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August 2020 - July 1883

Decade

Year

Issue

December 24/31, 2019, Vol 322, No. 24, Pages 2361-2450

In This Issue of JAMA

Highlights

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(24):2361-2363. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15652
Original Investigation

Prevalence of Diabetes by Race and Ethnicity in the United States, 2011-2016

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(24):2389-2398. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19365

This national survey study uses National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2016 data to estimate differences in the prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes among US adults 20 years or older by major race/ethnicity groups and selected Hispanic and non-Hispanic Asian subpopulations.

Invasive Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae Infection Among Adults With HIV in Metropolitan Atlanta, Georgia, 2008-2018

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(24):2399-2410. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18800

This population-based surveillance study from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention compares the epidemiological, clinical, and genetic features of invasive nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae infection in adults in Atlanta in 2018 by time period and HIV status (those with HIV in 2008-2016 vs 2017-2018 compared with those without HIV in 2008-2018).

Association of Premature Natural and Surgical Menopause With Incident Cardiovascular Disease

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(24):2411-2421. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19191

This cohort study uses UK Biobank data to compare the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and cardiovascular risk factors in women with premature (before age 40 years) vs nonpremature natural and surgical menopause.

Research Letter

Changes in Trends in Thyroid Cancer Incidence in the United States, 1992 to 2016

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(24):2440-2441. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18528

This study uses Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry data to describe trends in thyroid cancer incidence overall and by tumor size in the United States from 1992 to 2016.

Incidence of Hypoparathyroidism After Thyroid Cancer Surgery in South Korea, 2007-2016

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(24):2441-2443. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19641

This study uses South Korean administrative database data to assess changes in incidence of postthyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism during a period of fluctuations in thyroid cancer screening and surgery between 2007 and 2016.

Viewpoint

Addressing Bias in Artificial Intelligence in Health Care

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(24):2377-2378. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18058

This Viewpoint discusses how use of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies in health care can unintentionally propagate statistical and social biases and how conscientious application of AI may instead help counteract the risk of such biases.

Addressing Social Determinants to Improve Population Health: The Balance Between Clinical Care and Public Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2379-2380. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18055

This Viewpoint characterizes population health as a hybrid of public health and clinical medicine and argues that health care organizations must use their influence to address social determinants of health: education, housing, employment, and other environmental factors that are health risk factors for the population for which they care.

Clarifying the Meaning of Clinically Meaningful Benefit in Clinical Research: Noticeable Change vs Valuable Change

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2381-2382. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18496

This Viewpoint examines clinically meaningful benefit and discusses how noticeable and valuable changes, as deemed by patients and caregivers, can help lead to more effective incorporation of patients and caregivers in the design and interpretation of clinical research.

Real-Time Benefit Tools for Drug Prices

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2383-2384. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.16434

This Viewpoint proposes ways to implement the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ requirement that Medicare Part D plan sponsors implement electronic health record–integrated real-time drug benefit tools to help physicians and patients have point-of-care medication cost information, calling for use of standardized price information and demonstration projects to ensure the rule does not impose unnecessary administrative and technological burden on clinicians.

A Piece of My Mind

Goals That Ricochet

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2385-2386. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19557

In this narrative medicine essay, a palliative care physician reconsiders the meaning of the “What are your most important goals if time were short?” question when it is posed to her mother who has refractory multiple myeloma.

Editorial

Addressing Challenges and Implications of National Surveillance for Racial/Ethnic Disparities in Diabetes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2387-2388. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19428
Review

Diagnosis and Management of Chronic Pancreatitis: A Review

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(24):2422-2434. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19411

This review summarizes current evidence on risk factors, pathophysiology, clinical features, diagnostic evaluation, treatment, and prognosis of chronic pancreatitis.

JAMA Insights

Women's Health

Bladder Pain Syndrome in Women

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(24):2435-2436. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.16927

This JAMA Insights Clinical Update summarizes strategies for diagnosis and management of bladder pain syndrome, a multifactorial condition with overlapping etiologies and comorbidities manifesting as lower urinary tract-related discomfort in women perceived to be triggered by stress, intercourse, menses, or diet.

JAMA Clinical Challenge

A Patient With Psychiatric Illness and Multiple Hemorrhages

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(24):2437-2438. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.17173

A 61-year-old man with a history of hypertension, psychosis, and recurrent venous thromboembolism had fatigue, weakness, and arthralgias after an unexplained fall, as well as peripheral edema of the lower extremities with widespread hematomas, ecchymosis, and perifollicular hemorrhage and petechiae. Laboratory testing revealed normocytic anemia, low folic acid level, and normal coagulation values. What is the diagnosis and what would you do next?

Medical News & Perspectives

Quick Uptakes

Assessing Whether Infertile Men Have a Higher Risk of Prostate Cancer

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2371-2372. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19203

This Quick Uptake highlights a cohort study that linked male infertility to an increased prostate cancer risk.

The JAMA Forum

Health Care Legislation, the 2020 Election, and Beyond

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(24):2372-2373. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20085
News From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Childhood Hardships Contribute to Poor Adult Health

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2376. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20460

Antibiotic Resistance Threat Grows

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2376. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19975
Clinical Trials Update

Tranexamic Acid Improves Outcomes in TBI

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2375. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20077

Free Medications Boost Treatment Adherence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2375. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20563

Statins in Childhood May Reduce CVD From Familial Hypercholesterolemia

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2375. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20564

Circadian Timing of Medications Affects CVD Outcomes

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2375. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20565

Wireless Technology Quickly Confirms TB Medication Adherence

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2375. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20566
Health Agencies Update

Antibody Testing Accurately Identifies Children With Sesame Allergy

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2374. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19773

US Sues Gilead, Alleging PrEP Drugs Infringe on HHS Patents

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2374. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20561

VA Efforts to Reduce Opioid Overdose Deaths in At-Risk Veterans

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2374. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20562
The Arts and Medicine

Graphic Medicine—The Best of 2019

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2368-2370. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.19640

This Arts and Medicine feature reviews 2 outstanding graphic novels of 2019: Kid Gloves by Lucy Knisely, about her pregnancy and its complications, and Gender Queer by Maia Kobabe, about her experience discovering she is gender nonbinary and asexual.

Poetry and Medicine

Evergreen

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2446. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.18999
JAMA Revisited

The Sanitary Inquiry as to Tenement-Houses in New York City

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2447. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15660
JAMA Patient Page

Paraesophageal Hernia Repair and Fundoplication

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(24):2450. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.17390

This JAMA Patient Page illustrates and describes the procedures involved in repair of paraesophageal hernia, in which an opening or defect in the diaphragm allows displacement of abdominal contents into the chest.

Comment & Response

Continuing Antipsychotic Medication for Patients With Psychotic Depression in Remission

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2443. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.17691

Continuing Antipsychotic Medication for Patients With Psychotic Depression in Remission—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2443-2444. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.17694

Healthy Diet and Risk of Dementia in Older Adults

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2444-2445. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.17942

Healthy Diet and Risk of Dementia in Older Adults—Reply

Abstract Full Text
JAMA. 2019;322(24):2445. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.17945
Correction

Error in Results Section

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(24):2445. doi:10.1001/jama.2019.20482
JAMA Masthead

JAMA

Abstract Full Text
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JAMA. 2019;322(24):2365-2366. doi:10.1001/jama.2018.15653
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