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July 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

October 16, 2018, Vol 320, No. 15, Pages 1513-1612

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(15):1513-1515. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12592
Original Investigation

Effect of Theophylline as Adjunct to Inhaled Corticosteroids on Exacerbations in Patients With COPD: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(15):1548-1559. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.14432

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of adding theophylline vs placebo to inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) treatment on prevention of exacerbations in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).

Comparison of the Performance of Common Measures of Weight Regain After Bariatric Surgery for Association With Clinical Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1560-1569. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.14433

This cohort study compares associations between 13 measures of weight gain and progression of diabetes, hyperlipidemia, and hypertension 5 or more years after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass surgery.

Association Between Bariatric Surgery and Macrovascular Disease Outcomes in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes and Severe Obesity

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has multimedia
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1570-1582. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.14619

This cohort study investigates associations between bariatric surgery and incident macrovascular events (coronary artery and cerebrovascular diseases) in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Research Letter

Use of Radiography in Patients Diagnosed as Having Acute Bronchiolitis in US Emergency Departments, 2007-2015

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(15):1598-1600. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9245

This epidemiology study uses National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey data to characterize trends in use of radiography to diagnose bronchiolitis in children younger than 24 months evaluated in emergency departments between 2007 and 2015.

Availability of Corn Masa Flour and Tortillas Fortified With Folic Acid in Atlanta After National Regulations Allowing Voluntary Fortification

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(15):1600-1601. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11939

This study examines the availability of folic acid–fortified corn masa flour and tortilla products in Atlanta following 2016 FDA rule changes allowing voluntary fortification of these products.

Viewpoint

Historical Aspects of Race and Medicine: The Case of J. Marion Sims

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1529-1530. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11944

This Viewpoint uses controversy over the status of statues commemorating J. Marion Sims, a Southern gynecologist who developed operative techniques for vesicovaginal fistulae on enslaved women, to discuss changing the history of attitudes toward race and discrimination in medicine and society.

Race, Ancestry, and Reporting in Medical Journals

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1531-1532. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10960

This Viewpoint discusses the appropriateness of documentation of race in the medical history and record, and discusses the challenge of taking the effects of race on patient health seriously without overemphasizing it as an unalterable source of difference at the individual or population level.

Examining How Race, Ethnicity, and Ancestry Data Are Used in Biomedical Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1533-1534. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.13609

This Viewpoint discusses the need for a consensus on how race, ethnicity, and ancestry data are reported in biomedical research to avoid inappropriately describing racial and ethnic groups as discrete population groups.

Inclusion Across the Lifespan: NIH Policy for Clinical Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1535-1536. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.12368

This Viewpoint summarizes provisions of the National Institutes of Health’s Inclusion Across the Lifespan policy scheduled for implementation in 2019 for clinical trials, which will require written plans to recruit younger and older participants as a part of grant applications and documentation of participant age in trial progress reports.

A Piece of My Mind

Normal

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1537-1538. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.14435

In this narrative medicine essay, a pediatric hospitalist resists accepting as normal the deep economic desparities among the children living in poverty even if she is at risk of burnout.

Editorial

Race, Ancestry, and Medical Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1539-1540. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.14438

Failure of Low-Dose Theophylline to Prevent Exacerbations in Patients With COPD

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1541-1542. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.14295

Setting Appropriate Expectations After Bariatric Surgery: Evaluating Weight Regain and Clinical Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1543-1544. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.14241

Preventing Macrovascular Events With Bariatric Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1545-1547. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.14639
Review

Venous Thromboembolism: Advances in Diagnosis and Treatment

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz has audio
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1583-1594. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.14346

This narrative review summarizes advances in diagnosis and treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE), including use of age-adjusted D-dimer levels and rule-out criteria (PERC) to exclude the diagnosis, use of newer oral anticoagulants (NOACs) as treatment, and indications for thrombolysis.

From The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics

Comparison Table: Some Oral Anticoagulants for VTE

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1595-1596. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.14347

This Medical Letter review summarizes approved indications, doses, adverse effects, and costs of warfarin and newer oral anticoagulants used to treat venous thromboembolism.

Medical News & Perspectives

Vulnerability to Pandemic Flu Could Be Greater Today Than a Century Ago

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1523-1525. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.12966

Infectious disease threats expert Michael Osterholm, PhD, MPH, discusses how the United States and the rest of the world may fare if another 1918-like influenza epidemic strikes.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

Device Approved to Seal Coronary Artery Perforations

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1528. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15037

New Hairy Cell Leukemia Therapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1528. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15070

Stepped Up e-Cigarette Enforcement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1528. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15108
The JAMA Forum

Extending the User Fee Approach to Pharmaceuticals

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(15):1525-1526. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.14959
Global Health

Air Pollution Linked With Cognitive Harm in China

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1527. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.14491

Dengue Cases Decline After Release of Modified Mosquitoes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1527. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15691

Living Near Forests May Improve Child Nutrition in Developing Countries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1527. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15692
The Arts and Medicine

Teaching Physicians Not to Be Afraid of Poetry

Abstract Full Text
has multimedia
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1520-1521. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.13760

This Arts and Medicine essay discusses the relevance of poetry to clinical medicine in an edited transcript of a conversation between physician-poet Rafael Campo and National Book Award–winning poet Mark Doty.

Poetry and Medicine

The Vonnegut Letter

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1606. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.7416
JAMA Patient Page

Gallstones and Biliary Colic

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(15):1612. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11868

This JAMA Patient Page describes the symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment of gallstones and biliary colic.

Comment & Response

Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion and Surgical Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation During Cardiac Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1602. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11332

Left Atrial Appendage Occlusion and Surgical Ablation for Atrial Fibrillation During Cardiac Surgery—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1602-1603. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11341

Use of a Bougie for Intubation in an Emergency Department

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1603. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11335

Use of a Bougie for Intubation in an Emergency Department—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1603-1604. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11344

Risk Adjustment Methods in Quality Measurement

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1604. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11515

Risk Adjustment Methods in Quality Measurement—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1605. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11519
Correction

Incorrect Affiliation and Incomplete Disclosures

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;320(15):1605. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.14870
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(15):1517-1518. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12593
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