[Skip to Content]
Sign In
Individual Sign In
Create an Account
Institutional Sign In
OpenAthens Shibboleth
Purchase Options:
[Skip to Content Landing]

September 2018 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

August 21, 2018, Vol 320, No. 7, Pages 615-733

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2018;320(7):615-617. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12504
Viewpoint

Lyme Disease in 2018What Is New (and What Is Not)

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2018;320(7):635-636. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10974

This Viewpoint provides a clinical update on Lyme disease, reviewing information on the epidemiology, diagnosis, and treatment of the infection, and discussing the role of Lyme testing in the evaluation of chronic pain and fatigue.

Direct Primary CareOne Step Forward, Two Steps Back

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):637-638. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.8405

This Viewpoint argues that direct primary care, in which patients contract directly with a primary care physician to pay a recurring out-of-pocket fee for a defined set of benefits, is unlikely to drive improvements in outcomes and reduction in costs because of adverse patient selection and the absence of incentives for physicians to deliver value.

Sustaining Health-Protective Behaviors Such as Physical Activity and Healthy Eating

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):639-640. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6621

This Viewpoint discusses the importance of understanding how microtimescale influences—fluctuations in mood or motivation on a minute-to-minute or day-to-day basis—affect people’s ability to sustain lifestyle behaviors over a lifetime and envisions development of just-in-time interventions as needed to facilitate daily healthy choices.

Mandatory Shared Decision Making by the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services for Cardiovascular Procedures and Other Tests

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):641-642. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.6617

This Viewpoint discusses Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) policies requiring physicians to engage patients in shared decision making prior to implantation of an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator, lung cancer screening, and left atrial appendage closure for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation and argues that better guidance is needed if the requirements are to promote meaningful shared decisions.

A Piece of My Mind

Blinded by Sight

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):643-644. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11125

In this narrative medicine essay, an opthalmalogist recounts the unexpected results of a cataract removal from a patient who had been blind since she was a teenager following a severe infection that had permanently scarred her corneas.

Editorial

Striving for Ideal Cardiovascular and Brain HealthIt Is Never Too Early or Too Late

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):645-647. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11002

Screening for Cervical CancerNew Tools and New Opportunities

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;320(7):647-649. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11004
Original Investigation

Medicare Spending on Brand-name Combination Medications vs Their Generic Constituents

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;320(7):650-656. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11439

This retrospective analysis estimates the additional cost to Medicare of prescribing brand-name combination medications instead of generic constituents by using the Medicare data set of Part D beneficiaries prescribed any of the 1500 medications that accounted for highest total spending in 2015.

Association of Cardiovascular Health Level in Older Age With Cognitive Decline and Incident Dementia

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2018;320(7):657-664. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11499

This cohort study assesses the association between cardiovascular (CV) health, defined by measures of healthy lifestyle and controlled CV risk factors, and risk of cognitive decline and dementia in community-dwelling people in France aged 65 years or older.

Preliminary Communication

Association of Cardiovascular Risk Factors With MRI Indices of Cerebrovascular Structure and Function and White Matter Hyperintensities in Young Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):665-673. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11498

This cross-sectional study examines associations between modifiable cardiovascular risk factors—such as BMI, cholesterol and glucose levels, smoking, and alcohol use—and MRI measures of cerebrovascular structure, function, and white matter integrity in adults aged 18 to 40.

US Preventive Services Task Force

Recommendation Statement

Screening for Cervical CancerUS Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has audio
JAMA. 2018;320(7):674-686. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10897

This 2018 Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force makes recommendations regarding use of cervical cytology alone, high-risk HPV testing alone, and both in combination to screen for cervical cancer.

Evidence Report

Screening for Cervical Cancer With High-Risk Human Papillomavirus TestingUpdated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;320(7):687-705. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.10400

This systematic review to support the 2018 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on screening for cervical cancer summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of using high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) testing alone, hrHPV testing with cytology, or cytology alone for cervical cancer screening.

Modeling Study

Screening for Cervical Cancer in Primary CareA Decision Analysis for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;320(7):706-714. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.19872

This modeling study uses a microsimulation model of a hypothetical cohort to model the benefits, burden, and harms of cervical cancer screening strategies to inform the 2018 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on screening for cervical cancer in primary care.

Research Letter

Accuracy of Pulse Oximetry-Based Home Baby Monitors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):717-719. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.9018

This study uses an US Food and Drug Administration–cleared oximeter to measure the accuracy of the pulse oximetry-based consumer baby monitors Owlet Smart Sock 2 and Baby Vida.

Medical News & Perspectives

Hurricane Maria and Puerto Rico: A Physician Looks Back at the Storm

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2018;320(7):629-630. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.8244

In this Medical News article, an endocrinologist in Puerto Rico recounts her experiences treating patients during and after last year’s major hurricane.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

Paving the Way for Biosimilars

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):634. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11560

First Smallpox Drug Approved

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):634. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11562

No Prescription Needed?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):634. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11596
The JAMA Forum

End-of-Life Care, Not End-of-Life Spending

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;320(7):631-632. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11177
Global Health

Alternative Crops Can Improve Nutrition, Save Water

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):633. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11139

Child Deaths From Pneumococcus and Hib Plummet

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):633. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11672

Air Pollution Linked to Infant Deaths

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):633. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11673
Comment & Response

Sodium Excretion in Population Subgroups

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):719-720. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.8012

Skin Self-examination for Skin Cancer Prevention

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):720-721. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.8008

Sodium Excretion in Population Subgroups—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):720. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.8028

Skin Self-examination for Skin Cancer Prevention—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):721-722. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.8024

Stigmatizing Language About Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):722. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.7808

Stigmatizing Language About Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):722-723. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.7812

Stigmatizing Language About Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):723. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.7820

Stigmatizing Language About Neonatal Abstinence Syndrome—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):723-724. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.7824
Correction

Error in Dropout Number for Spaced Prolonged Exposure Therapy

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;320(7):724. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11067
Poetry and Medicine

Hakimpara kites

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):725. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.4200
JAMA Revisited

“The Day’s Food in War and Peace”

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2018;320(7):726. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12534
JAMA Patient Page

Screening for Cervical Cancer

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;320(7):732-733. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.11365

This JAMA Patient Page describes the US Preventive Services Task Force’s recommendations on screening for cervical cancer.

JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2018;320(7):619-620. doi:10.1001/jama.2017.12505
×