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June 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

February 27, 2018, Vol 319, No. 8, Pages 745-840

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(8):745-747. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12251
Original Investigation

Effect of Bag-Mask Ventilation vs Endotracheal Intubation During Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation on Neurological Outcome After Out-of-Hospital Cardiorespiratory Arrest: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;319(8):779-787. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0156

This noninferiority trial compares the effects on 28-day neurological outcomes of bag-mask vs mechanical ventilation after endotracheal intubation during cardiopulmonary resuscitation for out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA).

Effect of Meropenem-Vaborbactam vs Piperacillin-Tazobactam on Clinical Cure or Improvement and Microbial Eradication in Complicated Urinary Tract Infection: The TANGO I Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;319(8):788-799. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0438

This noninferiority randomized trial compares the efficacy and safety of meropenem-vaborbactam vs piperacillin-tazobactam for treatment of adults with complicated urinary tract infection.

Association Between Playing American Football in the National Football League and Long-term Mortality

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2018;319(8):800-806. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0140

This cohort study examines the association between career participation in professional American football and mortality risk in retirement, and it compares causes of death among career vs replacement players.

Association of Varicose Veins With Incident Venous Thromboembolism and Peripheral Artery Disease

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;319(8):807-817. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0246

This cohort study uses claims data from Taiwan’s National Health Insurance program to investigate associations between varicose veins and risk of deep venous thrombosis (DVT), pulmonary embolism (PE), and peripheral artery disease (PAD).

Research Letter

Trends in Red Blood Cell, Plasma, and Platelet Transfusions in the United States, 1993-2014

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(8):825-827. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20121

This study uses National Inpatient Sample survey data to characterize trends in red blood cell, plasma, and platelet transfusions in the United States between 1993 and 2014, a period of time during which trials were demonstrating the safety of restrictive red blood cell transfusion strategies.

Viewpoint

Are Medicaid Work Requirements Legal?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):763-764. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0958

This Viewpoint discusses the legality of waivers created by US states that allow work requirements to be enforced for nondisabled Medicaid beneficiaries.

International Medical Graduates—A Critical Component of the Global Health Workforce

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):765-766. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.17961

This Viewpoint discusses international medical graduates practicing in the United States and Canada—benefits and drawbacks to remaining in North America or returning to their country of origin to practice.

NICE, the NHS, and Cancer Drugs

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):767-768. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20552

This Viewpoint describes reforms to the ways the National Health Service (NHS) appraises cost-effectiveness and coverage of cancer drugs in England and Wales, the role of the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) in the process, and changes in drug approval rates and access to new drugs as a result.

A Piece of My Mind

Please, Doc, Take It All This Time

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):769-770. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0499

In this essay, the author struggles how to respond to a dying patient’s implicit request for the ultimate pain relief.

Editorial

Airway Management During Out-of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):771-772. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0155

Long-term Mortality in NFL Professional Football Players: No Significant Increase, but Questions Remain

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):773-775. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20885

Gabapentin Approvals, Off-Label Use, and Lessons for Postmarketing Evaluation Efforts

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):776-778. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21897
JAMA Clinical Evidence Synopsis

Gabapentin for Chronic Neuropathic Pain

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):818-819. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21547

This Clinical Evidence Synopsis summarizes a 2017 Cochrane review on pain relief associated with use of gabapentin for patients with chronic neuropathic pain.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Guidelines for Adult Stroke Rehabilitation and Recovery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):820-821. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.22036

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the 2016 American Heart Association/American Stroke Association guideline on adult stroke rehabilitation and recovery.

From The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics

A Two-Dose Hepatitis B Vaccine for Adults (Heplisav-B)

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):822-823. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1097

This Medical Letter review compares a newly approved 2-dose hepatitis B virus vaccine that uses a synthetic oligonucleotide immunostimulatory adjuvant, and is licensed for use in adults, with other commercially available 3-dose vaccines.

Medical News & Perspectives

Virtual and Augmented Reality Put a Twist on Medical Education

Abstract Full Text
has multimedia
JAMA. 2018;319(8):756-758. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20800

This Medical News article discusses applications of augmented and virtual reality in medical education.

The JAMA Forum

The Good and Bad News of Health Care Employment

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(8):758-759. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1054
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Women’s Use of ADHD Drugs Skyrockets

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):762. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0670

Hepatitis B Recommendations Updated

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):762. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0754
Clinical Trials Update

Breastfeeding Rates Improved With Financial Reward

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):761. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0827

Air Pollution May Limit Health Benefits of Walking

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):761. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1198

High-Intensity Exercise Safe in De Novo Parkinson Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):761. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1200

Internet-Accessed STI Test Complements Face-to-Face Services

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):761. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1202

Stem Cell Transplantation Improves Scleroderma Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):761. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1204
Health Agencies Update

Plant-Chemical Shows Promise for Pain Relief

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):760. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0425

Iodine Deficiency May Impair Fertility

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):760. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1291

Accelerating Clinical Gene Editing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):760. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1292
Poetry and Medicine

Notes for a Chord

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):834. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.13974
JAMA Revisited

Food Inspection and Food Control

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):835. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12259
JAMA Patient Page

Sport-Related Concussion

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(8):840. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0436

This JAMA Patient Page describes the evaluation and management of sport-related concussion.

Comment & Response

Drug Interactions With NonVitamin K Oral Anticoagulants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):827-828. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20830

Drug Interactions With NonVitamin K Oral Anticoagulants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):828-829. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20834

Drug Interactions With Non–Vitamin K Oral Anticoagulants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):829-830. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20842

Drug Interactions With Non–Vitamin K Oral Anticoagulants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):829. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20846

Drug Interactions With Non–Vitamin K Oral Anticoagulants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):830. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20850

Drug Interactions With Non–Vitamin K Oral Anticoagulants—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):830-831. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20854

The Evidence for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):831-832. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20826

The Evidence for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):832. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20838

The Evidence for Cognitive Behavioral Therapy—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;319(8):832-833. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.20858
Correction

Errors in Text and Supplement

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(8):833. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.21113

Omitted Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(8):833. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0621

Incorrect Unit in Laboratory Value

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(8):833. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.0981

Missing Corresponding Author Information and Error in Supplement Note

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;319(8):833. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.1034
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;319(8):749-750. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12252
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