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January 2020 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

December 10, 2019, Vol 322, No. 22, Pages 2149-2256

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2149-2151. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15630
Original Investigation

Effect of Fresh vs Standard-issue Red Blood Cell Transfusions on Multiple Organ Dysfunction Syndrome in Critically Ill Pediatric Patients: A Randomized Clinical Trial

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2179-2190. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.17478

This randomized clinical trial compares the effect of fresh vs standard-use red blood cell (RBC) transfusions to determine the effect on new or worsening organ dysfunction in critically ill pediatric patients.

Association of the V122I Hereditary Transthyretin Amyloidosis Genetic Variant With Heart Failure Among Individuals of African or Hispanic/Latino Ancestry

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2191-2202. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.17935

This study assesses the association between the TTR V122I variant and prevalent heart failure in individuals with African and Hispanic/Latino ancestry and identifies rates of hereditary transthyretin amyloid cardiomyopathy (hATTR-CM) diagnosis among carriers with heart failure.

Association Between Fertility Treatment and Cancer Risk in Children

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2203-2210. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18037

This cohort study uses Danish population-based registry data and the Danish Infertility Cohort to examine the association between fertility drugs and treatment procedures (in vitro fertilization, intracytoplasmic sperm injection, frozen embryo transfer) and cancer risk in children.

Research Letter

Primary Care Spending in the Commercially Insured Population

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2244-2245. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.16058

This study uses Health Care Cost Institute data to assess the share of total health care spending on primary care among individuals younger than 65 years covered by employer-sponsored insurance from 2013 to 2017.

Hepatitis C Virus Antibody Testing Among 13- to 21-Year-Olds in a Large Sample of US Federally Qualified Health Centers

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2245-2248. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.16196

This study characterizes hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing and the HCV care cascade among 13- to 21-year-olds accessing US federally qualified health centers.

US Preventive Services Task Force

Recommendation Statement

Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement

Abstract Full Text
free access has active quiz has audio
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2211-2218. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18928

This 2019 Recommendation Statement from the US Preventive Services Task Force recommends 1-time ultrasound screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) in men aged 65-75 who have ever smoked (B recommendation), selective screening in men aged 65-75 who have never smoked (C recommendation), against routine screening in women who have never smoked and have no family AAA history (D recommendation), and concludes that current evidence is insufficient to assess the balance of benefits and harms of screening in women aged 65-75 who have ever smoked or have a family AAA history (I statement).

Evidence Report

Primary Care Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Updated Evidence Report and Systematic Review for the US Preventive Services Task Force

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(22):2219-2238. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.17021

This systematic review to support the 2019 US Preventive Services Task Force Recommendation Statement on screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) summarizes published evidence on the benefits and harms of AAA screening and treatment in asymptomatic adults older than 50 years.

Viewpoint

Improving the System to Support Clinician Well-being and Provide Better Patient Care

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2165-2166. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.17406

This Viewpoint summarizes recommendations from the National Academy of Medicine’s Committee on Systems Approaches to Improve Patient Care by Supporting Clinician Well-Being, which proposes creation of more positive work and learning environments, reduction of administrative burdens, development of human-centered technology, provision of health support to physicians, and investments in research to better balance the work demands with resources available to clinicians.

Is Transcultural Psychiatry Possible?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2167-2168. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.17331

This Viewpoint reviews the importance of culture to expressions of mental health symptoms, definitions of disease, and response to treatment, and argues for integration of transcultural contexts to future disease taxonomies (eg, DSM-6 and ICD-12) to optomize global care of mental illness.

The Potential of Object-Relations Theory for Improving Engagement With Health Apps

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2169-2170. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.17141

This Viewpoint proposes that object-relations theory, the idea that humans rely on transitional objects for comfort in the absence of human sources of emotional connection, explains people’s connections to their smartphones and can be used to leverage patients’ engagement with digital health apps.

Adalimumab and the Challenges for Biosimilars

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2171-2172. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.16275

This Viewpoint uses the case of adalimumab (Humira), the most profitable biologic drug sold in the United States, to discuss factors that limit product competition and the ability of the public to access less expensive but comparably effective biosimilars.

A Piece of My Mind

Hiding in Plain Sight

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2173-2174. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19326

In this narrative medicine essay, a black surgeon becomes invisible in the hospital when she removes her white coat, allowing her to observe the differences in how white colleagues, coworkers, and patients are treated compared with black colleagues, coworkers, and patients.

Editorial

Age of Red Blood Cells for Transfusion in Critically Ill Pediatric Patients

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2175-2176. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.17476

Updated Guidelines on Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2177-2178. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19626
JAMA Insights

Clinical Update

Update on the Management of Constipation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2239-2240. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.16029

This JAMA Insights Clinical Update summarizes treatment options for individuals with chronic idiopathic constipation, irritable bowel syndrome with constipation, and opioid-induced constipation and summarizes recent guidelines that conclude that traditional laxatives should be used as first-line agents for the management of constipation because of low cost and high benefit.

JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis

Medical Management of Opioid-Induced Constipation

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2241-2242. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.15852

This JAMA Clinical Guidelines Synopsis summarizes the 2018 American Gastroenterological Association guideline on medical management of opioid-induced constipation.

Medical News & Perspectives

Cannabidiol Products Are Everywhere, but Should People Be Using Them?

Abstract Full Text
has audio
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2156-2158. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.17361

This Medical News story discusses what is known about the much-hyped compound cannabidiol (CBD).

As Far as Heart Health Goes, Is Napping Good, Bad, or Neither?

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2158-2159. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18898

This Medical News story discusses research into the effects of napping on cardiovascular disease risk.

The JAMA Forum

History Suggests That Most Physicians Likely to Remain as Participants in Medicare

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(22):2159-2160. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19354
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Kindergarten Vaccine Coverage Needs a Boost

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2162. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19375

Evaluating e-Cigarette Lung Disease

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2162. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19637
Biotech Innovations

Brain Cancer Triage Test Advances

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2161. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19882

Study Evaluates Rapid Sickle Cell Disease Test

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2161. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19606

Patient With Tetraplegia Tests Brain-Controlled Exoskeleton

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2161. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19884
Poetry and Medicine

The Case for Waking

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2251. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.17962
JAMA Revisited

Diet and Intestinal Bacteria

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2252. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15638
JAMA Patient Page

Screening for Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Abstract Full Text
free access has audio
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2256. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19338

This JAMA Patient Page describes the US Preventive Services Task Force’s recent recommendations on screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Comment & Response

Treatment of Hyperglycemia in Patients With Acute Stroke

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2248. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.16339

Treatment of Hyperglycemia in Patients With Acute Stroke—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2248-2249. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.16342

Neuroimaging of US Government Personnel Exposed to Directional Phenomena

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2249. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.16570

Neuroimaging of US Government Personnel Exposed to Directional Phenomena—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2249-2250. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.16573
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
free access
JAMA. 2019;322(22):2153-2154. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15631
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