Use Has Slowed

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):540. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0121

Obesity Tied to Income, Education, But Not in All Populations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):540. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0381
Biotech Innovations

Urine Test for Tuberculosis in Development

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):539. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0241

Hemophilia Gene Therapies Show Promise

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):539. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0524
The Arts and Medicine

In Shadow and Light—Images of Transformation Through Breast Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):532-534. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21752

This Arts and Medicine essay reviews Edges of Light: Images of Breast Transformation, a traveling exhibit of photographs and poetry documenting a literature and humanities professor’s journey through breast cancer treatment and reconstruction.

Poetry and Medicine

Now I Walk

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):619. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.7666
JAMA Revisited

Our Forefathers’ Knowledge

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):620. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12237
JAMA Patient Page

Screening for Ovarian Cancer

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(6):624. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.22136

This JAMA Patient Page discusses the US Preventive Services Task Force’s recommendations on screening for ovarian cancer in asymptomatic women.

Comment & Response

Early Resuscitation for Adults With Sepsis in a Low-Income Country

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):614. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20406

Early Resuscitation for Adults With Sepsis in a Low-income Country—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):614-615. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20410

Costs of Quality Measurement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):615. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20288

Costs of Quality Measurement—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):615-616. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20292

Absolute vs Additive Net Reclassification Index

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):616. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20541

Absolute vs Additive Net Reclassification Index—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(6):617. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20548
Correction

Error in Author Degree and Surname

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(6):617. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.22127
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(6):529-530. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12230
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