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July 2019 - July 1883

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Issue

July 24/31, 2018, Vol 320, No. 4, Pages 321-416

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(4):321-323. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12704
Original Investigation

Effect of Escitalopram vs Placebo Treatment for Depression on Long-term Cardiac Outcomes in Patients With Acute Coronary Syndrome: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(4):350-357. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9422

This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of escitalopram vs placebo on long-term major adverse cardiovascular events among patients in Korea with depression following acute coronary syndrome.

Association Between the New York Sepsis Care Mandate and In-Hospital Mortality for Pediatric Sepsis

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(4):358-367. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9071

This cohort study determines the risk-adjusted association between completing a 1-hour pediatric sepsis bundle and individual bundle elements with in-hospital mortality following statewide mandated care for pediatric sepsis in New York.

Preliminary Communication

Effect of In-Bed Leg Cycling and Electrical Stimulation of the Quadriceps on Global Muscle Strength in Critically Ill Adults: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(4):368-378. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9592

This randomized clinical trial investigates whether early in-bed leg cycling plus electrical stimulation of the quadriceps muscles added to standardized early rehabilitation would result in greater muscle strength at discharge from the intensive care unit compared with standardized early rehabilitation alone in critically ill adult patients treated at one 1100-bed hospital in France.

Research Letter

Participation in a Voluntary Bundled Payment Program by Organizations Providing Care After an Acute Hospitalization

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(4):402-404. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.8666

This study characterizes participation of skilled nursing facilities in Medicare’s Model 3 Bundled Payments for Care Improvement (BPCI) initiative and the factors associated with that participation.

Special Communication

Antiretroviral Drugs for Treatment and Prevention of HIV Infection in Adults: 2018 Recommendations of the International Antiviral Society–USA Panel

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz has audio
JAMA. 2018;320(4):379-396. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.8431

This statement from the International Antiviral Society–USA updates recommendations for the use of antiretroviral drugs to treat adults with established HIV infection and to prevent HIV infection among persons at risk.

Viewpoint

The 50-Year Legacy of the Harvard Report on Brain Death

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):335-336. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6990

This Viewpoint discusses the ethical challenge of defining death in persons with irreversible coma, legalization of the definition of brain death in the 1981 Uniform Determination of Death Act, and current implications of the definition for decisions about life support, organ transplantation, and newer genetic technologies.

FDA Regulation of Mobile Medical Apps

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):337-338. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.8832

This Viewpoint describes the FDA’s guidance on digital tools that seeks to balance technological innovation with assurances that medical mobile apps and other devices that fall within the agency’s regulatory purview are safe and effective.

The Importance of Oral Health in Comprehensive Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):339-340. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19777

This Viewpoint discusses the importance of oral medicine to overall patient health, and argues for dedicated screening and assessment of oral and dental health among nondentist health practitioners.

Potential Policy Approaches to Address Diet-Related Diseases

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):341-342. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.7434

This Viewpoint discusses policy-oriented strategies to help promote a healthier food supply and improve the quality of US diets to help prevent disease.

A Piece of My Mind

Beyond Burnout

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):343-344. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9910

In this narrative medicine essay, the author considers the words used to describe the tension between shouldering the complex and painful realities of patients while simultaneously facing equally complex and painful family matters—burnout, balance, self-care—inadequate in helping physicians regain equilibrium.

Editorial

Bundled Strategies for the Care of Children With Presumed Sepsis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):345-346. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9183

2018 IAS-USA Recommendations for the Use of Antiretroviral Therapy for HIV: Building on Decades of Progress

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):347-349. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9184
JAMA Insights

Clinical Update

Long-acting Reversible Contraception—Highly Efficacious, Safe, and Underutilized

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2018;320(4):397-398. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.8877

This JAMA Clinical Update reviews the features of commercially available intrauterine devices (IUDs) and progestin implants, misunderstanding about their safety, noncontraceptive benefits, and how to select the form of long-acting reversible contraception (LARC) best for an individual patient.

From The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics

Andexxa—An Antidote for Apixaban and Rivaroxaban

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):399-400. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9257

This Medical Letter review discusses the mechanism of action, adverse effects, and cost associated with coagulation factor Xa that was approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for reversal of the anticoagulant effect of the direct factor Xa inhibitors apixaban and rivaroxaban.

Medical News & Perspectives

Anthony Fauci, MD: Working to End HIV/AIDS

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(4):327-329. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.8216

This Medical News article discusses progress and future goals for eliminating the disease.

The JAMA Forum

Prognosis Is Guarded for California’s “Patient’s Right to Know Act”

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(4):329-330. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9100
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Teen Sex, Drug Use Decline

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):333. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9638

Teens Shift to Electronic Cigarettes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):333. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9958
Clinical Trials Update

Exercise and Cognitive Decline in Dementia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):332. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10153

Home Visits Boost School Readiness

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):332. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10154

Cash Incentives Most Effective for Smoking Cessation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):332. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10155

Brain Marker Predicts Depression Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):332. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10156

Many Women With Early Breast Cancer May Not Need Chemotherapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):332. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9603
Health Agencies Update

Hospital-Acquired Conditions Declining

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):331. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10151

Identifying Medicare Beneficiaries at Risk of Harm From Opioids

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):331. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10152

Red Meat Allergy Associated With Coronary Artery Plaque

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):331. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9762
Poetry and Medicine

The Garden at Age 70

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):410. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4203
JAMA Revisited

The Hygiene of Music

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):411. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12490
JAMA Patient Page

Shingles Vaccination

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(4):416. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.7263

This JAMA Patient Page describes shingles, the shingles vaccine, and who should be vaccinated against shingles.

Comment & Response

Optimal Treatment for High-Risk Prostate Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):404-405. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6709

Optimal Treatment for High-Risk Prostate Cancer—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):405. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6721

Procalcitonin to Guide Antibiotic Decisions

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):406. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6713

Procalcitonin to Guide Antibiotic Decisions—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):406-407. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6725

Contact Precautions to Prevent Pathogen Transmission

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):407. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6982

Contact Precautions to Prevent Pathogen Transmission—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):407-408. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6986

Inconsistent Reporting of Potential Conflicts of Interest

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(4):408. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9526
Correction

Incomplete Reporting of Potential Conflicts of Interest

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(4):408. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9750

Data Error

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(4):409. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9744

Incomplete Reporting of Potential Conflicts of Interest

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;320(4):409. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9757
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2018;320(4):325-326. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12705
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