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July 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

June 11, 2019, Vol 321, No. 22, Pages 2143-2252

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2143-2145. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15366
Original Investigation

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Effect of Pressure Support vs T-Piece Ventilation Strategies During Spontaneous Breathing Trials on Successful Extubation Among Patients Receiving Mechanical Ventilation: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2175-2182. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7234

This randomized trial compares the effect of 30-minute pressure support vs 2-hour T-piece ventilation strategies in spontaneous breathing trials on rate of successful extubation among patients who had been receiving mechanical ventilation for at least 24 hours.

Association of Blood Donor Sex and Prior Pregnancy With Mortality Among Red Blood Cell Transfusion Recipients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2183-2192. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7084

This study examines the association of blood donor sex or previous pregnancy with mortality of transfusion recipients using data from 3 large databases in the United States and Scandinavia.

Preliminary Communication

Association Between Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement for Bicuspid vs Tricuspid Aortic Stenosis and Mortality or Stroke

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2193-2202. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7108

This registry-based cohort study compared mortality and stroke rates among patients with bicuspid and tricuspid aortic stenosis who had undergone TAVR to determine whether advances in technology and in valve devices improved outcomes for patients with bicuspid aortic anatomy.

Research Letter

Mortality Due to Aortic Stenosis in the United States, 2008-2017

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2236-2238. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.6292

This study uses US National Center for Health Statistics data to describe trends in mortality due to aortic stenosis between 2008 and 2017, when use of transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in older adults was becoming more common.

Early Adoption of New Supplemental Benefits by Medicare Advantage Plans

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2238-2240. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4709

Following CMS’ 2018 expansion of supplemental benefits available to HMO and PPO Medicare Advantage enrollees, this study assesses enrollee adoption by type of benefit (eg, caregiver support, in-home personal care, palliative nursing, and social work) and specific plan characteristics in the first year.

US Preventive Services Task Force

Recommendation Statement

Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Infection: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has audio
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2203-2213. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.6390

This 2019 Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends offering preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with effective antiretroviral therapy to persons at high risk of HIV acquisition (A recommendation).

Evidence Report

Preexposure Prophylaxis for the Prevention of HIV Infection: Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2214-2230. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2591

This systematic review to support the 2019 US Preventive Services Task Force guideline on preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for the prevention of HIV infection summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of preexposure antiretroviral therapy in adults without preexisting HIV infection.

Viewpoint

Trust in Health Care

Trust Between Teachers and Learners

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2157-2158. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.22130

This Viewpoint discusses the importance of trust between physician teachers and their students and trainees, proposing that the trust learned in early educational experiences is a foundation and model for physicians’ career-long trusting relationships with institutions, colleagues, patients, and the public.

Trust in Health Care

Why Bolstering Trust in Journalism Could Help Strengthen Trust in Medicine

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2159-2160. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0636

This Viewpoint discusses how proliferation of health misinformation to the public undermines trust in science and medicine, and proposes ways the medical community and media might work together to make medical professionals better producers and consumers of accurate health information and to make the news media better at story curation and communication of uncertainty.

Dual-Physician Households: Strategies for the 21st Century

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2161-2162. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4413

This Viewpoint discusses common challenges faced by dual-physician couples and proposes institutional and individual strategies to improve work-life balance.

The Need for Federal Regulation of Marijuana Marketing

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2163-2164. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4432

This Viewpoint uses the commercial rise of MedMen, a US company that operates licensed cannabis facilities and uses youth-oriented media campaigns to advance unproven health claims for marijuana, to highlight the health risks for young people and to argue for evidence-based regulation of marijuana marketing and sales.

A Piece of My Mind

Reflections on Leadership: Seizing and Embracing Opportunities—Holding up Half the Sky

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2165-2166. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7127

In this narrative medicine essay, a medical school dean talks about the reticence most women feel when considering leadership roles and urges women to work out of their comfort zones, seize diverse opportunities, and step into leadership roles.

Editorial

Revisiting, Reframing, and Casting a New Light on Liberation From Mechanical Ventilation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2167-2169. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7364

Bicuspid Aortic Valve Stenosis: Is There a Role for TAVR?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2170-2171. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7078

HIV Screening and Preexposure Prophylaxis Guidelines: Following the Evidence

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2172-2174. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2590
JAMA Insights

Clinical Update

Hip Fractures in Older Adults in 2019

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2231-2232. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.5453

This JAMA Insights Clinical Update reviews approaches to fracture prevention in older adults, including estimating fracture risk and life expectancy, selecting and managing appropriate medications, and understanding nonpharmacologic strategies.

From The Medical Letter on Drugs and Therapeutics

Drugs for Postmenopausal Osteoporosis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2233-2234. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.6077

This Medical Letter review provides a drug table comparing the 6 classes of drugs (bisphosphonates, anti-RANK ligand antibody, parathyroid hormone receptor agonists, selective estrogen receptor modulator, conjugated estrogens/selective estrogen receptor modulator, and calcitonin) used for the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis.

Medical News & Perspectives

TMAO and Heart Disease: The New Red Meat Risk?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2149-2151. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.3910

This Medical News article discusses trimethylamine N-oxide, or TMAO, a dietary metabolite that’s increasingly associated with cardiovascular disease.

Quick Uptakes

For Fat Burning, Interval Training Beats Continuous Exercise

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2151-2152. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4607

This Medical News article discusses a recent meta-analysis comparing high-intensity interval training, sprint interval training, and moderate-intensity continuous training for fat loss.

The JAMA Forum

The “Conscience” Rule: How Will It Affect Patients’ Access to Health Services?

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(22):2152-2153. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7656
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Delaware Kissing Bug

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2156. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.6917

Acute Flaccid Myelitis Cluster

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2156. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7349
Biotech Innovations

Synthesizing Speech From Brain Activity

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2155. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7064

Using Speech Markers to Diagnose PTSD

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2155. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7550

Safer CAR T-Cell Therapy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2155. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7551
JAMA Infographic

Barriers to Care Experienced by Women in the United States

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2154. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.5271
Poetry and Medicine

cyborg

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2247. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2524
JAMA Revisited

Editorials

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2248. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15374
JAMA Patient Page

Can HIV Infection Be Prevented With Medication?

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2252. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7149

This JAMA Patient Page describes the US Preventive Services Task Force’s recent recommendations on prevention of HIV infection with preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP).

Comment & Response

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Ulcerative Colitis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2240. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.3946

Fecal Microbiota Transplantation for Ulcerative Colitis—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2240-2241. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.3950

Solutions to Reduce Unnecessary Imaging

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2241-2242. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.3998

Solutions to Reduce Unnecessary Imaging

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2242. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4009

Solutions to Reduce Unnecessary Imaging

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2242-2243. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4002

Solutions to Reduce Unnecessary Imaging—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2243. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4021

Meta-analysis of Aspirin for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Events

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2243-2244. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4005

Meta-analysis of Aspirin for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Events

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2244. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4013

Meta-analysis of Aspirin for Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Events—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2244-2245. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4017
Correction

Errors in Results

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2245. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.3941

Incorrect Probability Data in a Column in Table 1

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2245. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7417
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2019;321(22):2147-2148. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15367
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