This national survey study uses National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2011-2016 data to estimate differences in the prevalence of diagnosed and undiagnosed diabetes among US adults 20 years or older by major race/ethnicity groups and selected Hispanic and non-Hispanic Asian subpopulations.
This population-based surveillance study from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention compares the epidemiological, clinical, and genetic features of invasive nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae infection in adults in Atlanta in 2018 by time period and HIV status (those with HIV in 2008-2016 vs 2017-2018 compared with those without HIV in 2008-2018).
This cohort study uses UK Biobank data to compare the development of cardiovascular diseases (CVD) and cardiovascular risk factors in women with premature (before age 40 years) vs nonpremature natural and surgical menopause.
This study uses Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) registry data to describe trends in thyroid cancer incidence overall and by tumor size in the United States from 1992 to 2016.
This study uses South Korean administrative database data to assess changes in incidence of postthyroidectomy hypoparathyroidism during a period of fluctuations in thyroid cancer screening and surgery between 2007 and 2016.
This Viewpoint discusses how use of artificial intelligence (AI) technologies in health care can unintentionally propagate statistical and social biases and how conscientious application of AI may instead help counteract the risk of such biases.
This Viewpoint characterizes population health as a hybrid of public health and clinical medicine and argues that health care organizations must use their influence to address social determinants of health: education, housing, employment, and other environmental factors that are health risk factors for the population for which they care.
This Viewpoint examines clinically meaningful benefit and discusses how noticeable and valuable changes, as deemed by patients and caregivers, can help lead to more effective incorporation of patients and caregivers in the design and interpretation of clinical research.
This Viewpoint proposes ways to implement the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services’ requirement that Medicare Part D plan sponsors implement electronic health record–integrated real-time drug benefit tools to help physicians and patients have point-of-care medication cost information, calling for use of standardized price information and demonstration projects to ensure the rule does not impose unnecessary administrative and technological burden on clinicians.
In this narrative medicine essay, a palliative care physician reconsiders the meaning of the “What are your most important goals if time were short?” question when it is posed to her mother who has refractory multiple myeloma.
This review summarizes current evidence on risk factors, pathophysiology, clinical features, diagnostic evaluation, treatment, and prognosis of chronic pancreatitis.
This JAMA Insights Clinical Update summarizes strategies for diagnosis and management of bladder pain syndrome, a multifactorial condition with overlapping etiologies and comorbidities manifesting as lower urinary tract-related discomfort in women perceived to be triggered by stress, intercourse, menses, or diet.
A 61-year-old man with a history of hypertension, psychosis, and recurrent venous thromboembolism had fatigue, weakness, and arthralgias after an unexplained fall, as well as peripheral edema of the lower extremities with widespread hematomas, ecchymosis, and perifollicular hemorrhage and petechiae. Laboratory testing revealed normocytic anemia, low folic acid level, and normal coagulation values. What is the diagnosis and what would you do next?
This Quick Uptake highlights a cohort study that linked male infertility to an increased prostate cancer risk.
This Arts and Medicine feature reviews 2 outstanding graphic novels of 2019: Kid Gloves by Lucy Knisely, about her pregnancy and its complications, and Gender Queer by Maia Kobabe, about her experience discovering she is gender nonbinary and asexual.
This JAMA Patient Page illustrates and describes the procedures involved in repair of paraesophageal hernia, in which an opening or defect in the diaphragm allows displacement of abdominal contents into the chest.
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