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September 2020 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

June 18, 2019, Vol 321, No. 23, Pages 2255-2376

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2255-2257. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15377
Original Investigation

Caring for the Critically Ill Patient

Effect of Intraoperative High Positive End-Expiratory Pressure (PEEP) With Recruitment Maneuvers vs Low PEEP on Postoperative Pulmonary Complications in Obese Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(23):2292-2305. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7505

This randomized trial compares the effects of higher levels of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) with alveolar recruitment maneuvers vs a lower level of PEEP on postoperative respiratory failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pulmonary infection, pleural effusion, atelectasis, pneumothorax, and other pulmonary complications in obese patients undergoing noncardiac, nonneurological surgery under general anesthesia.

Association Between Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement and Early Postprocedural Stroke

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2306-2315. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7525

This cohort study uses registry data to describe trends and incidence of 30-day stroke among patients who had undergone transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in the first 5 years the procedure’s use in US clinical practice.

Associations of Amyloid, Tau, and Neurodegeneration Biomarker Profiles With Rates of Memory Decline Among Individuals Without Dementia

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2316-2325. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7437

This cohort study compares memory changes in patients without dementia with vs without positive amyloid or tau positron emission tomography scans or reduced cortical thickness on magnetic resonance imaging, and investigates whether adding information about those imaging variables to a risk prediction model improves predictions of memory decline based on demographic and clinical information and APOE genotype alone.

Research Letter

Suicide Rates Among Adolescents and Young Adults in the United States, 2000-2017

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(23):2362-2364. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.5054

This study uses Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) data to characterize trends in suicide rates among adolescents and young adults aged 15 to 24 years in the United States and to determine if the increase in suicide rates observed in years 2000-2016 is continuing.

Changes in Obesity Among US Children Aged 2 Through 4 Years Enrolled in WIC During 2010-2016

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(23):2364-2366. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.5051

This study examines trends in overweight and obesity in low-income children enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) between 2010 and 2016.

US Preventive Services Task Force

Recommendation Statement

Screening for HIV Infection: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has audio
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2326-2336. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.6587

This 2019 Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening for HIV infection in adolescents and adults aged 15 to 65 years and in younger adolescents and older adults at increased risk of infection (A recommendation) and in all pregnant persons, including those with unknown HIV status at labor or delivery (A recommendation).

Evidence Report

Screening for HIV Infection in Asymptomatic, Nonpregnant Adolescents and Adults: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(23):2337-2348. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2592

This systematic review to support the 2019 updated US Preventive Services Task Force guideline on screening for HIV infection in adolescents and adults summarizes published evidence on the clinical benefits and harms of screening and intervention for HIV infection in asymptomatic, nonpregnant adolescents and adults.

Evidence Report

Screening for HIV Infection in Pregnant Women: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2349-2360. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2593

This systematic review to support the 2019 updated US Preventive Services Task Force guideline on screening for HIV infection in pregnant women summarizes published evidence on the clinical benefits and harms of screening and intervention for HIV infection in pregnant women.

Viewpoint

New Federal Requirements to Inform Patients About Breast Density: Will They Help Patients?

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2275-2276. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.5919

This Viewpoint explains the challenges of effectively communicating information about breast density under the mandates of the Mammography Quality Standards Act.

The Challenges of Defining and Studying “Digital Addiction” in Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2277-2278. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4690

In this Viewpoint, JAMA Pediatrics Editor Dimitri Christakis discusses the conceptual and methodological challenges of studying digital media use by children and adolescents, and calls on the leadership of device and social media companies to collaborate with child health researchers, sharing data as the companies already do with advertisers, to help mediate digital media use in the best interest of children.

Vision for the Future of Continuing Board Certification

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2279-2280. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4815

This Viewpoint discusses the recommendations of the Vision Initiative Commission to improve the structure of continuing certification, including setting standards that integrate life-long learning with formative and timely assessments of knowledge and skills and learning activities that advance practice and improve care.

Artificial Intelligence in Health Care: Will the Value Match the Hype?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2281-2282. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4914

In this Viewpoint, Ezekiel Emanuel and Robert Wachter discuss reasons for the hype surrounding the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in health care and emphasize the need for changes in structures and culture that can change behaviors of clinicians if AI-derived evidence is to be effectively translated into practice.

A Piece of My Mind

Finding the Words

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2283-2284. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7297

In this narrative medicine essay, a young cardiologist recounts his experience with an unexpected seizure leading to a diagnosis of astrocytoma and neurosurgery and his journey from postoperative word loss to finding the words once again to tell his family he loves them.

Editorial

Setting Positive End-Expiratory Pressure in Mechanically Ventilated Patients Undergoing Surgery

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2285-2287. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7540

Stroke After Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: An Important but Underreported Outcome in Clinical Practice

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2287-2289. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.8613

Putting the New Alzheimer Disease Amyloid, Tau, Neurodegeneration (AT[N]) Diagnostic System to the Test

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2289-2291. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7534
Medical News & Perspectives

Despite Policies to Improve Faculty Diversity, Disparities Persist at Public Health Schools

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2268-2270. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.3891

This Medical News story discusses a recent study that found a lack of gender and ethnic diversity in leading public health schools.

Quick Uptakes

For “Broken Heart” Syndrome, Brain May Hold the Key

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2270-2271. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.5198

This Medical News feature discusses recent findings suggesting altered functional connectivity in brain regions involved in emotional and autonomic regulation may play a role in the pathophysiology of “broken heart” syndrome.

News From the Food and Drug Administration

First Treatment for Children With Rare Myasthenic Syndrome

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2274. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7979

Drugs for Heart Disease With Rare Cause

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2274. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7668

Safety Alert for Certain Pacemakers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2274. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7980
The JAMA Forum

The Rural Hospital Problem

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2271-2272. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7377
Global Health

Subpopulations Are Vulnerable to Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorder

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2273. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7101

UN: All-out Effort Needed to Combat Antimicrobial Resistance

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2273. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7977

Vaccine Reduces Pneumonia in Kenya

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2273. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7978
Poetry and Medicine

On a Surgeon Poet

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2371. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.2527
JAMA Revisited

THE VICTORY MEETING

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2372. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15385
JAMA Patient Page

Who Should Be Screened for HIV Infection?

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2376. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.6919

This JAMA Patient Page describes the US Preventive Services Task Force’s recent recommendations on screening for HIV infection in adults and adolescents.

Comment & Response

Evaluation of Patients With a History of Penicillin Allergy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2366-2367. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4534

Evaluation of Patients With a History of Penicillin Allergy—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2367. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4542

Atrial Fibrillation Detection With Wearable Devices

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2367-2368. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4538

Atrial Fibrillation Detection With Wearable Devices—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2368-2369. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4546

Challenges of Personal Health Records

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2369. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4804

Challenges of Personal Health Records—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2369. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.4808
Correction

Error in the Results

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2370. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.7682

Missing Information on Sample Size

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(23):2370. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.6706

Incorrect Information

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2370. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.8299
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2019;321(23):2259-2260. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15378
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