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October 2019 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

February 12, 2019, Vol 321, No. 6, Pages 523-620

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2019;321(6):523-525. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15190
Original Investigation

Effect of Intensive vs Standard Blood Pressure Control on Probable Dementia: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(6):553-561. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.21442

This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of treating adults with hypertension to a systolic blood pressure (SBP) goal of less than 120 mm Hg vs treating to a goal of less than 140 mm Hg on risk of probable dementia and mild cognitive impairment.

Effect of Combination of Paracetamol (Acetaminophen) and Ibuprofen vs Either Alone on Patient-Controlled Morphine Consumption in the First 24 Hours After Total Hip Arthroplasty: The PANSAID Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(6):562-571. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.22039

This randomized clinical trial compares the effects of combination paracetamol (acetaminophen) and ibuprofen at full vs half strength vs either drug alone on 24-hour patient-controlled morphine consumption and 90-day serious adverse events after total hip arthroplasty (THA).

Association of Left Ventricular Ejection Fraction and Symptoms With Mortality After Elective Noncardiac Surgery Among Patients With Heart Failure

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(6):572-579. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0156

This cohort study found that 90-day mortality following elective noncardiac surgery was higher among Veterans Affairs patients with symptomatic or asymptomatic heart failure and reduced left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) compared with patients without heart failure.

Research Letter

Buprenorphine Coverage in the Medicare Part D Program for 2007 to 2018

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(6):607-609. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20391

This study uses Medicare Part D prescription drug plan formulary files to characterize changes in coverage of buprenorphine and buprenorphine-naloxone for opioid use disorder in 2007, 2012, and 2018.

Performance of the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ Opioid Overutilization Criteria for Classifying Opioid Use Disorder or Overdose

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(6):609-611. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20404

This study characterizes the accuracy of CMS’ Overutilization Monitoring System for correctly identifying prescription opioid users at risk of opioid use disorder (OUD) or overdose between 2011 and 2014.

US Preventive Services Task Force

Recommendation Statement

Interventions to Prevent Perinatal Depression: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has audio
JAMA. 2019;321(6):580-587. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0007

This 2019 Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends that clinicians provide or refer pregnant and postpartum persons at increased risk of perinatal depression to counseling interventions, such as cognitive behavioral or interpersonal therapy (B recommendation).

Evidence Report

Interventions to Prevent Perinatal Depression: Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2019;321(6):588-601. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20865

This systematic review to support the 2019 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on interventions to prevent perinatal depression summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of primary care–relevant interventions to prevent depression during pregnancy or up to 1 year after childbirth.

Viewpoint

Trust in Health Care

A Framework for Increasing Trust Between Patients and the Organizations That Care for Them

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):539-540. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.19186

This Viewpoint summarizes key findings and conclusions of a working group of health care leaders and patient advocates who participated in a 2018 American Board of Internal Medicine (ABIM) Foundation Forum on [Re]Building Trust, convened to identify and prioritize interventions to restore trust in health care teams, standards, measures, and systems.

Increasing Smoking Cessation in the United States: Expanding the Availability of Over-the-Counter Medications

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):541-542. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.21557

This Viewpoint argues that adoption of a combination of varenicline, nicotine replacement therapy, and behavioral support as first-line treatment for tobacco addiction could increase smoking cessation rates in the United States and proposes that varenicline be made an over-the-counter medication to help more smokers quit cigarettes and improve population health.

The Rise of Pseudomedicine for Dementia and Brain Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):543-544. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.21560

This Viewpoint discusses the growing market for complementary interventions to prevent cognitive impairment and promote brain health, and urges health care professionals to partner with patients to address their health concerns and help them understand the market forces behind unproven treatments.

A Piece of My Mind

Permanent Ink

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):545-546. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0242

In this narrative medicine essay a physician recalls the connections she has forged with patients through conversations about their tattoos and reveals how she considers herself tattooed with the narratives and experiences they’ve shared.

Editorial

Trust in Health Care

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):547. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20795

Prevention of Cognitive Impairment With Intensive Systolic Blood Pressure Control

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):548-549. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0008

Perinatal Depression: Recommendations for Prevention and the Challenges of Implementation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):550-552. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.21247
JAMA Guide to Statistics and Methods

Using the E-Value to Assess the Potential Effect of Unmeasured Confounding in Observational Studies

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2019;321(6):602-603. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.21554

This Guide to Statistics and Methods discusses E-value analysis, an alternative approach to sensitivity analyses for unmeasured confounding in observational studies that specifies the degree of unmeasured confounding that would need to be operative to negate observed results in a study.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

A Fussy Infant With a Generalized Papulovesicular Rash

Abstract Full Text
has active quiz
JAMA. 2019;321(6):604-605. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.20666

A previously healthy 7-week-old infant had a 4-week history of a worsening, widespread, papulovesicular rash with nighttime irritability and restlessness; burrows were present, and Gram stain, potassium hydroxide preparation, and Tzanck smear were negative. A babysitter reported having nighttime pruritus. What would you do next?

Medical News & Perspectives

New Planned Parenthood President: No Politics in the Exam Room

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2019;321(6):533-535. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15674

This Medical News article is an interview with Leana Wen, MD, the new president of Planned Parenthood.

The JAMA Forum

The 2018 Midterm Election Results and Health Care

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(6):535-536. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0116
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Contaminated Bypass Equipment

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):538. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0190

Wound Botulism Outbreak

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):538. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0050
Biotech Innovations

Imaging Needle to Detect Blood Vessels During Brain Tumor Biopsy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):537. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0138

Advanced Brain-Computer Interface for People With Paralysis

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):537. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0294

New Deep Brain Stimulation Target for Mood Disorders

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):537. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0295
The Arts and Medicine

The Waverly Gallery—Dementia on Broadway

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):530-531. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.22035

This Arts & Medicine essay reviews the 2018-2019 Broadway revival of The Waverly Gallery, a Kenneth Lonergan play that tells the story of the effects within a well-to-do Manhattan family of the decline of a family member from progressive dementia.

Poetry and Medicine

Verdict: Stage Four

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):615. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.14670
JAMA Revisited

Literature as an Aid to Restoration

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):616. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15198
JAMA Patient Page

Counseling Interventions to Prevent Perinatal Depression

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2019;321(6):620. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.0253

This JAMA Patient Page explains the US Preventive Services Task Force’s 2019 recommendations to provide or refer pregnant and postpartum women at risk of perinatal depression to counseling interventions such as cognitive behavioral therapy and interpersonal therapy.

Comment & Response

Age of Initiation of Cervical Cancer Screening

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):611-612. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.19085

Age of Initiation of Cervical Cancer Screening—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):612. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.19089

Antibiotics for Ceftriaxone-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacterial Bloodstream Infections

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):612-613. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.19345

Antibiotics for Ceftriaxone-Resistant Gram-Negative Bacterial Bloodstream Infections

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):613. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.19349

Antibiotics for Ceftriaxone Resistant Gram-Negative Bacterial Bloodstream Infections—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;321(6):613. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.19353
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;321(6):527-528. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15191
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