In this randomized trial, administration of hydrocortisone 7 to 14 days after birth had no effect on mortality or bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) among mechanically ventilated very preterm infants compared with placebo.
This mendelian randomization analysis compares the association of triglyceride-lowering variants in the lipoprotein lipase (LPL) gene and of LDL-C–lowering variants in the LDL receptor gene (LDLR) with coronary heart disease (CHD) risk per unit change in apolipoprotein B.
This cohort study examined associations of an intervention to encourage Medicare beneficiaries with type 2 diabetes to switch from analogue to human insulin with hemoglobin A1c1c (HBA1c) levels, serious hypoglycemic and serious hyperglycemic events, and total spending on insulin products.
This population epidemiology study assesses the association of US county-level long-term unemployment, primary care and mental health clinician supply, and urban vs rural status with rates of neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS).
This systematic review to support the 2019 US Preventive Services Task Force Reaffirmation Recommendation Statement on ocular prophylaxis for gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of ocular topical medication to prevent gonococcal conjunctival infection in newborns.
This 2019 Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends prophylactic ocular topical medication for all newborns to prevent gonococcal ophthalmia neonatorum (A recommendation).
This Viewpoint discusses how the technology underlying wearable devices may lead to unclassifiable or false-positive readings of cardiac rate and rhythm, and highlights resultant uncertainties about how best to integrate the information the devices offer into clinical care to improve patients’ health.
This Viewpoint discusses mobile device–based personal health records, the challenges of making the devices interoperable with existing health care information systems, and the prospect that incorporation of smartphone personal health records might improve patient outcomes, lower costs, and improve health care quality.
In this Viewpoint the outgoing chair of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP) reviews the history of the committee and its evolving role in making recommendations to the CDC about the best uses of vaccines in the United States.
In this Viewpoint, the director and chief medical officer of the US National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VCIP) and colleagues review the history of and rationale for the program; explain the processes for updating injury categories and adjudicating and settling claims; and summarize the costs and success of the program in the context of the vast number of vaccine doses administered nationally.
In this narrative medicine essay, the author recounts her history of alcohol misuse as a response to professional anxiety and sense of imperfection and the healing quality of sharing her story with her university medical center students, trainees, and colleagues.
This Clinical Update proposes a management algorithm to prevent perioperative hyperglycemia in patients with diabetes undergoing elective surgery.
A 28-year-old nonsmoking woman with shortness of breath with exertion was referred to the pulmonary clinic. A computed tomographic scan of her chest revealed diffuse thin-walled pulmonary cysts without nodules, parenchymal changes, or lymphadenopathy and her serum vascular endothelial growth factor D level was 1300 pg/mL. How do you interpret the results?
This Medical News article discusses contributing factors and proactive solutions to the recent increase in sexually transmitted diseases in the US.
This JAMA Patient Page describes the US Preventive Services Task Force’s recent recommendations on prevention of gonococcal eye infection in newborns.
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