This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of adding theophylline vs placebo to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) treatment on prevention of exacerbations in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
This cohort study compares associations between 13 measures of weight gain and progression of diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension 5 or more years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.
This cohort study investigates associations between bariatric surgery and incident macrovascular events (coronary artery and cerebrovascular diseases) in patients with type 2 diabetes.
This epidemiology study uses National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey data to characterize trends in use of radiography to diagnose bronchiolitis in children younger than 24 months evaluated in emergency departments between 2007 and 2015.
This study examines the availability of folic acid–fortified corn masa flour and tortilla products in Atlanta following 2016 FDA rule changes allowing voluntary fortification of these products.
This Viewpoint uses controversy over the status of statues commemorating J. Marion Sims, a Southern gynecologist who developed operative techniques for vesicovaginal fistulae on enslaved women, to discuss changing the history of attitudes toward race and discrimination in medicine and society.
This Viewpoint discusses the appropriateness of documentation of race in the medical history and record, and discusses the challenge of taking the effects of race on patient health seriously without overemphasizing it as an unalterable source of difference at the individual or population level.
This Viewpoint discusses the need for a consensus on how race, ethnicity, and ancestry data are reported in biomedical research to avoid inappropriately describing racial and ethnic groups as discrete population groups.
This Viewpoint summarizes provisions of the National Institutes of Health’s Inclusion Across the Lifespan policy scheduled for implementation in 2019 for clinical trials, which will require written plans to recruit younger and older participants as a part of grant applications and documentation of participant age in trial progress reports.
In this narrative medicine essay, a pediatric hospitalist resists accepting as normal the deep economic desparities among the children living in poverty even if she is at risk of burnout.
This narrative review summarizes advances in diagnosis and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE), including use of age-adjusted D-dimer levels and rule-out criteria (PERC) to exclude the diagnosis, use of newer oral anticoagulants (NOACs) as treatment, and indications for thrombolysis.
This Medical Letter review summarizes approved indications, doses, adverse effects, and costs of warfarin and newer oral anticoagulants used to treat venous thromboembolism.
Infectious disease threats expert Michael Osterholm, PhD, MPH, discusses how the United States and the rest of the world may fare if another 1918-like influenza epidemic strikes.
This Arts and Medicine essay discusses the relevance of poetry to clinical medicine in an edited transcript of a conversation between physician-poet Rafael Campo and National Book Award–winning poet Mark Doty.
This JAMA Patient Page describes the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of gallstones and biliary colic.
Create a personal account or sign in to: