This randomized trial compares the effects of higher levels of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) with alveolar recruitment maneuvers vs a lower level of PEEP on postoperative respiratory failure, acute respiratory distress syndrome, pulmonary infection, pleural effusion, atelectasis, pneumothorax, and other pulmonary complications in obese patients undergoing noncardiac, nonneurological surgery under general anesthesia.
This cohort study uses registry data to describe trends and incidence of 30-day stroke among patients who had undergone transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) in the first 5 years the procedure’s use in US clinical practice.
This cohort study compares memory changes in patients without dementia with vs without positive amyloid or tau positron emission tomography scans or reduced cortical thickness on magnetic resonance imaging, and investigates whether adding information about those imaging variables to a risk prediction model improves predictions of memory decline based on demographic and clinical information and APOE genotype alone.
This study uses Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) data to characterize trends in suicide rates among adolescents and young adults aged 15 to 24 years in the United States and to determine if the increase in suicide rates observed in years 2000-2016 is continuing.
This study examines trends in overweight and obesity in low-income children enrolled in the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) between 2010 and 2016.
This 2019 Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends screening for HIV infection in adolescents and adults aged 15 to 65 years and in younger adolescents and older adults at increased risk of infection (A recommendation) and in all pregnant persons, including those with unknown HIV status at labor or delivery (A recommendation).
This systematic review to support the 2019 updated US Preventive Services Task Force guideline on screening for HIV infection in adolescents and adults summarizes published evidence on the clinical benefits and harms of screening and intervention for HIV infection in asymptomatic, nonpregnant adolescents and adults.
This systematic review to support the 2019 updated US Preventive Services Task Force guideline on screening for HIV infection in pregnant women summarizes published evidence on the clinical benefits and harms of screening and intervention for HIV infection in pregnant women.
This Viewpoint explains the challenges of effectively communicating information about breast density under the mandates of the Mammography Quality Standards Act.
In this Viewpoint, JAMA Pediatrics Editor Dimitri Christakis discusses the conceptual and methodological challenges of studying digital media use by children and adolescents, and calls on the leadership of device and social media companies to collaborate with child health researchers, sharing data as the companies already do with advertisers, to help mediate digital media use in the best interest of children.
This Viewpoint discusses the recommendations of the Vision Initiative Commission to improve the structure of continuing certification, including setting standards that integrate life-long learning with formative and timely assessments of knowledge and skills and learning activities that advance practice and improve care.
In this Viewpoint, Ezekiel Emanuel and Robert Wachter discuss reasons for the hype surrounding the use of artificial intelligence (AI) in health care and emphasize the need for changes in structures and culture that can change behaviors of clinicians if AI-derived evidence is to be effectively translated into practice.
In this narrative medicine essay, a young cardiologist recounts his experience with an unexpected seizure leading to a diagnosis of astrocytoma and neurosurgery and his journey from postoperative word loss to finding the words once again to tell his family he loves them.
This Medical News story discusses a recent study that found a lack of gender and ethnic diversity in leading public health schools.
This Medical News feature discusses recent findings suggesting altered functional connectivity in brain regions involved in emotional and autonomic regulation may play a role in the pathophysiology of “broken heart” syndrome.
This JAMA Patient Page describes the US Preventive Services Task Force’s recent recommendations on screening for HIV infection in adults and adolescents.
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