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September 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

March 26, 2019, Vol 321, No. 12, Pages 1135-1228

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(12):1135-1137. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15256
Original Investigation

Effect of Sustained Inflations vs Intermittent Positive Pressure Ventilation on Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia or Death Among Extremely Preterm Infants: The SAIL Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(12):1165-1175. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.1660

This randomized trial compares the effects of 2 15-second sustained inflations vs standard intermittent positive pressure ventilation on the risk of bronchopulmonary dysplasia or death at 36 weeks’ postmenstrual age in extremely preterm infants.

Intramyocardial Injection of Mesenchymal Precursor Cells and Successful Temporary Weaning From Left Ventricular Assist Device Support in Patients With Advanced Heart Failure: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(12):1176-1186. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2341

This phase 2 clinical trial investigates whether injecting the myocardium of patients with heart failure with a high dose of mesenchymal precursor cells derived from bone marrow stem cells, compared with a sham injection, repairs myocardial damage enough to facilitate weaning from left ventricular assist devices (LVADs).

Association Between Year of Birth and 1-Year Survival Among Extremely Preterm Infants in Sweden During 2004-2007 and 2014-2016

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(12):1188-1199. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2021

This population epidemiology study uses Swedish national registry data to compare 1-year survival of extremely preterm infants born at 22-26 weeks’ gestational age during 2004-2007 vs those born during 2014-2016 after the release of a national consensus guideline on perinatal management.

Research Letter

Emergency Medical Services Protocols for Generalized Convulsive Status Epilepticus

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(12):1216-1217. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0441

This study reviews protocols for treating convulsive status epilepticus from 33 emergency medical services systems in California to determine if they had incorporated updated evidence-based guidelines.

Viewpoint

Next Phase in Effective Cost Control in Health Care

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(12):1151-1152. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.1608

In this Viewpoint, Ezekiel Emanuel and colleagues make policy recommendations to control continued growth in health care spending, including national US drug price negotiation, linking benchmarks for cost growth to economic growth and population aging, expansion of alternative payment models to private health care markets, and federal antitrust legislation to address market consolidation that reduces competition and increases prices.

HIV in the United States: Getting to Zero Transmissions by 2030

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1153-1154. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.1817

This Viewpoint discusses 3 challenges that need to be overcome to meet the new US goal of reducing HIV transmissions to zero by 2030: prevention in high-risk communities, reducing infected individuals’ viral loads to undetectable levels, and addressing socioeconomic, racial, and geographic HIV-associated disparities.

The True Cost of Measles Outbreaks During the Postelimination Era

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1155-1156. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.1506

This Viewpoint reviews measles outbreaks in the United States since the year 2000 attributable to vaccine hesitancy, refusal, and exemption, and specifies the costs to individuals, society, and health systems as a result.

First-Year Report Cards From the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS): What Will Be Learned and What Next?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1157-1158. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.1295

This Viewpoint discusses the Merit-Based Incentive Payment System (MIPS), a CMS pay-for-performance (P4P) initiative that rewards clinicians for quality care and for promoting EHR interoperability, and it reviews the shortcomings and complexity of the measures and proposes alternative mechanisms to incentivize quality.

A Piece of My Mind

Rebuilding More of Me

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1159-1160. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2137

In this narrative medicine essay, a pediatric psychiatrist describes his experience arranging psychotherapy, his fear of what his peers or patients might say, and his surprise that his willingness to share his emotional vulnerabilities in the proces has given him deeper and more rewarding relationships personally and professionally.

Editorial

Delivery Room Resuscitation of Extremely Preterm Infants

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1161-1162. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2010

Extremely Preterm Birth Outcomes in Sweden

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1163-1164. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2020
Review

In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest: A Review

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(12):1200-1210. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.1696

This narrative review examines (1) the epidemiology, causes, and management of in-hospital cardiac arrest and (2) strategies and quality-improvement initiatives proposed to prevent its occurrence and improve outcomes.

JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods

Treatment Effects in Multicenter Randomized Clinical Trials

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1211-1212. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.1480

This Guide to Statistics and Methods discusses analytical approaches to accounting for differences in treatment effect by study center when randomized trials enroll patients and administer interventions at multiple sites.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

A 22-Year-Old Man With Painful Vesicles on His Flank

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(12):1213-1214. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0107

A 22-year-old man had an 8-year history of painful, asymmetrically grouped lesions on his right flank. The cluster contained verrucous papules and plaques in the center and vesicles filled with clear and milky-white fluid in the periphery, with partial crusting of some lesions. What is the diagnosis and what would you do next?

Editor's Note

Stem Cell Therapy for Heart Failure: An Unfulfilled Promise?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(12):1186-1187. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2617
Medical News & Perspectives

Paradise’s Emergency Department Director Recalls California’s Worst Wildfire

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(12):1144-1146. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0675

This Medical News article is a physician’s first-person account of last November’s Camp Fire.

Quick Uptakes: Food Allergies: Not Just Kid Stuff

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(12):1146. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0539

This Medical News feature discusses findings from a recent study on the prevalence of adult-onset food allergies and the potential reasons behind them.

News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Newborn Heart Screening

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1150. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2105

Acute Pain Treatment With Opioids

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1150. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2497
Clinical Trials Update

e-Cigarettes for Smoking Cessation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1149. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2252

Scribes Improved ED Productivity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1149. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2492

Moderate Physical Activity Speeds Recovery in Concussed Teens

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1149. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2493

Exercise Delivers Brain Benefits

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1149. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2495

Compounded Pain Creams Offer No Benefit

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1149. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2496
Health Agencies Update

Hospital-Acquired Conditions Decline

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1148. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2109

Some States Not Following Federal Medicaid Abortion Coverage Rules

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1148. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2467

Expanding Ambulance Destinations for Medicare Beneficiaries

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1148. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2468
JAMA Infographic

Source of Increased Health Care Spending in the United States

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(12):1147. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0679
Poetry and Medicine

Suspense

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1223. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.17818
JAMA Revisited

Temple of Learning or Tower of Babel?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1224. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15264
JAMA Patient Page

Thyroglobulin for Monitoring for Thyroid Cancer Recurrence

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(12):1228. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0803

This JAMA Patient Page explains the use of thyroglobulin measurement to monitor for recurrence in patients who have had thyroid cancer.

Comment & Response

Race and Ethnicity Data in Research

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1217-1218. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.21947

Race and Ethnicity Data in Research—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1218. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.21959

Adverse Events Associated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1218-1219. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.22114

Adverse Events Associated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1219. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.22119

Adverse Events Associated With Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1219-1220. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.22123

Notice of Retraction and Replacement. Dyrbye et al. Association of Clinical Specialty With Symptoms of Burnout and Career Choice Regret Among US Resident Physicians. JAMA. 2018;320(11):1114-1130

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(12):1220-1221. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0167

Notice of Retraction and Replacement. Dyrbye et al. Association of clinical specialty with symptoms of burnout and career choice regret among US resident physicians. JAMA. 2018;320(11):1114-1130

JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(12):1139-1140. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15257
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